The first Romans to reach China's court of Emperor Huan were envoys of which emperor?
The economic wealth of the early Roman state was based on
The center of political action in the Roman Republic was
In Roman society
the father's word was law in his household
Which statement is true about Roman women?
They exercised influence over husbands and sons
How did the early Romans view the natural world?
As filed with numerous invisible shapeless forces called numina
The covenant of protection between the gods and the Romans was called
Which of the following was NOT a contributing factor to Roman expansion?
the desire to acquire buffer zones protecting them from attack by enemies.
A significant difference in Roman expansion versus Greek was that Romans:
extended citizenship in degrees to most conquered populations
For a period of over 60 years, Rome fought a war of expansion with which people?
Two protracted and bloody wars against the Caarthagians were important because
Rome won control of the western Mediterranean
During the Republic, Romans managed their imperial territories by
establishing a provincial administration and sending a Roman senator to oversee matters
As the numbers of independent farmers declined in the later Republic, Italian landowners increasingly turned to
What factor caused a decrease in small farms in the Late Roman Republic?
The growth of latifundia and a shift to nonstaple crops
The emperor responsible for the reorganization of the Roman government after 31 BCE was
The main reason for the decline of the Roman Republic was
military leaders with armies loyal to them rather than to the state.
Under the Principate, Roman law
came largely from the emperor himself
One of the factors that most helped the growth of commerce was:
the implementation of the "pax romana" or roman peace
One of the most enduring consequences of the ROman Empire has been the
Romanization of the western Mediterranean
Before 212 BCE, many people living outside Italy became Roman citizens...
after serving lengthy terms of military service
The circumstance surrounding Jesus' ministry and acclamation by his followers as the messiah was
the Roman occupation of Judaea
How is the career of Paul an example of the "cosmopolitan" nature of the Roman empire?
He was able to use benefits of Roman citizenship, roads, and cities to spread Christianity
Why was becoming Christian considered an act of disloyalty in the Roman Empire?
Christians could not worship the emperor as a deity
Who were NOT among the earliest converts to Christianity?
The engineering expertise of the Romans is seen in all of these except:
Starting with the reign of Augustus, the Roman army was reorganized and redeployed to
shift from an offensive to a defensive strategy
The most visible symptom of Rome's "third-century crisis" was the
frequent change of rulers
What was the reason for the economic decline in the third century CE?
debasing of coinage by the emperors
Who reformed Rome in the third century CE and saved it from its decline?
The conversion to Christianity of which Roman emperor ushered in a time of tolerance, acceptance, and eventual dominance of Christianity?
What city became the new imperial capital of the Roman Empire in 324 CE?
The competition among states in the Warring States Period resulted in
the creation of the first empire under the QIn state
In an effort to increase his power, Shi Huangdi cracked down on
Which of the following was NOT a tactic used to re-centralize power under the Qin?
a return to Confucianist values
Because of the influence of Confucian ethics, Chinese values emphasized
obedience and proper conduct
One of the great construction projects of Shi Huang-di was:
connection of walls which ultimately made up The Great Wall
What was buried with the emperor Shi Huang-di in his elaborate tomb?
statues of his soldier
The Confucian view of proper female behavior was exemplified by the
It was customary for young brides in China to
live with their husbands family
The Qin ruler took the title Shi Huangdi, which meant
Which is NOT one of the reasons for the fall of the Qin Empire?
Incorporation in the empire of different ethnicities
The well planned urban capital of the Han dynasty was
How did Gaozu deal with the Xiongnu confederation threat?
he adopted a policy of appeasement
In what way did Emperor Wu of the Han dynasty significantly differ from previous emperors?
He was ambitious in exploring and conquering more territory
The important Han innovations include the development of
the horse collar, the watermill, and the crossbow
The leading export commodity of China during the Han was
Which of the following is NOT generally considered a contributing factor to the fall of the Han Empire?
The subversive ideas of Buddhism