What were the relationships between the 12 Olympians?
They were brothers, sisters, mothers, fathers, sons, and daughters.
Where do they get their name from?
They get their name from Mount Olympus, where they reside.
What are other names for Zeus?
Jupiter (Roman), God of gods, God of the Heavens, Lord of the Sky, God of Thunder and Lightning
Who are the parents of Zeus?
Cronus and Rhea
Who is the wife of Zeus?
What are Zeus' sacred objects
eagle, thunderbolt, shield, and the oak tree
What does the name "Zeus" mean?
"the shining one"
Where is his oracle?
The Dodona in Greece, which was surrounded by oak trees where people went o pray to Zeus. There would be a priestess to listen to the oak trees in the wind and tell the mortals the answer or prayer from Zeus.
What was a key quality of Zeus?
He was very promiscuous and sought after mortals and produced offspring with them. Hera usually banished the mother and the children.
What were other qualities of Zeus?
just, fair, a leader, strong
What were other names for Hera?
Juno (Roman), Queen of the Gods, goddess of marriage, protector of married women, Lord of the Sky
Who were the parents of Hera?
Cronus and Rhea
Who was her husband?
What were the sacred objects of Hera?
peacock and cow
What is her favorite city and why?
Argos is her favorite city because of Jason and the Argonauts. She helped him a lot on his journey.
What was the peacock story?
Hera used the powers of the male peacock, which opened its feathers. She had one that used all of its eyes on the feathers to spy on the promiscuous Zeus.
What were some qualities of Hera?
She was vengeful and jealous because of Zeus' multiple mistresses. Hera had a terrible marriage.
What did Hera do to Zeus' mistresses?
She went after them, banished them and their children, and killed the mistress and the child(ren).
What is Hera usually viewed as because of her jealousy and vengefulness?
She is seen as a mean goddess.
What happened between Hera and Iyo?
Iyo was a Nymph that was sought after by Zeus. Seeing Zeus persuing her, Hera turned Iyo into a cow.
What are other names for Aphrodite?
Venus (Roman), Goddess of Love
Who are the parents of Aphrodite?
Zeus and Dione, who was a mortal
Who is the husband of Aphrodite?
What are the sacred objects of Aphrodite?
dove, goose, sparrow, myrtle
What is Aphrodite known for?
extreme beauty and attractiveness
Why did Aphrodite marry Hephaestus?
She wanted to get married. He wanted to marry her.
What was the condition in the marraige of Aphrodite and Hephaestus?
Aphrodite could have as many affairs as she wanted.
How is Aphrodite usually depicted
whining and complaining
What is the relation of Aphrodite (or Venus) and the sea shell?
Uranus' body parts mixed with the sea foam and caused Aphrodite's body to come forth fully grown. She was born from the sea foam.
What are other names for Hades?
Pluto (Roman), God of the Underworld,
Who are the parents of Hades?
Cronus and Rhea
Who is the wife of Hades?
What are Hades' sacred objects?
helmet, metal, jewels, which all come from mining the earth
How did Hades see Persephone, and what was his reaction?
He saw Persephone in a meadow and wanted her to be his wife.
From whom did Hades receive permission to take Persephone into the Underworld?
Zeus, who approve his brother's request
How did Hades drag Persephone into the Underworld?
on a chariot
What is Demeter the goddess of?
fertility and agriculture
Who was the mother of Persephone?
Why was Persephone obligated to stay in the Underworld for half the year?
She had eaten six pomegranate seeds from the Underworld, which required her to stay six months.
Why is winter infertile, cold, and lacking vegetation according to Greek myths?
Persephone is in the Underworld, and Demeter is weeping for her return.
Why is spring fertile, warm, and fruitful?
Persephone returns from the Underworld for six months.
Who are the three brothers who govern the earth, sea, sky, and Underworld?
Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades
Who drew which lot
Zeus - best lot - earth and sky (Mount Olympus)
Poseidon - second best lot - sea
Hades - worst lot - Underworld
What are the other names for Poseidon?
Neptune (Roman), God of the Ocean
Who are the parents of Poseidon?
Cronus and Rhea
What are the sacred objects of Poseidon?
trident, horse, bull
What did Poseidon introduce to mortals?
What does the horse represent?
transportation, travel, trade, and war
What are the capabilities of Poseidon?
He can produce earthquakes, tsunamis, and storms.
What are other names for Athena?
Minerva (Roman), Goddess of Wisdom, just war, cities, and arts and crafts, Virgin goddess, Pallas, Pallas Athena, logic and puzzles
What are Athena's sacred objects?
owl, shield (which is also associated with Zeus), and the olive tree
What is Athena's favorite city?
Athens, which is her namesake
What are her qualities?
She is Zeus' favorite child, proud, beautiful, gray, flashing, beautiful blue-green eyes, intellectual, virgin goddess, focused, self-restraint, discipline, self-respect
Who are the virgin goddesses?
Artemis, Athena, Hestia
Who were Athena's parents?
Zeus and Metis, who was a Titan
What does Pallas Athena wear?
She is fully dressed, with no skin showing and exhibiting much modesty
What are other names for Artemis?
Diana (Roman), Goddess of the Moon, hunt, children, silver, bow and arrow, virgin goddess
What does luna refer to?
It is a feminine word and refers to the moon's cycle. Women's bodies or cyclical, just like the moon, causing the flow of the tide.
Who were the parents of Artemis?
Zeus and Leto
Who is the twin brother of Artemis?
Who was Leto?
She was a poor mortal who had an affair with Zeus. When Hera banished her to an island, she safely bore Apollo and Artemis.
What are the sacred objects of Artemis?
stag, crescent moon, and the cypress
What was Artemis' favorite animal?
What did Artemis do when she was being persued by male gods?
She turned herself into a tree.
What are other names for Apollo?
Phoebus Apollo, God of Light and truth, healing, archery, music, God of the Sun
Who were the parents of Apollo?
Zeus and Leto
Who is the twin sister of Apollo?
What are the sacred objects of Apollo?
crow, dolphin, laurel, lyre
What is a laurel?
It is an olive crown placed upon the heads of Olympic winners.
What kind of hair did Apollo have?
long, blonde, and curly
What does Apollo transform into to avoid certain situations?
What is a lyre?
It is a smaller kind of a harp-like instrument.
What is Apollo known for?
He is know for beautiful locks of hair and to be very handsome.
Where is Apollo's oracle?
Delphi, also associated with the House of Phoebus
What are other names for Demeter?
Ceres (Roman), Goddess of the Harvest, crops, agriculture, fertility, mother goddess,
Who were Demeter's parents?
Cronus and Rhea
What were Demeter's sacred objects?
Who is Demeter's daughter?
What does the cornucopia represent?
fertility and abundance
What is a negative kind of goddess she is known for?
She is known as the suffering goddess because she loses her daughter for six months.
Who contrived against her to steal Persephone away?
Zeus and Hades
What are other names for Ares?
Mars (Roman), God of Cruel War
Who were the parents of Ares?
Zeus and Hera
Who is Zeus' favorite child?
What are the sacred objects of Ares?
the dog and the vulture
Who is the only person/god/goddess who likes Ares?
Aphrodite, who had an affair with him
What does it mean when Ares is the God of Cruel War?
It means it represents brute, unjust war.
Who catches the affair between Aphrodite and Ares?
What are other names for Hephaestus?
Vulcan (Roman), God of Metals and Fires, he rules over the volcanoes
Who are the parents of Hephaestus?
Zeus and Hera
Who is the wife of Hephaestus?
Aphrodite, who didn't even love him
What are the sacred objects of Hephaestus?
fire, blacksmith's hammer
What is a key feature of Hephaestus?
He is the only ugly Greek god. He was born ugly, and Hera threw him off Mount Olympus, which increased his physical deformities.
What is his job for the Olympians?
He makes the armor for all the gods?
What did Hephaestus do to his mother, Hera, when he was angry at her?
He tied her to a chair.
Why did the Romans appreciate him?
He was a very kind god. He was nice until he became angry.
What are other names for Hermes?
Mercury (Roman), Messenger of the Gods, God of Motion, sleep, dreams, travelers, thieves
What are the qualities of Hermes?
He is mischievous, playful, tricky, and cunning. He also steals.
Who are the parents of Hermes?
Zeus and Maia
What are the sacred objects of Hermes?
wand, winged sandals, winged helmet
What was Hermes' main function towards the gods and goddesses?
He was the messenger of the gods.
Where is he seen in the modern age?
Red Bull commercials
What does mercurial mean?
What are other names for Dionysus
Bacchus (Roman), God of Wine, God of Theatre and Dancing, God of Escapism, drunkenness
Who was Dionysus' wife?
He didn't have a wife.
Who were the parents of Dionysus?
Zeus and Semele
Who was Semele?
Semele was a mortal with whom Zeus had an affair. Hera became jealous and tricked her into asking Zeus to show himself in his god-like glory. This caused Semele to burst into flames and die.
How did Dionysus survive?
Since he was immortal, Zeus took Dionysus from Semele's womb and cut into his thigh to store Dionysus into it.
What is the disagreement over Dionysus?
He is not always depicted as one of the 12 Olympians.
What are the sacred objects of Dionysus?
the bull, serpent, ivy, and wine
What happened to Dionysus?
He was banned from Mount Olympus and became irrational, performing bad deeds.
What is the relation between Dionysus and women?
He doesn't marry.
Who were the Maenads?
They were drunken, frenzied women.
Why is Dionysus known as the suffering god?
The sacred king, which was a young male, was chosen every 7 to 10 years to be sacrificed. The real king or prince was removed for a substitute or stand-in to be killed. Dionysus was chosen and ripped apart limb from limb by the Maenads in the forest after dancing with them.
What happened after Dionysus was ripped apart?
His blood would soak into the earth and make the wine taste much better.
What is the Christian theology or event that is associated with Dionysus?
rebirth and resurrection
What is a psychopomp?
a figure who conducts souls into the Underworld
Who were the sons and daughters of Cronus and Rhea?
Zeus, Hera, Hades, Poseidon, and Demeter
Who were the sons and daughters of Zeus and Hera?
Ares and Hephaestus
Who were the children of Zeus, either with Hera or other mistresses?
Aphrodite, Athena, Apollo, Ares, Hephaestus, Hermes, Dionysus
What does it mean when a male births a child by himself?
This strips one of the key powers women dominate men over: the ability to give birth. Once a male stripped her of this power, the masculine would be more dominant.