Hormones and Their Functions

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human growth

growth of skeleton and muscle

prolactin

controls milk production and secretion

adrenocorticotropic

stimulates adrenal cortex to release hormones

melanocyte stimulating

darkens skin pigmentation

thryroid stimulating

controls release of thyroid hormones

follicle stimulating

stimulates egg and sperm production

luteinizing

controls secretion of estrogen and testosterone

oxytocin

contractions during childbirth

antidiuretic

controls water loss and urine output

thyroxine

controls metabolism of glucose with T3 and T4 and synthesizes iodine

calcitonin

decreases amount of calcium in blood

parathyroid

works with kidneys and raises amountof calcium in blood

mineralcorticoids

controls mineral homeostasis

glucocorticoids

regulates metabolism

gonadocorticoids

estrogen and androgens for onset of puberty

epinephrine

adrenaline, increases heart rate and respiration to resist stress

glucagon

increase blood sugar level

insulin

decrease blood sugar level

androgens

male sex hormone

melatonin

biological clock

thymosin

produces antibodies and T WBCs for immunity

*antidiuretic

vasopressin

*thyroxine

thyroid hormone

*mineralcorticoids

aldosterone

*glucocorticoids

cortisol

*glucagon

alpha cells

*insulin

beta cells

HGH

anterior pituitary

PRL

anterior pituitary

ACTH

anterior pituitary

MSH

anterior pituitary

TSH

anterior pituitary

FSH

anterior pituitary

LH

anterior pituitary

OT

stored in posterior pituitary

ADH

stored in posterior pituitary

TH

thyroid gland

CT

thyroid gland

PTH

parathyroid gland

MINERALCORITCOIDS

adrenal gland

GLUCOCORTICOIDS

adrenal gland

GONADOCORTICOIDS

adrenal gland

EPINEPHRINE

adrenal medulla

GLUCAGON

pancreas

INSULIN

pancreas

ESTROGEN

ovaries

PROGESTERONE

ovaries

TESTOSTERONE

testes

MELATONIN

pineal gland

THYMOSIN

thymus gland

exocrine

leaves body through ducts

endocrine

stays in body through blood

Pancreas

organ that is both endocrine and exocrine

reproduction

function of endocrine system

growth

function of endocrine system

reulgate metabolism

function of endocrine system

stress control/emotions

function of endocrine system

helps immune system

function of endocrine system

electrolyte/nutrient balance

function of endocrine system

nervous system

fast, nerve impulses,goes to tissues needed, travels by neurons, short term effects

endocrine system

slow, hormones, travels through whole body, travles by blood, long term effects

anterior pitutary gland

produces, stores and releases hormones

posterior pituitary gland

only stores and releases hormones made by hypothalamus

master gland

pituitary

potential action site

target area for hormones

target cells/receptors

cells that repond to a particular hormone

Calcitonin

stops osteoclasts bone breakdown and release of calcium

Parathyroid H

starts osteoclasts bone breakdown and releases calcium

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