The first Romans to reach China's court of Emperor Huan were envoys of which emperor?
How did the early Romans view the natural world?
As filed with numerous invisible shapeless forces called numina
Which of the following was NOT a contributing factor to Roman expansion?
the desire to acquire buffer zones protecting them from attack by enemies.
A significant difference in Roman expansion versus Greek was that Romans:
extended citizenship in degrees to most conquered populations
Two protracted and bloody wars against the Caarthagians were important because
Rome won control of the western Mediterranean
During the Republic, Romans managed their imperial territories by
establishing a provincial administration and sending a Roman senator to oversee matters
As the numbers of independent farmers declined in the later Republic, Italian landowners increasingly turned to
What factor caused a decrease in small farms in the Late Roman Republic?
The growth of latifundia and a shift to nonstaple crops
The main reason for the decline of the Roman Republic was
military leaders with armies loyal to them rather than to the state.
One of the factors that most helped the growth of commerce was:
the implementation of the "pax romana" or roman peace
One of the most enduring consequences of the ROman Empire has been the
Romanization of the western Mediterranean
Before 212 BCE, many people living outside Italy became Roman citizens...
after serving lengthy terms of military service
The circumstance surrounding Jesus' ministry and acclamation by his followers as the messiah was
the Roman occupation of Judaea
How is the career of Paul an example of the "cosmopolitan" nature of the Roman empire?
He was able to use benefits of Roman citizenship, roads, and cities to spread Christianity
Why was becoming Christian considered an act of disloyalty in the Roman Empire?
Christians could not worship the emperor as a deity
Starting with the reign of Augustus, the Roman army was reorganized and redeployed to
shift from an offensive to a defensive strategy
What was the reason for the economic decline in the third century CE?
debasing of coinage by the emperors
The conversion to Christianity of which Roman emperor ushered in a time of tolerance, acceptance, and eventual dominance of Christianity?
The competition among states in the Warring States Period resulted in
the creation of the first empire under the QIn state
Which of the following was NOT a tactic used to re-centralize power under the Qin?
a return to Confucianist values
Because of the influence of Confucian ethics, Chinese values emphasized
obedience and proper conduct
One of the great construction projects of Shi Huang-di was:
connection of walls which ultimately made up The Great Wall
Which is NOT one of the reasons for the fall of the Qin Empire?
Incorporation in the empire of different ethnicities
In what way did Emperor Wu of the Han dynasty significantly differ from previous emperors?
He was ambitious in exploring and conquering more territory
The important Han innovations include the development of
the horse collar, the watermill, and the crossbow