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TMI First Semester Final Exam Review Sheet 2011

Confucianism

A philosophy from the teachings of Kongfuzi (Confucius) that shows how to have a stable government and an orderly society. Social and political disorder will end if each person does his duties.

the ethics of Confucianism

Each person owes(欠債) respect and obedience(服從) to the person above and below him: ruler - subject; parent - child; husband - wife; old - young; friend - friend

The Mogul (Muhgal) dynasty

started by Babur, a descendant of Timur Lenk, who set up the Mogul dynasty (the Persian name for Mongol). The Moguls ruled in Northern India for 300 years.

Timur Lenk (Tamerlane)

first Muslim leader who attacked Delhi, India and set up Muslim empire in much of central Asia

Akbar

Babur's grandson who brought peace and order to northern India; encouraged Muslims and Hindus to get along

The Mogul leader who made culture flourish in India

Akbar

The Mogul leader who built the Taj Mahal at Agra, India

Shah Jahan

benefits from Moghul leaders

They brought gunpowder, paper, porcelain, the arch and dome (in architecture) to Mogul India

Tokugawa Shogunate

political system of Japan that combined a central government with feudalism

feudalism

medieval political system: king owned the land but gave it to nobles in exchange for protection from knights

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