The study of the patterns in the distribution of plants and animals around the world is
The theory of catastrophism
held that after a series of massive extinctions, the world was repopulated by survivors of existing species
Which of the following states is not true concerning Lamarck's theory of inheritance of acquired characteristics?
Nature selects the best adapted individuals to survive and reproduce
The place Darwin visited on his trip around the world that had the greatest impact on his thinking was
The Galapagos Islands
Darwin was influenced by which of the following concepts attributed to Charles Lyell?
The geological forces in Earth's history show predictable uniformity.
The person credited with being the codiscoverer of the theory of natural selection was
Which of the follow was not one of Darwin's observations?
Most individuals have an equal chance to survive and reproduce
The idea that fossils were the remnants of ancient forms of life was developed because
all of these.
Which of the following organisms would you expect to find preserved as a fossil?
a shelled arthropod such as a trilobite
Radiometric dating of the most ancient fossils uses the
ratio of uranium to lead in volcanic rock found with the fossils
The convergence in external morphology of sharks, penguins, and porpoises is attributed to
selection pressures that are common to these groups
Which of the following serve as examples of morphological convergence?
sharks, penguins, and porpoises
Possible evolutionary relationships, when determined solely by the study of comparative morphology, may be incorrect due to
The wings of a bird and the wings of a butterfly are ___ and show morphological _____
Which of the following would be considered more primitive based upon the structure of their limbs?
The study of early life stages has revealed the conservative nature of the genes responsible for
Comparisions of protein similarity between species can reveal the degree of genetic kinship because
specific amino acids are dictated by known nucleotide sequences
Nucleic acid hybridization studies
measure the amount of hear necessary to separate two single stands of DNA that have allowed to fuse together
The most conclusive evidence used in establishing the relationship of closely related species is
nuclic acid sequencing
Which of the following is not a useful indicator of phylogenetic relatedness?
similar ecological requirements