British fort located at the southern tip of Lake Champlain.
City in Massachusetts that Geroge Washington left Philadelphia for so that he could "take charge of the forces".
City that Richard Montgomery seized in November 1775.
French Canadian city that Benedict Arnold journeyed to. The Americans had to retreat from _______ when their attack did not succeed.
Green Mountain Boys
A band of Vermonters that attacked Fort Ticonderoga.
Vermont blacksmith known for his strength and for his temper. He was the leader of the Green Mountain Boys.
Olive Branch Petition
Document the Continental Congress conjured and sent to King George III declaring their loyalty and asking him to repeal the Intolerable Acts.
Army set up by the second Continental Congress to battle the British.
Battle of Bunker Hill
The first major battle of the American Revolution.
The shutting off of a port to keep people or supplies from moving in or out.
actions of the Second Continental Congress
1) Sent King George III the Olive Branch Petition.
2) Set up Continental Army, making George Washington the leader.
Americans fought bravely
(Americans) The Battle of of Bunker Hill proved...
the British could not be defeated easily.
(British) The Battle of Bunker Hill proved...
British strengths during the Revolution
British army was highly trained, with a lot of experience.
American strengths during the Revolution
It was much easier for news and supplies to travel around the colonies.
Author of _Common_Sense_, a pamphlet that caused a stir amongst the colonies as it told of the disadvantages of British rule.
Richard Henry Lee
Virginian who said, "these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States."
Wrote the Declaration of Independence for the United States in July 1776.
Declaration of Independence
Document accepted and signed on July 4 1776 declaring America's independence from Britain.
Mary Katherine Goddard
Baltimore printer; she produced the first copies of the Declaration of Independence.
colonists who supported independence
colonists who remained loyal to Britain
First person to sign the Declaration of Independence.
A person who betrays their own country
Thomas Paine's arguments
1) The time wasted to get documents and news to their monarch
2) says that "one honest man is worth more in the sight of God than all the crowned ruffians that ever lived", which was his way of attacking the idea of monarchs
three main parts of the Declaration of Independence
1) basic rights
2) British wrongs
3) Declaring independence, cutting all ties with Britain.
*were tarred and feathered by patriots
*lost their homes and valuables
Place British fleet anchored, marking a new stage in the American Revolution
Place Americans retreated across to get to Pennsylvania
British fort captured after Washington tricked Cornwallis
Place three British forces were aiming for
the site where George Washington and his troops endured a harsh winter without proper food, shelter, or clothing
Battle of Long Island
British win that killed, wounded, or lost +1400 Americans.
a young Connecticut officer of the American Revolution who was hanged as a spy by the British. His last words were "I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country".
Battle of Trenton
A bold attack on Washington's part, but also a victorious battle that left Trenton with 0 people.
British general in the American Revolution who captured Fort Ticonderoga but lost the battle of Saratoga in 1777
Battle of Saratoga
turning point in the American Revolution
Marquis de Lafayette
young French noble that brought trained soldiers to America to fight the British
Polish engineer that built forts and other defenses for America
Friedrich von Steuben
Prussian army man that taught American soldiers prussian skills, such as how to use a bayonet.
troops on horseback
to not take sides
many Battles lost in the war
discouraged Patriots in 1776- 78
three major results of the Battle of Saratoga
1) Boosted American spirits
2) Convinced French to become an ally of U.S.
3) Ended British threat to New England
importance of a French alliance
to help supply Americans with weapons and other needed supplies and the French navy, which was powerful
Bernardo de Galvez
Governor of Spanish Louisiana who favored the Patriots. He secretly supplied them with medicine, cloth, muskets, and gunpowder.
Kaskaskia and Cahokia
British forts in Ohio Valley that Clark captured with help from the Miami indians
victorious surprise winter attack by Clark
Cherokee woman who told settlers of a Cherokee raid. The settlers responded with violence.
George Rogers Clark
leader of a Virginian attack against the British in the Ohio Valley
John Paul Jones
most daring American captain; raided the English coast. Commanded the Bonhomme Richard in Sep. 1779 and defeated the British warship Serapis in hand- to- hand combat.
African American minuteman. He was on the American side and fought at Bunker Hill.
Mary Ludwig Hays
"Molly Pitcher"; she carried water to the soldiers. When Her husband was injured, she took his place.
Massachusetts woman that dressed as a man so she could fight in the battles of the revolution. She journaled about her life in the army.
to protect their land
reasons for Natives helping British
1780 battle in NC where Patriots defeated Loyalist militia; many neutral citizens swung over to patriot side and there was increased dislike of the British
A melting-pot town in early colonial Georgia; British win
Town in South Carolina that had a very negative impact on Patriots when seized by the British
battle won by American forces; one of Lord Cornwallis's major losses
in 1781 during the American Revolution the British under Cornwallis surrendered after a siege of three weeks by American and French troops.
Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge
NC patriots defeated a loyalists army, battle is someitmes called the lexington and concord of the south
American leader who later betrayed the Patriots and fled to the British in exchange for money and an officer's commission in the British Army
South Carolina militia leader nicknamed the "Swamp Fox" for his hit-and-run attacks on the British during the American Revolution.
Commander of the American forces in the south; wore the British out
soldier in the American Revolution who defeated the British in the Battle of Cowpens, South Carolina (1736-1802)
Admiral de Grasse
A French admiral. He had a powerful fleet in the West Indies that he offered to Washington to help in an attack on Cornwallis at Yorktown.
Comte de Rochambeau
French general who commanded French troops in the American Revolution, notably at Yorktown (1725-1807)
Treaty of Paris
agreement signed by British and American leaders that stated the United States of America was a free and independent contry
approve formally; confirm; verify
British focuses on South
This area had the most Loyalists, and when France joined the war the British needed these Loyalists.
New boundary lines for the U.S.
Goes from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River;
Goes from Canada to Florida, where the border stopped.