those not adhering to Jewish belief/practice
ancient Biblical people hostile to Israel
Ark of the Covenant
the chest containing the Two Tablets of the Law (received by Moses from God on Mt. Sinai
branches of Judaism
Eternal Light or Ner Tamid
light kept burning in the synagogue as a symbol of faith.
interpretation of a word according to the numerical values of it's letters
goy, goya, goyim
Gentile/non-Jew; used in a disparaging manner
ultra-Orthodox Jew who practices Hasidism; a strict movement originating in eastern Europe in the late 18th Century and maintaing old Polish life
the sacred language of Judaism used in the study of the scriptures
books of Jewish mysticism beginning in Roman times through the Middle Ages into Modern era
Hebrew word meaning "fit". Referring to food that is permitted according to Jewish law. No meat with dairy.
collections of classical rabbinic interpretations of the Bible; "searching" of Scripture to discover divinely encoded meaning
opponents of the Hasidic movement who criticize belief in the tzaddik (rabbi)
Yiddish term for rabbi used by Hasidim; believed to possess wondrous mediatory powers with the divine
Shabbas or Shabbot
Sabbth (sundown Friday till sundown Saturday)
horn of the ram, blown on specific religious holidays
divine instruction (all religious sources and teachings), particularly the first five books of the Bible revealed by God to Moses and embodied in the Pentateuch, as well as the oral Torah, believed to be the concurrent unwritten but revealed interpretation of written Torah.
the teaching of the Jewish law and lore presented as the discussion of the Mishnah by rabbinic sages in teh academics of Israel and the Babylonia.
a German concentration camp
a "righteous man"; the intermediary between God and men in Hasidism; the religious leader of the Hasidic sect
phylacteries; 2 black leather boxes containing 4 portions of the Pentateuch written on parchment; fastened to leather straps bound on the arm and the forehead; originally worn all day now just during morning prayer
finges on the 4 corners of prayer shawl worn by Orthodox Jewish men; Hasidic men where on outside of trousers
sing-sex traditional Jewish school devoted primarily to the study of the Talmud and rabbinic literature
vernacular (everyday language) developed in the Middle Ages as Jews moved eastward from Germany and wove together terms
political movement to reestablish a Jewish state in Israel
meaning "shining, splendor" major work of Jewish mystical tradition
speaker or writer
S: subjects O: Occasion A: audience P: Purpose S: Speaker tone
S: Statement E: Evidence E: Explanation
A tipping point
The moment of critical mass - when an idea or trend reaches the boiling point
people who "link us up with the world ... people with a special gift for bringing the world together."
"information specialists", or "people we rely upon to connect us with new information."
"persuaders", charismatic people with powerful negotiation skills
Rule of 150
"The figure of 150 seems to represent the maximum number of individuals with whom we can have a genuinely social relationship, the kind of relationship that goes with knowing who they are and how they relate to us.
Law of Few
"The success of any kind of social epidemic is heavily dependent on the involvement of people with a particular and rare set of social gifts."
A memorable act, person, or saying that makes the epidemic spread yet not able to leave.
Power of Context
"Epidemics are sensitive to the conditions and circumstances of the times and places in which they occur."
a detailed, academic way of looking at how a contagious idea or "product" or innovation moves through a population.
The 80/20 Principle
20% of the people do 80% of the work
The Broken Windows Theory
Because those two "trivial" problems were thought to be tipping points-broken windows-that invited far more serious crimes.