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haka

war dance of the maori

blackbirders

europeans who invaded islands to capture natives to work on plantations

Land Rights Act of 1976

the law that gave aboriginal people the right to claim land in the northern territory of australia

assimilation

the result of a minority group giving up its culture and adopting the culture of the majority group

terra nullius

the concept of empty land by which the british government decided that it had the right to take land in australia without making treaties with the aboriginal people

the dreaming

the foundation of the aboriginal religion

mabo case

a legal case in which the court recognized that the aboriginal people had owned land before the british arrived in australia

uluru

ayers rock is also called ____ by the aborigineese

nauru

a plateau of almost pure phosphate (island)

stolen generation

the name of the aboriginal people called the mixed-race children who were taken from their families and placed with white families

micronesia

which region of oceania has a name that means "tiny islands"?

melanesia

which region of oceania has a name that means "black islands"?

faith

which is not one of the 7 elements of religion?
-doctrinal
-social
-ritual
-faith

copra

dried meat of coconuts

subsistance activites

what is most of the economy of oceania based upon?

maori

what native group comprises 10% of the population in new zealand?

leases

ranchers take out ____, in effect renting land from the australian government

mr. neville

chief protector for western australia from 1915-1936

judaism

oldest monotheistic religion

amnism

the belief that the divine exists in everything

location
place
region
human-environment interaction
movement

the 5 themes of geography

acculturation

when a society changes because it adapts or accepts an innovation

buddhism

religion founded by siddharta gautama in the 5th century

voyaging canoe

term used to refer to a sailing vessel with a double hull

archipelago

names a set of closely grouped islands that sometimes forms a curved arch

bikini atoll

place has been used by the united states for nuclear tests

high island

refers to a type of landform formed by volcanoes

outback

unpopulated inner region of australia

oceania

another name for pacific islands

low island

what type of island is made by a coral reef?

great barrier reef

name of a huge chain of reeds and islands lying along Australia's northern coast

outrigger canoe

a sailing vessel with an extended float that is used for balance

atoll

ringlike coral island or string of small islands surrounding a lagoon

reforms-go along with north america culture and do not base their lives on the torah
conservative- keep strong religious beliefs but still go on about material lives
orthodox- base everything off torah and live off torah

three most prominent forms of judaism

abraham

man god called to be the father of a great nation; first patriarch

ten commandments

what was given to moses on mount sinai?

moses masmidones

most famous jewish philosopher, lived in spain during medieval period

soloman

davids son, who built the first temple

romans

63 BC: who conquered jews in palestine?

assyrians

who conquered Israelites in 721 BC?

shaitan

"bad twin" of ahura mazda

torah
prophets
writings

what are the three major parts of hebrew scriptures?

with the heart and through love

how does the Kabbalah teach how to know god?

the leadership of the zaddik
a holy man

the center of each Hasidic community

torah

the first five books of the tanakh

mezuzah

small container with a scroll inside of it that has the shema written on it; often found at the entrance to a jewish home

yom kippur

judaisms most important holy day. (day of atonement)

the seder meal

high point of the festival of passover

rosh hashanah

festival that celebrates the new year

leveled jerusalem
decreed the jews could no longer inhabit palestine

second large-scale revolt the jews waged against the romans ended in AD 135 when the romans

pentateuch

greek for the five books of the torah

kabbalah

the most famous text of jewish mysticism

zionism

a movement that was originally committed to establish a jewish homeland

talmud

based on the mishnah with extensive rabbinic commentary

huppah

a bridal canopy

bar mitzvah

special service that takes place on a boys 13th birthday

Diaspora

the situation of jews living away from their ancestral homeland

shema

judaisms most basic statement of monotheism

tanakh

hebrew scriptures

kaddish

a prayer of mourning

muslim arabs

people who conquered palestine and the surrounding area in the 7th century

ten commandments

most famous of the 613 laws

ahura mazda

the wise lord, recognized by Zoroastrians as the one true god

gathas

zarthustras hymns; oldest material in the avesta

parsis

Zoroastrians who live in india today

Faravahar

the symbol for Zoroastrians

...

local governors during the persian empire

shahada

first pillar of islam (central creed)

umma

community of all muslim believers

jihad

arabic for struggle

"one who submits"

the name muslim means

quran and sunna

the sharia comes from

followers of ali

shiite means

the sharia

the divine law setting forth how muslims are to live

baghdad

famous islamic house of wisdom is located in

theory that germs are airborne
camera
idea of hospitals
cataract surgery

inventions by islamic scholars

romans

temple in jerusalem was rebuilt and then destroyed again by whom?

palestine mandate

after WW1 the ottoman empire was divided. what did britain control?

PLO

organization which formed in 1964 to regain the land of israel for the palestinian arabs

druze
marionites
shite muslimes

present day lebanon has a various amount of cultures including

theocracy

religious leaders control the governent

dead sea

what body of water is the lowest place on the exposed crust of the earth

jordan river

what is an important source of water in the southwest asia region?

climate is suitable for growing citrus fruits, olives, and vegetables

how does the mediterranean coast differ from other areas of southwest asia?

rub-al-khali

"place where no one comes out"

to convert crude oil into useful products

purpose of a refinery

salmon rushdie

leader of al-queda

dams and irrigation systems

what is necessary for large-scale farming to take place in southwest asia?

controlling world oil prices

purpose of OPEC

western wall

holiest jewish site in jerusalem

great game

struggle over control of central asia between british and russians

gulags

stalin's labor camps

command economy

central government that makes all important economic decisions

cheka

lenin's secret police

glasnost

"openness" refers to the opening up of former soviet republics to western ideas

lenin

first leader of USSR after october revolution

karl marx

wrote communist manifesto

gorbachev

last soviet leader of USSR; encouraged growth of capitalism

ural mountains

dividing line between europe and asia

Transcaucasia

region that consists of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia

chernozem

fertile soil found on northern european plain

volga river

longest river in europe

lake baikal

oldest and deepest lake in the world

baltic republic

latvia, lithuania, and estonia

russian revolution

rule of czars was ended

USSR

nation formed by communist party in 1922

cold war

conflict between united states and soviet union

caucasus

mountains stretch across black sea and caspian sea

dachas

vacation homes in rural areas where many russians spend their weekends

nagorno karadbakh

armenia and azerbaijan are fighting over which mountains

privatization

process used to sell government owned business's to private citizens

distance decay
organized crime

obstacles to economic reform in russia

chernobyl

nuclear disaster in 1986 causing radiation over much of the northern hemisphere

Joseph Tito

dictator of yugoslavia

continentiality

effect on climate being a great distance from the sea

milosevic

butcher of the balkans
ordered a mass killing of the croats

taiga

large forest of coniferous trees

ethnic cleansing

policy of trying to eliminate an ethnic through violence

yurts

temporary homes used by nomads

silk road

ideas and goods traded on various routes between china and the mediteranean

permafrost

permanently frozen subsoil

banyas

cleansing rituals are done here
dry sauna then a cold plunge

trotsky

russian civil war hero for the red army

the new testament gospels

the primary source of information about jesus' life

be exempt from most requirements of the torah

paul believed that gentile christians should

offered through death and resurrection of jesus
comes through the grace of god

for paul, salvation

presbyters
decons

assisted bishops in early church

issued edict of milan
established constantinople
assembled the council of nicaea

acts of emperor of constantine

roman catholic
eastern orthodox
protestant

christianity is divided

apocalypticism

a common jewish belief which held that the world had come under the control of evil forces and was heading towards the climatic end time

pontius pilate

who was the procurator (governor) of judea at the time of jesus?

apostles creed

the earliest creed

paul

persecuted christians before his conversion to christianity

sadducees

wealthy aristocrats who controlled the temple in jerusalem

incarnation

the doctrine that jesus is fully human and fully divine

heresies

opinions or doctrines at odds with accepted doctrines

john calvin

played a role in the reformation in geneva in geneva, switzerland

essenes

lived in desert communities. wrote dead sea scrolls

eucharist

central ritual of the early church, patterned after the last supper

augustine

wrote the masterpiece of christian theology: the city of god

epistles

the letters of paul found in the new testament

jutland peninsula

peninsula is directly across the north sea from Scandinavia

alps

mountains are across france, italy, germany, switzerland, austria, and the northern balkan peninsula

rhine

flows 820 miles from interior of europe to the north sea
port of rotterdam is the mouth of this river

Pyrenees

mountains that protect spain and portugal from the rest of europe

polder

land that is reclaimed by diking and draining

uplands

hills or low mountains that may also contain mesas or high plateaus

apennines

mountains range that divides the italian peninsula between east and west

iberian peninsula

peninsula is home to spain and portugal

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