Final:Phil

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Of the following, our beliefs about freedom effect

All of the above

The view that freedom is an illusion and every event in the universe, including human actions, is brought about by previous events in accordance with the natural

determinism

According to d'Holbach's view, if you decide to commit suicide, what would this demonstrate regarding freedom?

Nothing

Who argued that we are free when our actions are a result of our "unimpeded rational desires?"

Schlick

Who argued that determinism cannot account for "the testimony of our direct, lived experience?"

James

Who believed that "we are condemned to be free," i.e., we are absolutely responsible to create our own meaningful existence.

Sartre

Who claimed that free choice is contingent on becoming aware of repressive forces and liberating oneself from them?

Grimshaw

The view of freedom that argues that some human actions are free if they are a result of internal motivations and not the product of external causes or influences

compatibilism

The view of freedom that claims that some events, including human actions, are not necessarily determined by previous events in accordance with the natural

indeterminism.

The view of freedom that argues that humans are able to make authentically free choices that are not determined by previous events in accordance with the natural laws that govern the universe is:

libertarianism

Belief in determinism prevents people from becoming better persons.

True

Belief in compatibilism prevents people from participating in a revolution.

False

Belief in indeterminism allows people to choose their spiritual destiny.

True

Belief in libertarianism allows people to avoid responsibility for their actions.

False

Dennett argues that freedom is an objective phenomenon distinct to humans.

True

External constraints are the limitations to our autonomy imposed by ourselves.

False

Internal constraints are the limitations imposed by our environment and circumstances.

False

Freedom is the ability to do what one wants.

false

Psychic coercion is an internal constraint that compromises one's autonomy and limits one's personal freedom.

True

To increase personal freedom, one must confront external and internal constraints, thus creating options from which to choose

True

Some events, including human actions, are not necessarily determined by previous events

Indeterminism

All events, including human actions are caused. However, some human actions are free if they are a result of internal motivations

Compatibilism

Humans are able to make authentically free choices that are not determined by previous events

Libertarianism

Every event, including human actions, is caused by previous events in accordance with the natural laws that govern the universe.

Determinism

Of the following, Socrates believed what about the soul?

It is Immortal

According to Plato, the soul consists of:

reason, physical appetite, and spirit

According to Descartes, what is the manner in which to seek the truth?

method and doubt

According to Descartes, the soul is governed by

God, laws of reason

According to Locke the mind is a

tabula rasa

Who argued that there is no self?

Hume

Who argued that we construct the self?

Kant

Who argued that mental states are brain states?

Churchland

who argued that the self is inseparable from the body's physiology?

Ryle

The Buddhist conception of annatta includes all of the following elements except

permanence

Churchland argued that (blank) will be eliminated once advances in neuroscience develop a vocabulary that will enable us to be objective about consciousness and human experience

folk psychology

the study of the ultimate characteristics of reality or existence is

metaphysics

the study of moral values and principles

ethics

the branch of philosophy that seeks to establish the rules for correct reasoning and valid arguments

Logic

The study of knowledge

epistemology

the study of beauty, art, and taste

aesthetics

Irony is a form of rhetoric that has at least two conflicting meanings

true

Socrates believed 'the truth lies within us'

true

Socrates believed it was better to suffer wickedness than to commit it

true

Socrates believed 'no one unknowingly does evil'

false

Socrates believed 'we should strive for excellence in all areas of life'

false

Socrates was committed to making our actions reflect our convictions

true

Thales argued that water is the primary substance

true

Heraclitus argued that all things are in a constant state of changed and the universe is governed by LOGOS

true

Parmenides argued that reality is changing

false

reality is unchanging and eternal and change is an illusion

Parmenides

Air is the primary substance

Anaximenes

The universe is composed of matter and governed by nouse

Anaxagoras

all things are in a constant state of change and the universe is governed by logos

Heraclitus

the fundamental principles of the universe are mathematical relations

Pythagoras

all matter is composed of indivisible atoms

Democritus

the unexamined life is not worth living

Socrates

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