World Music Words

Created by skcpie92 

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54 terms

ud

Arab short-necked lute, wooden, low, warm timbre, played with plectrum

nay

Arab open-ended, obliquely blown, reed flute, 6 finger holes

qanun

Trapezoidal zither, plucked with two thin pieces of horn held through metal ring. 25 sets of strings...sets in three.

riqq

Arab tambourine

maqam

Arab melodic notes, 12 kinds

taqasim

Arab/Middle East improvisation

tertrachord

set of four notes

takht

traditional small instrumental ensembles in urban Arab centers

azan

call-to-prayer 5 times a day

Umm Kulthum

1950's - 1970's, very popular pop singer when Egypt was emerging towards independence, voice of the people, musical training started at school reciting the Koran: spoke clearly, gave radio concerts on Sunday nights and the whole country shut down to listen to her sing

the Cairo Congress

large international symposium and festival convened in Cairo (1932). It was intended as the first large-scale forum to present, discuss, document, and record the many musical traditions of the Arabic world, from North Africa and the Middle East.

Mohamed Abdel Wahab

egyptian singer

morin khuur

Mongolian horse-headed fiddle, two string, bowed, trapezoid-shape, fretless, fingers on/below strings

urtyn duu

Mongolian long song

glissando

sliding from one note to another

vibrato

the slight vibrating of a note by a musician, creates warmth

khoomei

Central Asian throat singing, deep low noise, higher overtone pitch=diphonic

dombra

Turkish nomadic culture (kazakh) two gut string plucked lute, 14 frets, warm intimate, complicated

kui/kuu

Turkish nomadic culture (kazakh) frame of mind, programmatic instrumental music

komuz

3 stringed plucked lute, Kyrgyz, tuned in 8 ways, various right hand strokes, hit wood too

jew's harp

it consists of a flexible metal or bamboo tongue or reed attached to a frame. The tongue/reed is placed in the performer's mouth and plucked with the finger to produce a note.

koto

Japanese 13-sting zither

shakuhachi

Japanese unpitched flute, slide between notes by moving head around

shamisen

japanese 3 string lute played by geishas, accompany folksongs and buhraku puppet theater

un-pitched sound

shakuhachi is has no pitch

Hibari Misora

Japanese enka singer & actress

enka

Japan, japanese ballads accompanied by vocals (like karaoke)

eight-sound chinese classification system

metal, stone, silk, bamboo, gourd, clay, skin, wood

erhu

Chinese two string bowed fiddle, covered in snake skin, no finger board

dizi

Chinese bamboo flute with membrane hole, cover membrane differently

pipa

Chinese four-stringed plucked lute, played with real or plastic fingernail, dry sound, no resonation

chromatic

based on a scale consisting of 12 semitones

diatonic

based on the standard major or minor scales consisting of 5 tones and 2 semitones without modulation by accidentals

modernist reformism

China

consort

China

modern Chinese orchestra

China

Ravi Shankar

Indian sitar player who popularized classical Indian music in the West (born in 1920)

sitar

Indian piece, 5-7 main strings, 13 sympathetic strings, moveable frets

sarod

related to Afghan rebab, 8-10 playing strings

tabla

Indian pair of single headed drums, goat skin heads, variety of timbre with tuning straps. one wood, one metal

sympathetic strings

found on sitar, creates "drone" sound

rag/raga

India

tal/tala

India

modes and ethos

assoication of music with emotions, 72 modes, vary depending on time of day too

tambura

Indian 4-5 string instrument, play the "drone" part, multi-dimensional timbre,

drone

swirls around fundamental pitch, different tones/overtones, wave-like timbre

alap

free meter, start to piece.

veena

South indian classical instrument, 3 melodic, 4 drone strings

mridangam

Indian percussion instrument, barrel-shaped, double headed. right hand higher, smaller, and tuned, left opposite

Hindustani

India

Karnatic

India

Saraswati

Indian goddess of learning and music, plays sitar

Bollywood film songs

movie industry, musical-like

playback singer

Indian singers that do "voice-overs" in bollywood films

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