GHMS-Heat Transfer Ch 6, Sec 1&2

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temperature

a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object

Fahrenheit Scale

a temperature scale that defines the freezing point of water as 32 degrees and the boiling point of water a 212 degrees

Celsius Scale

a temperature scale that defines the freezing point of water as 0 degrees and the boiling point of water as 100 degrees

Kelvin Scale

the temperature scale on which zero is the temperature at which no more energy can be removed from matter

absolute zero

the temperature at which no more energy can be removed from matter

heat

thermal energy that is transferred from matter at a higher temperature to matter at a lower temperature

States of Matter

The three states that most matter exists in on Earth are solids, liquids, and gases.

conduction

The transfer of heat from one particle of matter to another

convection

the transfer of heatby the movement of currents within a fluid (liquid or gas)

convection current

a current caused by the rising of heated fluid and sinking of cooled fluid

radiation

the transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves

conductor

A material that conducts heat well

insulator

a material that does not conduct heat well

melting point

The temperature at which a solid changes to a liquid

joule

The SI unit of heat

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