ARTS-1301 Final

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Gustave Courbet's manifesto reads "To record the manners, ideas, and aspects of the age as I
myself saw them - to be a man as well as a painter - in short to create a living art - that is my
aim." Courbet is considered the father of __________.

Realism

In the Grande Odalisque, the articulation of the heavy drapery contrasts with the crisp treatment of
the linens and sensual lines of the harem mistress's body, revealing that, above all else, Ingres was
a __________.

magnificent draftsman

Francisco Goya, who was neither Neoclassicist nor Romantic, is best known for his __________, one
of the most famous of which is The Third of May, 1808.

graphic representation of man's inhumanity to man

The dissolution of surfaces and study of local color was central to __________ art, which is
dramatically evident in a series of canvases depicting __________ from a variety of angles, during
different times of day and seasons.

Claude Monet's; Rouen Cathedral

The Post-Impressionist Georges Seurat's painting technique is known as __________, which is a
meticulous application of pigment that he derived from the study of __________.

Pointillism; color theories

The movement away from a realistic representation of subjects toward abstraction took many
forms, but Paul Cézanne led the way toward modernism with his __________, as seen in his Still
Life with Basket of Apples.

drastic collapsing of space, forcing imagery to the picture plane

In his __________, Vincent van Gogh's vibrant colors, characteristic long, thin strokes and feverish
application of paint creates an emotionalism that turns a sleepy town into a cosmic display.

starry night

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec's deformity led to an alienation from his family so he instead found a
home in __________, as depicted in At the Moulin Rouge.

the cabarets, cafes and bordellos of Paris

James Abbott McNeill Whistler's Arrangement in Black and Gray: The Artist's Mother exhibits a
combination of realism and abstraction that was strongly influenced by __________.

Gustave Courbet and Japanese prints

Auguste Rodin's The Burghers of Calais is considered a groundbreaking Impressionist sculpture
because of its __________.

intense realism and highly textured surfaces that capture the play of light

Wassily Kandinsky, a major proponent of __________, is recognized as the first painter of
__________.

intense realism and highly textured surfaces that capture the play of light, Der Blaue reiter; pure abstraction

__________ shut down the Bauhaus in 1933, forcing many of its faculty, including Walter Gropius
and Mies van der Rohe, to flee to the United States.

the Nazis

Cubism was heavily influenced by Paul Cézanne in all but one of the following ways:

intense interest in native African and Iberian sculpture

In Umberto Boccioni's Dynamism of a Soccer Player, we see the __________ obsession with
illustrating images in perpetual motion.

Futurist

In 1913, the groundbreaking __________ was held in New York City and dominated by avant-garde
European artists who would heavily influence subsequent American art. The most scandalous work
at the exhibition was Marcel Duchamp's __________, which was dismissed as a "pile of kindling
wood."

Armory Show; Nude Descending a Staircase #2

"All painting is composed of line and color. Line and color are the essence of painting. Hence they
must be freed from their bondage to the imitation of nature and allowed to exist for themselves." An
example of a painting this artist is referring to is __________.

Piet Mondrian's Composition with Red, Blue, and Yellow

For his Twittering Machine, Paul Klee was influenced in part by __________.

ethnographic and children's art

Surrealism began as a literary movement after World War I, and the group based their writings on
the nonrational using a technique known as __________ writing.

automatic

The term Cubism, coined by a hostile critic, is limiting because it is an inadequate description that
ignores the movement's most significant contribution: a new treatment of pictorial space that
__________.

rendered objects from multiple and radically different views

Along with their interest in psychoanalysis, the Surrealists also incorporated some of the attitudes
and techniques of the __________ movements.

Dada and Fatastic art

One of the earliest and most famous "fertility" figurines from the Paleolithic period is the
__________.

Venus of Willendorf

Much of ancient Egypt's art and many of its monuments were, in one way or another, linked to
__________.

death or the worship of the dead

In New Kingdom Egypt, Amenhotep IV started a revolution in both religion and the arts when he
changed his name to Akhenaton to honor the sun god and became a __________. The period of his
reign is known as the __________.

monotheist; Amarna period

The ancient Greeks considered themselves to be the center of the universe or "the measure of all
things," a concept known as __________.

humanism

The circles, squares, patterning, and rigid wedge-shaped torsos depicted on the Dipylon Vase
indicate that it is a fine example of the __________ period of Greek art.

geometeric

The Pantheon's dome is __________ to lessen the weight of it both physically and visually

coffered

Although much Roman art is stylistically derived from Greece, portrait sculptures like Head of a
Roman are notable for their incredible __________, made possible by _________

realism; wax death masks

The interior of St. Étienne has a sense of lightness because the development of the __________
made it possible to pierce the walls above the tribune gallery with a series of windows called a
__________.

rib vault; clerestory

In The Annunciation to the Shepherds manuscript illumination from the Lectionary of Henry II, the
humans are smaller than and below the angel, and the animals are smaller and lower than the
humans. This technique is known as __________.

hierarchical scaling

Perhaps the most famous surviving tapestry is the 230-foot long Romanesque period Bayeux
Tapestry, which describes __________ in a continuous narrative.

the invasion of England by William the Conqueror

Unlike Romanesque sculpture, Gothic sculptural figures __________.

have drapery folds that are soft and reveal anatomy

The word __________ is derived from the French and means rebirth.

Renaissance

Considered a true Renaissance man, __________ excelled in engineering, the natural sciences,
anatomy, music, and technological prototypes, not to mention creating some of the world's best
loved paintings.

Leonardo da Vinci

During the Renaissance period, there was a revival of all of the following except

spirituality and other worldliness

When Michelangelo was only 27, he carved the 13½-foot statue of David from __________.

a single piece of almost unworkable marble

For The Conversion of St. Paul, Caravaggio selected the models in his painting from __________.

society's outcasts

Which of the following Baroque painters was an ambassador, diplomat, and court painter to dukes
and kings and supervised a huge workshop of assistants?

Peter Paul Rubens

In Jean-Honoré Fragonard's Happy Accidents of the Swing, all of the following are characteristics of
the Rococo and depicted in the painting except __________.

classically inspired facial features

In both of their paintings of Judith Decapitating Holofernes, Caravaggio and Artemisia Gentileschi
utilized a harsh, theatrical "spotlight" effect known as __________.

tenebrism

African masks have always varied widely in style from tribe to tribe, but __________ art was heavily
influenced by simple, abstract, geometric examples such as the Etoumba mask.

Pablo Picasso's

The prehistoric Stonehenge is one of the earliest examples of __________ construction, in which
two stones were set vertically and a third stone laid across them, creating an opening beneath.

post and lintel

In Frank Lloyd Wright's famous "Fallingwater," he made use of reinforced concrete to produce
__________.

cantilevered decks

Which of the following statements about steel cable construction, first used to build the Brooklyn
Bridge, is not true?

It can only span very short distances

Glass that has been spun into fine filaments and is used for insulation is known as __________.

fiberglass

Originally a derisive term, __________ uses mass produced, light, easily handled cuts of wood and metal nails for the assembly of millions of homes and small buildings on site.

balloon framiing

Which of the following is not an additive sculptural process?

carving

According to Marcel Duchamp, the function of a readymade was to __________.

prompt the viewer to think and think again

Unlike a typical chandelier, Dale Chihuly's are a different species. They __________.

do not emit light of their own

The __________ process utilizes a series of dye baths and wax applications to create a design on
fabric.

batik

Made from the seat and handlebars of an old bicycle, __________ is probably the best known
assemblage of all time.

Picasso's Bull Head

__________ are constructed by placing barrel vaults at right angles to cover a square space known
as a __________.

groin vaults; bay

Due to its __________, clay is frequently used to make three-dimensional preparatory sketches for
other sculptures.

weakness

Which of the following types of ceramics is fired at the lowest temperature?

earthenware

The 17,000 almost identical small homes built in post-World War II Levittown, New York, are a
reflection of the __________.

need for mass suburban housing for growing metroplitan areas

The Incan fortress of Machu Picchu is considered to be __________ construction, as it was built
without any mortar.

dry masonry

In the lost wax process, molten metal is poured into a fire-resistant mold known as a(n)
__________.

investiture

The __________ developed the process of glass blowing and thus made __________ commonplace.

Romans; glass containers

No smoking signage is an excellent example of a clear, utilitarian form of typography known as a
__________.

pictogram

The American sculptor __________ was one of the early pioneers of the __________, the first form
of art that made motion a basic element.

Calder; mobile

Louise Nevelson said, "I began using found objects. I had all this wood lying around and I began to
move it around, I began to compose." Nevelson's compositions are considered __________.

assemblages

Fifteenth-century artist Gentile da Fabriano applied thinly hammered sheets of gold to his Adoration
of the Magi tempera panel using a technique known as __________.

gilding

A form of charcoal was used by our primitive ancestors to create images on __________.

cave walls

__________ is both a very realistic portrait of rural life in America and an icon of American art due
to its many commercial reproductions on cereal boxes, greeting cards, posters, and the like.

Grant Wood's American Gothic

The classical Greek sculptor Polykleitos was the first known artist to apply the principle of
__________ in order to achieve overall naturalistic balance in the human body's stance.

weight shift

When artists focus on the unity of ideas and meaning in their work rather than the visual and
compositional elements, they are pursuing __________.

Conceptual unity

In art, __________ refers to the distribution of the actual or apparent weight of the compositional
elements.

balance

__________ refers to the portrayal of people and things as they actually are, with no idealization or
distortion.

realism

Context has a profound influence on style. Artworks are very much a product of __________.

Their culture at a moment in time

In art, a __________ is usually defined as a moving dot and is both the simplest and most complex
of the visual elements.

line

Actual texture is primarily experienced through the sense of ___________.

touch

A triangular glass solid that breaks down sunlight or white light into different colors is called a
___________.

prism

A good architectural example of rhythmic progression can be found in the __________ in the ceiling
of the mosque at Córdoba, Spain.

Arches

The colors opposite each other on the color wheel are ____________.

complementary

The colors opposite each other on the color wheel are ____________.

complementary

__________ refers to a distinctive handling of elements and media associated with the work of an
individual artist, a school or movement, or a specific culture or period.

style

The process of organizing the visual elements to achieve a desired aesthetic in a work of art is
known as __________.

Design

In Brancusi's sculpture The Kiss, the two figures are reduced to a simple block form, much like the
__________ of Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque.

Cubism

__________ is the study of the themes and symbols in the visual arts: the figures and images that
lend works their underlying meanings.

iconography

American sculptor Alexander Calder is known for his mobiles, which are excellent examples of
__________.

kinetic art

Light against dark or dark against light create visual differences in ___________.

value

Gustave Courbet's manifesto reads "To record the manners, ideas, and aspects of the age as I myself saw them - to
be a man as well as a painter - in short to create a living art - that is my aim." Courbet is considered the father of
__________.

Realism

In the Grande Odalisque, the articulation of the heavy drapery contrasts with the crisp treatment of the linens and
sensual lines of the harem mistress's body, revealing that, above all else, Ingres was a __________.

magnificent draftsman

Francisco Goya, who was neither Neoclassicist nor Romantic, is best known for his __________, one of the most
famous of which is The Third of May, 1808.

graphic representation of man's inhumanity to man

The dissolution of surfaces and study of local color was central to __________ art, which is dramatically evident in a
series of canvases depicting __________ from a variety of angles, during different times of day and seasons.

Claude Monet's; Rouen Cathedral

The Post-Impressionist Georges Seurat's painting technique is known as __________, which is a meticulous
application of pigment that he derived from the study of __________.

Pointillism; color theories

The movement away from a realistic representation of subjects toward abstraction took many forms, but Paul
Cézanne led the way toward modernism with his __________, as seen in his Still Life with Basket of Apples.

drastic collapsing of space, forcing imagery to the picture plane

In his __________, Vincent van Gogh's vibrant colors, characteristic long, thin strokes and feverish application of
paint creates an emotionalism that turns a sleepy town into a cosmic display.

starry night

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec's deformity led to an alienation from his family so he instead found a home in
__________, as depicted in At the Moulin Rouge.

the cabarets, cafes, and bordellos of Paris

James Abbott McNeill Whistler's Arrangement in Black and Gray: The Artist's Mother exhibits a combination of
realism and abstraction that was strongly influenced by __________.

Gustave Courbet and Japanese prints

Auguste Rodin's The Burghers of Calais is considered a groundbreaking Impressionist sculpture because of its
__________.

intense realism and highly textured surfaces that capture the play of light

Wassily Kandinsky, a major proponent of __________, is recognized as the first painter of __________.

Der Blaue reiter; pure abstraction

__________ shut down the Bauhaus in 1933, forcing many of its faculty, including Walter Gropius and Mies van der
Rohe, to flee to the United States.

the Nazis

Cubism was heavily influenced by Paul Cézanne in all but one of the following ways:

intense interest in native African and Iberian sculpture

In Umberto Boccioni's Dynamism of a Soccer Player, we see the __________ obsession with illustrating images in
perpetual motion.

Futurist

In 1913, the groundbreaking __________ was held in New York City and dominated by avant-garde European artists
who would heavily influence subsequent American art. The most scandalous work at the exhibition was Marcel
Duchamp's __________, which was dismissed as a "pile of kindling wood."

Armory Show; Nude Descending a Staircase #2

"All painting is composed of line and color. Line and color are the essence of painting. Hence they must be freed
from their bondage to the imitation of nature and allowed to exist for themselves." An example of a painting this
artist is referring to is __________.

Piet Mondrian's Composition with Red, Blue, and Yellow

For his Twittering Machine, Paul Klee was influenced in part by __________.

ethnographic and children's art

Surrealism began as a literary movement after World War I, and the group based their writings on the nonrational
using a technique known as __________ writing.

automatic

The term Cubism, coined by a hostile critic, is limiting because it is an inadequate description that ignores the
movement's most significant contribution: a new treatment of pictorial space that __________.

rendered objects from multiple and radically different views

Along with their interest in psychoanalysis, the Surrealists also incorporated some of the attitudes and techniques of
the __________ movements.

Dada and Fantastic art

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