What were the problems the led to the convention?
1) Can't tax
2) Can't resolve disputes
3) No respect from foreign countries
4) Can't levy important taxes
What was the Annapolis convention?
An attempt to "revise" the constitution - failed - not many states showed up
What was Shay's rebellion?
When farmers become in debt and march on springfield to attack courts
What impact did Shay's rebellion have on the Constitutional Convention in Philly?
It scared the people into going to the conference
Who were the delegates at the convention?
Rich, White Men
Who was the "Father of the Constitution'?
Who was the chairman of the convention?
Who said,"I smelt a rat"? Why?
Patrick Henry. Because he knew that they would change the constitution completely
What state did not send delegates?
What was the large state, small state issue?
They were going to make it all by population
What did the Virginia plan propose?
3 branches of government: legislative, executive, judicial based on population
What did the New Jersey plan propose?
Unicameral, 1 state, 1 vote
What were the small states worried about?
What was the Great Compromise?
Bicameral, House and Senate. House based on population, Senate 2 representatives per state
What was the North-South division of slavery?
the north wanted slaves to count for taxes, the south wanted slaves to count for representation
What was the solution?
How did the south benefit?
They had an advantage during elections
What was the slave trade compromise?
It would end after 20 years
What was the compromise of executive?
1 person for 4 years
Was there a limit on re-election?
Why did most of the presidents only run for two terms?
Because Washington did
Who established the Supreme Court?
The Continental Convention
What is Federalism?
Believing in a system where power is divided by the government and states
Why did the federalists win?
1) Washington Supported it
2) People who didn't like the constitution were caught off guard
3) Newspapers supported the Federalists
4) Madison, Hamilton and Jay wrote a book supporting the constitution with 85 reasons
5) There wasn't another option
Why were people afraid of the constitution?
They thought it would be too powerful
Who wrote the bill of rights? Why?
James Madison. In order to get the constitution passes by guaranteeing individual rights will be added