Chapter 6-8 Test Review

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Constitutional Convetion

meeting in Philidelphia to where the people decided they wanted to revise the Articles of Confederation. George Washington was elected as the president of this convetion and would lated lead the many compromises.

Constitutional Compromises

Bicameral government (states wanted equal and popular representation). Slaves would count as three fifths of a person. Government can tax imports but not exports. Slave trade would stop by 1808. The president is elected indirectly by the electoral college to a four year term of office.

Publius

latin for "of the people". was the foundation of the Federalist papers and was a central idea during the constitutional convention.

Mercy Otis Warren

was the first woman to create a Jeffersonian (anti-Federalist) interpretation of the Revolution, entitled History of the Rise, Progress, and Termination of the American Revolution, published in three volumes in 1805.

Ratification

For the states to to ratify the constitution they wanted a Bill of Rights attached as they wanted to still posses some of the power that was given tho them by the Articles of Condeferation

Bill of Rights

First Ten Amendments to the Constituion that allowed and protected the rights of people

Report on Public Credit

Hamilton identified the war debt

Report on Public Credit Two

state debt assumption; New public debt securities granted at 4%; Increase tariff on goods;Bank of the US;

Compromise of 1790

This included passage of the Residence Act in July and the Funding Act in August. Central to this was an agreement that several Southerners would change their votes and support the federal assumption of state debts in return for a bill locating the US capital on the Potomac River after a ten year temporary residence at Philadelphia

Report on Manufactores

support a diversified economy; protective tariff (20%+)

Whisky Tax

tax that would could provide revenue for the states.

Proclamation of Neutrality

protects country from trading violations

Citizen Edmund Genet

started in the southern states and worked his way up to the capital to uproar support for the French Revolution

Jay's Treaty

ecouraged trade with Great Britan and the US

Pickney Treaty

It also defined the boundaries of the United States with the Spanish colonies and guaranteed the United States navigation rights on the Mississippi River. The treaty's full title is Treaty of Friendship, Limits, and Navigation Between Spain and the United States. Thomas Pinckney negotiated the treaty for the United States and Don Manuel de Godoy represented Spain.

XYZ Affair

was a diplomatic episode in 1798 that worsened relations between France and the United States and led to the undeclared Quasi-War of 1798. John Jay's Treaty of 1794 angered France, which was at war with the Kingdom of Great Britain and interpreted the treaty as evidence of an Anglo-American alliance. U.S. President John Adams and his Federalist Party had also been critical of the Reign of Terror and extreme radicalism of the French Revolution, further souring relations between France and the States

Alien and Sedition Acts

authorized the president to deport any resident alien considered "dangerous to the peace and safety of the United States." "The Naturalization and Alien acts of 1798 were aimed largely at Irish immigrants and French refugees critical of the Adams administration

Compact theory

claiming that the formation of the nation was through a compact by all of the states individually and that the national government is consequently a creation of the states. Concordantly, states should be the final judges of whether the national government had overstepped the boundaries of the "compact". A leading exponent of this theory was John C. Calhoun.

Tecumseh

He spent much of his life attempting to rally various native American tribes in a mutual defense of their lands, which eventually led to his death in the War of 1812.

Burr Conspiracy

Burr's goal was to create an independent nation in the center of North America and/or the Southwest and parts of Mexico. Burr's explanation: To take possession of, and farm, 40,000 acres (160 km²) in the Texas Territory leased to him by the Spanish. When the expected war with Spain broke out, he would fight with his armed "farmers," to seize some lands he could conquer in the war-all illegal by rules of warfare.

Samuel Chase's impeachment

allegedly letting his partisan leanings affect his court decisions. Chase was acquitted

Marbury v. Madison

first case to clarify Judicial review

Non-importation Act

forbade the importation of certain British goods in an attempt to coerce Great Britain to suspend its impressment of American sailors and to respect American sovereignty and neutrality on the high seas

Non-Intercourse Act

lifted all embargoes on American shipping except for those bound for British or French ports. The intent was to damage the economies of the United Kingdom and France

Treaty of Ghent

released all prisoners and restored all war lands and boats, that is, returned to America approximately 10,000,000 acres (40,000 km2) of territory near Lakes Superior and Michigan, in Maine, and on the Pacific coast.[1] The treaty made no major changes to the pre-war situation, but did make a few promises. Britain promised to return captured slaves, but instead a few years later paid the United States £250,000 for them.[2] The British proposal to create an Indian buffer zone in Ohio and Michigan collapsed after the Indian coalition fell apart. The United States ignored the guarantees it made in article IX regarding American treatment of the Indians

Hartford Convention

event in 1814-1815 in the United States during the War of 1812 in which New England's opposition to the war reached the point where secession from the United States was discussed. The end of the war with a return to the status quo ante bellum disgraced the Federalist Party, which disbanded in most places.

McCulloch v. Maryland

Arose because the state of Maryland had levied tax on the Baltimore branch of the Bank of the US;Marshall held that the Bank was indeed such an agency and that giving state the power to tax it would also five the state the power to destroy it

Dartmouth College v. Woodward

Was it legal to take a private university and make it a state university? ;Decision increased the power of independence by weakening the ability of the states to regulate them or withdraw their privileges

Gibbons v. Ogden

New York granted money to a monopoly of tradel was declared unconstitutional as New York interfered with Congress's power to regulate commerce

Matthew Lyon

was the first person to be put to trial for violating the acts on charges of criticizing Federalist president John Adams and disagreeing with Adams' decision to go to war against France. Lyon was sentenced to four months in jail and ordered to pay a $1,000 fine and court costs. While in jail, Lyon won election to the Sixth Congress. In the election of 1800 Matthew Lyon cast the deciding vote for Jefferson after the election went to the House of Representatives because of an electoral tie.

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