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MID TERM!!!!!!!!!

Atheism

Denial of the existence of God

Dogma

Revealed truth solemnly defined by the church

Grace

God's divine life present in our souls

Faith

Theological virtue by which one believes God's revelation

Natural Law

Ethical knowledge written on the human heart

Natural Revelation

What can be known about God by studying his creation

Polytheism

Belief in many Gods

Reason

Man's intellectual power or faculty

Revelation

God's communication through his words and deeds

Scientism

Error that limits human reason to only those things that can be observed and measured

Apparition

Miraculous appearance of God, a saint, or an angel through which a private revelation may be transmitted.

Covenant

Agreement between two people e or between a person and God involving mutual commitments and guarantees

Magisterium

Teaching office of the church

Miracle

Sign, wonder, or event that transcends the laws of nature by divine power

Motive of faith

Why a person believes, the authority of God himself

Motives of Credibility

Evidence that a Revelation has truly come from God and is, therefor without error

Object of faith

what a person believes: God himself and all the truths he reveals to us

Original Sin

Disobedience committed by our first parents and passed down to all of their descendants

Prophet

A person who speaks to others in the name of God

Word of God

Sacred scripture; also the second person of the blessed trinity, Jesus Christ

Infallibility

Incapable of error; applies to the Magisterium in matters of Faith and morals

Ecumenical Council

Gathering of bishops from all over the world presided by the pope to address issues concerning the whole church

Sacred Tradition

Revelation handed on from Christ to the Apostles and to the modern era through the church

Allegorical Sense

spiritual sense which uses persons or events as "types" which prefigure future events of salvation themes

Sacred Scripture

Word of God communicated by inspired authors of the Old and New Testaments

Apostolic Succession

Historical linage of each bishop back to St. Peter

Fathers of the Church

early Christian writers whose writing faithfully transmitted and illuminated the Faith

Anagogical Sense

Spiritual sense that builds up our faith and hope in going to Heaven Examples found in the book of revelation

Deposit of Faith

Contains Sacred Revelation and is located in Sacred Tradition and Sacred Scripture

Divine Revelation

God reveals or uncovers himself with the assistance of supernatural means (Graces) between Reason alone

Inspiration

Gift of the Holy Spirit by which a human author was able to write a biblical book; therefor, God is the primary author of sacred Scripture

Canon

Greek and Latin for rule. Assisting in practicing the faith or governing the church fairly, refers to the church's complete list of inspired books of the bible

Genealogy

The study of ancestry, genealogies of Jesus are part of the Gospels of St. Matthew and Luke as evidence that Jesus is in the ancestral line of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and David, fulfilling the Old Testament prophecies about the messiah
Septuagint - 3rd century BC Greek translation of the scriptures (Old Testament) Translation was accepted by the early Christians as an authoritative and inspired translation of Sacred Scripture

Vulgate

Latin word for common the name of St. Jerome translation of the bible from its original language into common Latin by St. Jerome a new vulgate bible was published with the approval of the magisterium in 1979

Pentateuch

Greek meaning 5 books referring to the Torah, the first five books of the Old testament: Gn, Ex, Lv, Nm, and Dt

Evangelist

proclaiming the euangellion or gospel (good news) . Sts. Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John each produced a gospel, it is an early life of Christ stressing the good news contained in his ministry and teachings. In sense, anyone who works to spread and promote the gospel

Deuterocanonical

Parts of the Old Testament that were removed from the Jewish or Hebrew canon of scripture but appear in the Septuagint (the Greek translation) used by the early Christians

Analogy of Faith

God is truth, absolute unity and coherence of truths

Epistle

A letter addressed to a person or people. Much of the New Testament consists of epistles written to individuals, to congregations, or to the church as a whole.

Synoptic

telling stories in a similar way, (seeing together

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