People, goods, and ideas
When the geographers talks about movement, they are reffering to the movement of what?
Longtiude and Latitude
What is used to determine absolute location?
Degrees east and west of the Prime Meridian
How is longtiude measured?
Similar climates, vegation, or landforms can be used to divide the earth into what type of regions?
What internal forces help create new landforms?
By relief above and below sea level
How are landforms commonly classifed?
Molten rock that is called lava when it brekas the surface, cone, cinder, and shield
Describe the charcacteristocs of volcanoes.
How far it rises above the land it surrounds
What classifies a landform as a mountain?
Both are barren regions with little or no plant growth and are dry
How are deserts and tundra regions alike?
Dry seasons of wildfires are common to what type of landform region?
Rocky Mts, Great Plains, Atlantic Coastal Plains
What common landforms do the U.S. and Canada share?
Around Hudson Bay
Where is the Canadian Shield located?
North to South
What direction do the major landforms of North America extend?
What force propels the movement of the earth's plates?
Large slabs of rock move over the mantle
What does the theory of plate tectonics confirm?
A major type of ecosystem
What is a biome?
Temperate with adequate Rainfall
Broadleaf deciduous forests grow best in what regions?
Coniferous forests tend to be found in the colder parts of the midlle latitudes
How do coniferous forests compare to deciduous forests?
Both the U.S. and Canada have temperate grassland regions.
Describe the ecosystems of the U.S. and Canada.
What is the most common ecosystem found in the Southern U.S.?
A glacier was once covered the area
What can geographers conclude from observing moraines?
What is the most common type of mechanical weathering?
Ocean waters help distributes the sun"s heat, precipitation depends on air, tempature, coastal areas ahve warmer tempatures than inland.
What are the characteristics of climate and weather on the earth?
Elevation and Latitude
What are climate regions based mainly on?
Canada tends to be colder, because it is located farther north.
Compare the climate of the U.S. and Canada.
Generally colder temperatures exist.
What effect does Canada's location have on its climate?
Resources that cannot be replaced by nature as they are used.
What are nonrenewable resources?
They are unevenly distributed.
How are natural resources distributed throughout the world?
Nearly 50% of the land is devoted to agriculture, but only a small percentage of workers are employed.
Describe land use in the U.S.
Forestry and fishing
What are important economic activities in the West based on natural resources of the region?
Harsh climate and rugged terrain make mining difficult.
Why have many of the natural resources of the Canadian North not been developed?
Barrier to migrating animals of the arctic.
What barrier did the pipeline to carry oil in Canada create?
Cold weather, harsh climate, preserving the natural habitat.
What challenges does Canada face from developing its natural resources?
Free market and government jointly make decisions. (Free Market+Command=Socialism)
What is a mixed economy?
They are found in rural parts of the world, produce little surplus goods, most goods are consumed by people who produce them.
What are the characteristics of traditional economies?
Many social services are provided to the people of the country.
What is common in countries with high taxes?
The government takes no part in the economy.
What is a pure capitalist economy?
Doctor, waitress, police officer.
What are examples of tertiary economic activities?
Secondary economic activities, part of subsistence economies, involve making products by hand.
What are cottage industries?
Activities which make direct use of the land, fishing, mining, agriculture.
What are primary economic activities?
Defined Border, Sovereignty, Government, and Population
What are characteristics of countries (all have in common)?
What kind of government structure does the U.S. have?
Where do most people in the U.S. and Canada Live?
Same number of deaths as births per year.
What would you expect from zero population growth?
Because natural resources are nor distributed evenly around the world.
Why the earth's population is unevenly distributed?
Population has increased dramatically since 1950.
What is the general trend today in world population growth?
Within 200 miles of the U.S. border/The Great Lakes Region
Where is the most densely populated region of Canada?
The discovery of gold in the 1849
What caused the rapid increase of population in the western U.S.?
Areas influenced by large cities.
What are hinterlands?
.Availability of land and resources, and mild climate
Why have cities in the South and West grown in recent years?
It made it easy to transport people and goods across the country, contributed to the growth of suburbs and cities
What effects did the transcontinental railroad have on American cities?
Along rivers (water) on the Atlantic Coast.
Where were the major cities of the U.S. located in its first 50 years?
The transfer of heat in a circular pattern, heats and colls the surface
What is convection? And what effect does it have on the earth?
THe coming togethor/ mixing of cultures
What is cultural convergence?
When you bring goods into the country
What is importing? What are examples?
Gross National Product, the total value of goods produced in the U.S. , GNP per person.
What is GNP? What is per capita GNP?
Resources formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals.
What are fossil fuels?
What are the common energy sources used in the U.S.? The world?
Nations are going ot trade with natiosn they have a good relations with.
Explain global trade patterns?
Modern techniques and equipment
Why is commercial farming in developed countries more successful than subsistence farming in developing countries?
Economically and culturally
How are the U.S. and Canada linked?
Canada uses more energy per capita than the U.S., Canada is self-sufficient in energy needs, Canada relies more on hydroelectric power than the U.S.
Describe the energy use in Canada?
Gave parcels of land to settlers who agreed to farm.
What did the government do to encourage farming the Great Plains?
Rivers provided transportation routes and water power for factories.
Why did trade and industry grow in the Northeast?
The discovery of oil in Texas, its access to ocean ports along the Gulf of Mexico, a more diverse population.
What affected the growth of industry in the South?
It is where the majority of food comes from.
Why is the Midwest called the "Nation's Breadbasket"?
About 85% of Canadian goods.
How much (goods and supplies) does the U.S. buy from Canada?
They were not able to develop until the railroad was completed.
Why did the cities of the Prairie Provinces develop late in Canada?
Many Canadians strong ties to regional and ethnic groups, rivalry between Canadians of English and French Heritage, and the great differences among the provinces and territories.
Why it is difficult to achiev national unity in Canada?