China Terms

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Ming Dynasty

the imperial dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644

Hongwu

First Ming emperor in 1368; originally of peasant lineage; original name Zhu Yuanzhang; drove out Mongol influence; restored position of scholar-gentry

Mongol Dynasty

the imperial dynasty of China from 1279 to 1368O

Confucius

Chinese philosopher (circa 551-478 BC)

Yonglo

The son of Hongwu and moved the Ming capital to Beijing. He built the imperial city, which became the Forbidden City. He was also a patron for oversea voyages and exploration.

Zheng He

An imperial eunuch and Muslim, entrusted by the Ming emperor Yongle with a series of state voyages that took his gigantic ships through the Indian Ocean, from Southeast Asia to Africa. (pp. 355, 422)Z

Tribute

something given or done as an expression of esteem

Matteo Ricci

An Italian Jesuit who by his knowledge of Astronomy and science was accepted as a missionary of China

Forbidden City

a walled section of Beijing that encloses the palace that was formerly the residence of the emperor of China

Manchus

Federation of Northeast Asian peoples who founded the Qing Empire. (p. 556)

Qing Dynasty

the last imperial dynasty of China (from 1644 to 1912) which was overthrown by revolutionaries

Kang Xi

the emperor to have the longest hold on the throne in China's history.

Qian Long

This Chinese emperor ruled the Qing Dynasty

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