1st evidence of human existance on Crete
around 2000 BCE
Indo-Europeans arrive in mainland Greece (myceans) Minoan pottery style changes
Collapse of Minoans
The Dorians come from north
Dark ages start - written language is mostly lost
Homers story of the Illiad is written down
First proper historian- Thucydides
Where did the Minoans come from originally?
Libya and/or Asia Minor
How were the Minoans able to create such a wealthy, advanced civilization?
Extremely large fleet of ships for trading
Examples of Minoan wealth and advancement
Running Water, flush toilets, advanced buildings, artists, worshipped bulls, snakes- were probably animal worshipers/nature
Finished Products Minoans were known for
Agriculture, craft objects- vases (soapstone), Jewelry etc.
How were Minoans and Myceneans alike and different?
art, architectural styles, language
Myceans and their way of life
Armor/Weapons found in graves, athletic events, (feudal king does not have total power.
Real cause for Trojan War?
Where Troy was placed, they wanted it.
Mycean social/behavioral values
Sin to lie to friend/family, bravery/courage
Philosophy, Literature, architecture
"Dark Ages" really mean?
Absence of writing, trade, education. Time of warfare/no peace. No contact with other people.
Great greek poet, wrote Illiad and Odyssey
First important archaeologist to go into Aegean area (1822-1890) searched for places in the poems
The king of Troy during the Trojan War
City leader of the Achaeans in the attack on Troy
Sir Arthur Evans
19th century archaeologist, ssearched for examples of greek writing
Legendary, leadership over the building of great palace Knossos- became most important city in Crete
A greek historian of the 5th century
The son of Aegeus, king of Athens, put end to sacrifice to monster
Thought son died, jumped off cliff, Aegean sea named after him
Daughter of Minos, fell in love with Theseus
Speech to son in Illiad
best warrior of the Achean Greeks during Trojan War
"Master of Stratagems", played a big part in the Illiad and Odyssey
Wife of Menelaus, kidnapped, "reason for trojan war"
King of Sparta
Son of King of Troy- abducted Helen w/help from Aphrodite
Goddess of Love, helped abduct Helen
Treasure of Priam
In second oldest level, store of objects made of gold, assumed they had belonged too Priam
Rule by the sea
a durable method of painting on a wall by using watercolors on wet plaster
clay jar which held olive oil, wine , or grain
Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.
worshipped statues, deitys
egg shell type thin pottery
complex system of paths or tunnels in which it is easy to get lost
kings had all power
beehive shaped tomb found at the Mycenae, believed to be royal