began in 1840's the famine and subsequent evictions led to the deaths of 1.5 million Irish people and massive attempts at emigration, resulting in rapid reduction of the population from 8 million to 3.5 million.
millions of Irish people left Ireland for other lands during famine and other subsequent periods
the national radio station in 1926. It became a symbol of national identity
Irish music revival
of the 1960's, a phenomenon that would have profound implications on the future course of Irish music, both in Ireland and abroad. o Irish performers and performers of other lands cross pollinated and made new blends of music that impacted music "back home" in Ireland
an informal gathering where musicians join together to play Irish tunes amidst socializing.
Large scale industrialization led to massive urbanization and ultimately an economy based on manufacturing rather than agriculture.
Majority protestant, minority Irish Catholic
Ireland and the British central government
1921-1949 was the Irish free state and was a self governing dominion within the British Commonwealth
1.Sean nós, or "old way," songs. 2.Slow instrumental melodies called airs. 3.Songs sung in English. 4.The musical tradition of the Irish harp, the national symbol of Ireland. 5.Instrumental dance tunes and medleys.
The "old way" songs, sung in Irish Gaelic; revered as the cornerstone of Irish traditional music.
Dance rhythm, a lively dance of Scottish highlanders marked by circular moves and gliding steps
Dance rhythm for any of various old rustic dances involving kicking and leaping
Commonly used dance rhythm in Irish music;
Importance of ornamentation
They embellish the basic melody
They are set to common dance rhythms.
one of the greatest uilleann pipers and a very important figure in the preservation, cultivation, and dissemination of Irish traditional music. learned to play from father uilleann pipes
worked to preserve tradition hired by radio eireann to promote nationalism through musicbecame part of bbc for the same thing
The Irish version of the bagpipe, regarded as the most distinctively Irish musical instrument.
bowed stringed instrument that is the highest member of the violin family
an instrument made of metal with six holes and a mouth piece
The Irish music revival of the 1960s was the reaction
As music was revived and revitalized it was also transformed
Classically trained composer who led a Irish music transformation in the 1960s that reinvigorated sean nos and regional styles. In 1960, he formed the ensemble Ceoltóirí Cualann. He restored the status of the uilleann pipes, which had fallen out of favor, and introduced the bodhrán as a newly important rhythmic instrument.
hand-held frame drum with a goat skin head
A representative of the transnational culture. She is an Irish-American fiddler and her work spans an eclectic range of musical styles: neo-traditional Irish, Irish-rock, Irish-Latin, and Irish-African fusion.