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The point where air enters the respiratory tract

nasal cavity

The windpipe which conducts air between the larynx and the lungs is called

trachea

The divisions of the trachea which enters the lungs are called

bronchi

Located between the pharynx and the trachea, containing the vocal cords

larynx

A condition of the nasal septum turning away from the midline is called

deviated septum

Inflammation of the pleura

pleurisy

Escape of fluid into the thoracic cavity

pleural effusion

Inflammation of the nasal mucosa results in

rhinitis

An accumulation of air in the pleural cavity after the lungs collapse is known as

pneumothorax

Lesions of the mucous membrane of the stomach are called

gastric

A serious chronic disease of the liver is called

cirrhosis

Inflammation of the gallbladder

cholecystitis

Scapula

shoulder bone

Humerus

bone extending from the shoulder to the elbow

Sacrum

Large bone in Pelvic Curve

Tibia

Larger of Two Lower Leg Bones; Inside of Leg

Fibula

Smaller of Two Lower Leg Bones; Outside of Leg

Clavicle

Collarbone

The science of the function of cells, tissues, and organs of the body is called

physiology

movement of limbs away from the body

abduction

The second portion of the small intestine is called

jejunum

Duodenum

first portion of the small intestine

One of the vital functions of long bones is the formation of

red blood cells

Paralysis that follows damage to the brain is called

hemiplegia

Trapezius

either of two flat triangular muscles of the shoulder and upper back that are involved in moving the shoulders and arms

Latissimus dorsi

broad, flat muscle on each side of the middle back

Infected pressure sores on the skin are called

decubitus ulcers

A gallbladder disorder involving stones int the gallbladder is

cholelithiasis

Inflammation of the retina is called

retinitis

Washing out of the stomach through a nasogastric tube is called

lavage

If the septum of the heart has an abnormal opening it is called

septal defect

Branches of bundle branches, which transmit the impulses to the walls of the ventricles, causing the ventricles to contract is called

purkinje fibers

Deoxygenated blood enters the right atrium of the

heart

When the right atrium contracts it forces blood through the tricuspid valve into the

right ventricle

The right ventricle pumps the used blood to the lungs by the

pulmonary artery

Superior vena cava

the large vein carrying blood from the upper part of the body.

Inferior vena cava

brings blood back from lower portion of body to heart

Myocardium

middle layer of the heart wall.

Interventricular septum

partition between right and left ventricle

Apex

the pointed end of the heart which extends slightly to the left and rests on the diaphragm

In the human body, the senses include all the following except for

teeth

When the patient makes abnormal noises like snoring sounds when they are breathing, it is called

stertorous respiration

The main type of sphygmomanometers used in a clinical setting is called

aneroid type

A rubber or plastic tube used to drain or inject fluid through a body opening is called

catheter

An apical pulse is the method of choice for

infants and young children

The medical term for a group of cells with the same function

tissue

The medical term for the basic unit of body structure

cells

The medical term for circular movement around a central point

rotation

The medical term fir a decrease in size or a wasting is called

atrophy

The medical term for straightening of a body part is called

extension

The medical term for moving a body part away from the body

abduction

The medical term for bending of a body part is called

flexion

The medical term for turning the palm backward is called

pronation

The medical term for bending backward is called

dorsiflexion

The medical term for abnormal shortening of a muscle is called

contracture

The medical term for moving a body part toward the midline of the body is called

adduction

The medical term for tube feeding is called

gavage

The word element emesis means

vomiting

The word element cise means

cut

The word element centesis means

puncture

The word element stomato means

mouth or the ostium uteri

Erythema refers to

red skin

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