Moses Austin paved the way for Anglo American colonization of Texas. He traveled to San Antonio, hoping to get a contract from Spanish authorities that would allow him to bring 300 American families to Texas. With the help of Baron de Bastrop, Austin's request for colonization was approved. He died before he could carry out his plans, however. His son, Stephen Fuller Austin, was determined to carry out his father's colonization plan.
Austin's Colony Stephen F. Austin advertised for settlers to come to his colony. He had no trouble finding colonists who wanted to obtain good farmland at a low price. In early 1822, though, the first of many problems occurred when a ship carrying colonists and supplies wrecked on Galveston Island. In addition, Mexico had become independent from Spain and did not recognize Austin's right to colonize Texas. Austin traveled to Mexico City to seek the new government's approval of his colonization contract. There he found much confusion. He also accomplished a great deal, not only gaining approval for his colony but also learning much about Mexican customs, institutions, and language. By the spring of 1825, Austin had issued titles to nearly 300 families, who would become known as the Old Three Hundred. The growing colony set up a center of government at San Felipe de Austin.
Other Empresarios The state of Coahuila y Tejas passed colonization laws requiring colonists to show evidence of good moral character and to become Roman Catholic. Many empresarios, or land agents, sought contracts to set up colonies in Texas. Austin was the most successful empresario, but others included Green DeWitt, Martín de León, James Power, James Hewetson, and Lorenzo de Zavala. The immigrants who settled in Texas represented various nationalities, including Anglo Americans, Mexicans, Irish, and African Americans. Women as well as men suffered in the hardships of early colonial life.
a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment
a detailed critical inspection
the spanish word for a land agent whose job was to bring in new settelers to an area
civilians trained as soldiers but not part of the regular army
was the man with the dream to settle 300 families in Texas - his dream was fulfilled later by his son, Steven F. Austin
Governor Antonio Martinez
The Governor that recommended Moses Austin for land in Texas- Originally Denied him Permission- Then gave it after BdB talked to him.
baron de bastrop
Dutch businessman living in San Antonio who helped Austin present his case for colonization to Governor Martinez
Sephen F. Austin
was jailed for more than 18 months for requesting more self-government for Texas.
served in the Missouri territorial legislature
a rancher and the alcalde, or mayor of the town, led Austin to Governor Martinez, helped in Stephen F. Austin's efforts to establish a colony in Texas
The ship in 1821 that was outfitted to take people and supplies to the new colony.
Washington on the brazos
site of the signing of the Texas Declaration of Independence.
Tree legged Willy. An outstanding lawyer who would soon become a leader for the Texas Independence Movement.
San Felipe de Austin
capital of Austin's colony located on Brazos River. Founded by Austin in 1824.
Governor Luciano Garcia
The patron saint of Texas that San Felipe honors.
a member of a former political party in the United States that favored a strong centralized federal government
money or property brought by a woman to her husband at marriage
the territorial and administrative division of some countries (such as France)
Agustin de Iturbide
Mexican (creole) army officer who joined forces w/ the Indians and Mestizos won mexican's independence then claimed himself emperor
Province united with Texas to form a new Mexican state
City in Mexico with a dry, comfortable climate and University center
The main town of Stephen F. Austin's Little Colony; now a city in south-central Texas The "Little Colony"
sterling c. robertson
The owner of a portion of land that intersected with "the little colony"
next to Austin, most successful empresario- Gonzales was his head quarters
Headquaters for the colony
martin de leon
The only empresario to found a Texas colony of Mexican settlers, given permission to establish a colony along the lower Guadalupe River in the town of Victoria
patricia de la garza de leon
helped her husband find the town of Victoria in 1824
lorenzo de zavala
A Texas empresario, native of Yucatan, active in Mexican politics, received contract to settle 500 families on a huge tract of land in East Texas in 1829, but never established the colony, but sold it to the Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company
Imperial colonization law
Mexican law passed in 1823 that increased land grants in Texas for ranching and farming and freed settlers from paying taxes for six years
mary austin holley
Cousin of Stephen F Austin, wrote about everyday life in Austin's colony
thomas J. Pilgrim
this man organized a Protestant Sunday school in 1829
started a boarding school for girls in 1835