United States industrialist and philanthropist who endowed education and public libraries and research trusts (1835-1919)
1894 railway workers strike for higher wages against the Pullman Company, in which President Grover Cleveland issued an injunction to prevent the strike.
the combining of competing firms into one corporation
a journalist who uncovers abuses and corruption in a society
W.E.B. du Bois
believed that African Americans should strive for full rights immediatly;founded the NAACP
the home and adjacent grounds occupied by a family
social and educational organization for farmers
Process of making large quantities of a product quickly and cheaply
a business owned by stockholders who share in its profits but are not personally responsible for its debts
He was the creator of the American Federation of Labor. He provided a stable and unified union for skilled workers.
Interstate Commerce Act
requires railroads to charge resonable rates
founded over seventy hospitals in north and south america
Ku Klux Klan
a secret society created by white southerners in 1866 that used terror and violence to keep african americans from obtaining their civil rights
Leader of Nez Perce. Fled with his tribe to Canada instead of reservations. However, US troops came and fought and brought them back down to reservations
village in South Dakota. In 1890 it was the site of a massacre of Native North Americans in which between 150 and 370 Sioux people were killed, most of them unarmed.
American Federation of Labor
The first federation of labor unions in the United States. Founded by Samuel Gompers in 1886
1892 steelworker strike near Pittsburgh against the Carnegie Steel Company. Ten workers were killed in a riot when "scab" labor was brought in to force an end to the strike.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founded in 1909 to work for racial equality
reformers who worked to stop unfair practices by businesses and improve the way government works
a government payment that supports a business or market
farming method used in dry regions in which land is plowed and planted deeply to hold water in the soil
An american entrepreneruer and engineer who invented the railroad and the air brake
Sherman Antitrust act
an 1890 law that banned the formation of trusts and monopolies in the United States
Eugene V. Debs
led the Pullman strike and founded the American Railway Union
exposed the unfair practices of big business. Wrote articles about the Standard Oil Company-these articles led to demands for more controls on trusts
Mary Church Terrell
founded the National Association of Colored Women
Federal Reserve Act
a 1913 law that set up a system of federal banks and gave government the power to control the money supply
gave women the right to vote
A vast area of grassland owned by the government where ranchers could graze their herds for free
a railroad that would cross the continent and connect the east and west.