Latin Exam culture

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201-146 BC

years rome became a world leader

SICILY spain and Sardinia

3 countries rome got control of by defeating hannibal

Macedonia

Greek nation rome challenged after hannibal

Macedonia, Northern Africa, Illyria, Sisalpine Gaul

4 areas added to roman territory before 133 BC

Lucius Memmius destroys Corinth and sold inhabitants into slavery

event that symbolized romes rise to power

Carthago Delenda est carthage must be destroyed

phrase Marcus Cato told the senate

Third Punic War

149-146 BC

Roman COmmanders name during the third punic war?

Publius Cornelius Scipio Aemilius Africanus

What did he command his troops to do to the sight of carthage?

put salt in the soil to assure infertility and cure sight

who were the nobiles?

They were the descandants of oldest families of rome that formed a ruling aristocracy to govern the empire

Who governed the Roman Provinciae

former magistrates (former consuls)

what were latifundia?

large estates that grew cash crops

What was the roman middle class called? what was there specialty?

equestrian order, leaders of roman commerce

What does Graecia capta ferum victorem cepit mean?

captive greece captivated her uncivilized conquerer.

Name two ways which greek culture was adopted into roman society

language and literature (the odyssey)

Two roman comedy writers

Plautus, and terence

Why was there a problem in Numidia

Roman were taking over the Nasamones farm land so they started rebelling

Why were the punic wars fought? who were the sides?

a long struggle for control of sicily and the sea. Carthage and Rome

What years was the first punic war?

264-241 BC

What military advantage did the romans develop in order to win this war

They needed marines, had crows foot on ships. Had to develop a navy

where were the punici originally from and where did they settle

Phoenicia and founded Carthage

What does Corvus mean in latin

Crows, like a gangplank that attached onto other ships.

Who was hannibals father

Hamilcar Barca

What years were the second punic war

218-201 BC

Decribe four geographical points that hannibal crossed into Italy

1. Up through spain 2. march across the pyrenees 3. Proceed up coast of France 4. and then through alps

What animals did hannibal cross the alps

elephants

Two battles where hannibal and the Carthaginians beat the romans

Lake Trasimene and Cannae

What was hannibal not able to do alone? Who did he want to help him>

Kill all and march on city, The roman italian allies

What happend to HAstrubal

came through alps with a relief force but was intercept and they cut off his head

What roman general finally defeated Hannibal? At what battle?

Publius Cornelius Scipio, Battle of Zama

What cognomen was the general given?

africanus

list the seven hills of rome

1. Mons Palatinus
2. Mons Esquilinus
3. Mons Capitolinus
4. Mons Aventinus
5. Mons Caelius
6. Collis Viminalis
7. Collis Quirinalis

Which hill seems to be most in the center of Rome?

Mons Palatinus

Which hill seems to have the biggest temple?

Mons Capitolinus ( temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus )

Name the city wall and explain?

Murus Servius it was built by King Servius Tullius (6th)

What two roads lead into the porta capena

Via Appia, Via latina

Name one road from the Forum to the Colosseum

Via Sacra

Which God is the campus Martius named for?what happens here

Mars
Soldier Training School.

Name the river in rome

Tiberis

Name one roman bridge

Pons Aemilius

Name two roman race courses

Circus Maximus, Circus Flaminius

Name one roman aqueduct

Aqua Appia

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