5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- edward gibbon
- Georges-Jacques Danton
- code napoleon
- louis xvi
- a was the French civil code created by Napoleon in 1804. Under this code all priviliges received from birth were done away with, had tolerace (the freedom of religion), and government jobs go to the most qualified. It was the first modern legal code to be adopted with a European feel. It influenced many of the countries law created after the Napoleonic War. This code, with its stress on well written and accessible laws helped in aiding the damage of feudalism. This was one of the few codes that influenced the whole world.
- b was a historian in England in the mid-1700s. He was born in Surrey into a wealthy family, although he was a sickly child and all of his siblings died. The love of his life ended up marrying someone else, so he never married. He is best known for his work The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, which was published in 1776 to 1788 in 6 different volumes. He also sat in the House of Commons in 1774 and 1783.
- c was born on October 26, 1759. became a successful lawyer and by 1787 he went on to become an advocate of the Royal Council. In 1790, he founded the Cordeliers Club, which was a revolutionary group. With all of the unrest of France because of King Louis IV, he soon came to the conclusion that there was no way a revolution would not happen. He was also a member of the Jacobin Club. influenced the attack on the Tuileries which resulted in the king and queen's imprisonment. was among the group of people that suggested and voted on killing the king. became the first president of the Committee of Public Safety in April of 1793. In the same year, he and others began the Reign of Terror. is still considered one of the best leaders of the Revolution that overthrew the French monarchy. Unfortunately, Danton was killed on the guillotine on April 5, 1794 after being accused of trying to rebuild the French monarchy.
- d was born in 1754 into the French royal family. At the age of 15, he married the 14 year old Marie Antoinette in the hopes that it would repair the weak relationship between France and Austria. From the time he took the throne in 1774 until the start of the French Revolution, he ruled as a very indecisive yet still powerful absolute monarch. During the Revolution, the people viewed him as the symbol of what needed to be changed in France. After trying to flee France during the rebellion, he was tried for treason and sentenced to house arrest for the rest of his life. Later, he would be executed by the guillotine leaving behind the opportunity for the rebels to start their new monarchy under the Constitution. (Peeler)
- e was a French philosopher born in Bordeaux, France in January of 1689, and he lived until February of 1755. did a lot for France, and it's government. His favorite form of government was a constitutional monarchy with different types of government to suit the situations of all the countries, depending on their size, soil, population... divided the government into three sections(monarch, republic, and despot) and believed that no type of government was superior to the others. was greatly influenced by the English system of government. He helped in the issuing of checks and balances, so that the king would not have all the power. was a philosopher during the Enlightenment, so his influences began during the time period of the Enlightenment. However, many of his influences still affect the government today. He was a French philosopher, and therefore his influences were in France. was a philosopher and voiced his opinion because he believed that separating political powers and restricting the king's power by a system of checks and balances would greatly improve France's government.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- was born in Merey in 1694 and went to be a surgeon's apprentice at the age of 16. A little while after that, he went to Paris to study and learn medicine. He ended up being surgeon ordinary to the king and then stayed permentantly at Versailles, studying under Mme. de Pompadour. M. de Gournay, an economist Quesnay became aquainted with, helped him found the Economistes, a philosophic sect which was later called the Physiocrates. He published the Tableau economique (Economic Tables) in 1758, and also coined the term "laissez-faire,laissez-passser.
- was an astronomer who developed the modern view of the solar system. His observations of the heavens were the most accurate and precise. One day he observed a comet that passed through the solar system without "shattering" the supposed spheres. From this observation, he created the theory that maybe the planets did not revolved around the sun in a circle, but rather in an ellipse-like shape. He also discovered that there were more heavily bodies further than the moon.
- is known as "the father of the science of political economy." He provided tremendously intellectual explanations for the interactions, prosperity, and impacts of the Brititsh economy in the 18th century. Originally being a popular, young professor at Glasglow, Smith became extremely interested in studying society and all of its aspects. Also known as moral philosophy, Smith invested a large majority of his time in investigating the field of ethics, jurisprudence, economics, politics, and religion, where he left a tremendous mark through his findings. With his research, Smith began writing speeches and giving lectures on his new lasting ideas that soon became extremely influential and respected. In 1759, his book, The Theory of Moral Sentiments, was published and is responsible for beginning Smith's fame-filled lifestyle. Smith had ideas in the form of "synthesising" the perspectives of the social region and interpreting the power by which it functions. In dealing with his views on the economy and its success, Smith was a strong supporter in "laissez-faire." Through this system, Smith encouraged members of society to discourage the involvement of government, hoping for a highly noninterference way of individual conduct. This idea, of a self-regulating economy, greatly veered away from the previously accepted thought; however, many people soon turned to this form of economical development. Furthermore, he advocated the opportunity and ability of all people, despite class, to make contributions to the society's economy. With another book in 1776, the Wealth of Nations, Adam Smith became an iconic figure in the 19th century and throughout history. His book spread globally, as he soon gained the reputation of being an "intellectual giant" who made lasting contributions to the British economical system.
- A body of five directors that were in control from November, 1795 until November, 1799. They shared the powers of head of state. This governing body preceded the consulate and came after the convention and the virtual rule of the Committee of Public Safety when the Robespierre and the Jacobins ruled.
- As a young child was abandoned at a young age and became a wanderer. He migrated to France and lived with a woman who had a major influence over all of his philosophical views. He was was raised my a Catholic woman, Madame Louise. He had many ideas about society and believed that men were born good, but then corrupted by society. He was an advocate for education and school. Rousseau also believed that you learn by doing and from all your experiences that you experience. He wanted the dissemination of knowledge and the search for freedom. His contributions were Emile which talked about let children grow and "learn and do" and the Social Contract which stated all were "born free" meaning they are all
5 True/False Questions
glorious revolution → was born in 1754 into the French royal family. At the age of 15, he married the 14 year old Marie Antoinette in the hopes that it would repair the weak relationship between France and Austria. From the time he took the throne in 1774 until the start of the French Revolution, he ruled as a very indecisive yet still powerful absolute monarch. During the Revolution, the people viewed him as the symbol of what needed to be changed in France. After trying to flee France during the rebellion, he was tried for treason and sentenced to house arrest for the rest of his life. Later, he would be executed by the guillotine leaving behind the opportunity for the rebels to start their new monarchy under the Constitution. (Peeler)
national assembly → served during the French Revolution as a transition between the old Estates General and the new body formed in the Constitution called the National Constituent Assembly. The Assembly formed when the Estates General was called in 1789 to deal with the problems with taxing in France at the time. They felt that the third estate was not well represented in the Estates General because they got the same amount of votes as the first and second even though they made up the vast majority of the population. The men involved took the Tennis Court oath saying that they refused to disband until a Constitution was written. Throughout the Revolution, the Assembly passed many influential decrees, like the August 4th Decrees and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen. These men were the leaders of the push for change in France. Finally, when the new Constitution was made, the Assembly dissolved itself to make room for the new National Constituent Assembly
voltaire → born May 24, 1743 in Prussia, was a tremendous advocate of the beliefs and aspects fought for during the French Revolution. He was a journalist, politician, public speaker, and "fiery character." His passion carried his desire for change and positive reforms vigorously into the minds of people during the French Revolution period. Additionally, it has been said that "Marat's radical denunciations of counter-revolutionaries supported much of the violence that occurred during the wartime phases of the French Revolution." Obviously a tremendous supporter of the French Revolution, Marat made lasting contributions to his followers through his writings of inevitable passion, persistence, and stamina. His fiery thoughts on needed change for the Third Estate spread throughout France, making him one of the most radical and extreme leaders during the Revolution.
Francis Bacon → was born on January 22, 1561. At the age of 23, began a career in law. He eventually began writing all of his theories down and he did most of his work in the early 17th century. He was very involved in the development of scientific method. He believed in observing things with one's senses. Once he had the idea, he began to gradually work towards a more specific goal. He also established an inductive approach where everything would be tested and analyzed in order to be proven true. Bacon eventually got in trouble and was put in the Tower of London and he died in 1626 while still awaiting pardon from the new king.
Maximilien Robespierre → was born in Arras, France on May 6, 1758. He is one of the best known and most influential figures of the French Revolution. He was in command of the Committee of Public Safety and was active during the period of the French Revolution known as the Reign of Terror. His activeness during the Reign of Terror ultimately led to his arrest and execution. was largely influenced by the philosophes, Rousseau and Montesquieu. He was called "The incorruptible," by his supporters, and his opponents called him a bloodthirsty dictator