This was an African American aid program to help with land, schools, churches etc...
Oliver O. Howard
Director of the Freedman's Bureau.
Freedmen's Aid Societies
Sent teachers and missionaries to the southern African Americans.
Wanted to disenfranchise lots of southern whites, protect black civil rights, confiscate land of the wealthy northerners who aided the south and give their land to the freedmen.
Radical Rep. from Pennsylvania
Radical Rep. from Mass.
Led a lenient reconstruction policy. Believed that southern unionists could be the basis of new loyal state gov'ts in the south. His plan allowed the white southerners general amnesty and who would pledge loyaty and abolition.
Called for the president to appoint a provisional government for each conquered state. When enough white males pledged their allegiance they could form a constitutional convention and create one.
The place where Lincoln died.
John Wilkes Booth
Lincolns assassin. Devoted to the southern cause.
Shot and wounded by one of Booth's conspirators.
Was almost assassinated by the Booth people.
Presidential Reconstruction, or "Restoration"
Allowed amnesty to some southerners. Appointed a Gov to each southern state and allowed him to assemble a constitutional convention. Not Wade Davis.
The "real" reconstruction plan, it involved the Radical Republican's plans which override Johnson's vetoes. Congress would not seat southern members.
laws passed in the south just after the civil war aimed at controlling freedmen and enabling plantation owners to exploit african american workers
Civil Rights Act of 1866
An act saying Blacks were citizens of the United States and that the federal gov't could intervene to protect the rights of the citizens.
made "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" citizens of the country
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Tenure of Office Act
Forbade the president to remove officials without the consent of the congress.
Edwin M. Stanton
Protected by the tenure of office act because he was in cahoots with radicals.
Command of the Army Act
Prohibited the president from directly commanding the army not through the general, who could not be relieved or assigned elsewhere without the consent of the senate.
Ex parte Milligan
Military tribunals were unconstitutional in places where civil courts presided.
"Firing" a president
Southern white republicans. Former whigs who didn't feel comfortable in the democratic party and farmers in areas with little slavery.
Southern white republicans. White men from the north/ veterans of the union army who settled in the south for business.
system in which landowners leased a few acres of land to farmworkers in return for a portion of their crops
System that allowed farmers to get more credit. They used harvested crops to pay back their loans.
Ulysses S. Grant
Republican nomination. Ill prepared for the job. Relied on established party leaders. Corruption in the party.
Grants secretary of state.
Opposed Grantism. Tried to get rid of Grant but failed by a long shot.
Grants way of dealing with the presidency, which disillusioned many Northern Republicans, included his continuing support of Radical Reconstruction policies, and the corruption within the Grant administration itself.
Grants opponent, lost badly.
Scandalous company created by Union Pacific Railroad insiders, it distributed shares of its stock to Congressmen to avoid detection
Grants vice president who accepted stock in the Credit Moblier.
The "Whiskey Ring"
a scandal, exposed in 1875, involving diversion of tax revenues in a conspiracy among government agents, politicians, whiskey distillers, and distributors.
Grant's secretary of war who was forced to resign after he was found to have accepted bribes from suppliers to the Indian reservations.
Grant's Secretary of War, William W. Belknap, accepted bribes from companies with licenses to trade on the reservations of man with Native American tribes.
Panic of 1873
Worst panic yet. Began with the failure of an invesment company that over invested in post war railroads.
Jay Cooke and Company
The failure company that caused the Panic 1873
a piece of paper money (especially one issued by a central bank)
Specie Resumption Act
Greenback dollars would be replaced by gov't and money would be issued that was backed by gold.
National Greenback Party
Party that arose out of a desire for paper money, not successful in gaining widespread support, kept money issue alive
Alaska Purchased by William H. _______
A series of claims for damages by the government of the US against the government of the United Kingdom for the perceived covert assistance given to the Confederate cause during the American Civil War
Ku Klux Klan
Wanted to stop blacks from voting. White Supremecy.
Acts to allow anyone to vote and for the federal government to intervene on their behalf. Federal troops could be used.
Compromise of 1877
Ended Reconstruction. Republicans promise 1) Remove military from South, 2) Appoint Democrat to cabinet (David Key postmaster general), 3) Federal money for railroad construction and levees on Mississippi river
Rutherford B. Hayes
President who made the Compromise of 1877.
Democratic nominee for president in 1876, loses narrowly
the corrupt part of Tammany Hall in New York City, that Samuel J. Tilden, the reform governor of New York had been instrumental in overthrowing.
Location of tweed ring.
The independent seat on the commission to decide the election. Resigned his seat after winning congress.
The "New South"
Changes in the south. Politically.
Powerful southern oligarchy.
Powerful southern oligarchy.
self-government in local matters by a city or county that is part of a national government a type of restoration.
Editor of the Atlanta Constitution.
Booker T. Washington
African American progressive who supported segregation and demanded that African American better themselves individually to achieve equality.
Booker T. Washington built this school to educate black students on learning how to support themselves and prosper
Major speech on race-relations given by Booker T. Washington addressing black labor opportunities, and the peril of whites ignoring black injustice
Plessy v. Ferguson
Court declared segregation was allowed as long as long as accommodations were equal.
Cumming v. County Board of Education
Court ruled that communities could establish schools for whites even if there were no equal schools for whites.
Jim Crow laws
Limited rights of blacks. Literacy tests, grandfather clauses and poll taxes limited black voting rights
Blacks being attacked by white mobs.
Ida B. Wells
the lynching of blacks outraged her, an african american journalist. in her newspaper, free speech, wells urged african americans to protest the lynchings. she called for a boycott of segregated street cars and white owned stores. she spoke out despite threats to her life.