the rebuilding of the Union after the Civil War until 1877
Lincoln's Reconstruction Plan
wanted southern states to rejoin the Union quickly, so his plans were lenient and included amnesty toward Southernors
"With malice toward none, with charity for all"
When was Abraham Lincoln assassinated?
April 14, 1865
Who assassinated Lincoln?
John Wilkes Booth
John Wilkes Booth
a VERY popular actor, and confederate sympathizer who assassinated lincoln
What play did Lincoln go see the night he was shot?
My American Cousin, which was a comedy
What did Booth yell after shooting Lincoln?
sic semper tyrannis
What amendment did Johnson support?
the 13th Amendment
What was Johnson reluctant to support?
Black suffrage (voting rights)
Johnson's Reconstruction Plan
Gives all the land back to the Confederates and gets rid of "40 acres and a mule," also he does little attempt at addressing economic hardships facing freedmen
What does the Radical Republican Congress want?
extreme reconstruction, punish the Southerners by making them pay for the war "they" caused while at the same time helping A.A.s
"Congress alone can do it...Congress must create states and declare whether they are to be repeated"
helps former slaves adjust to their new life of freedom
if you are born in the US, you are a citizen of the US & are entitled to due process of law
outlaws the denial of voting rights due to race
What happens to Johnson while in office?
He is impeached
Who follows Johnson?
Ulysses S. Grant
Who is pulled out from the south by Rutherford B Hayes?
What officially ends in 1877 and what does it fail to do?
Reconstruction officially ends failing to secure equality for African Americans
Plessy vs. Ferguson
a A.A. sat on a whites only car and was sent to jail, this case went all the way up to the Supreme court which ruled segregation legal; "separate but equal"
former slave, freed from bondage
someone who came south to help freedman and also gain wealth
1st African American in Congress
Ku Klux Klan
white supremacist group, committed murder & other forms of violence to limit A.A. independence
southern laws that restricted A.A. freedom
John Crow Laws
passed by Southern state & local governments to separate blacks and whites
planters have small plots of land to work in return for share of the crop
laborers rented land
to put to death by mob action
a native white southerner who collaborated with the occupying forces during the reconstruction often for personal gain.