Animals part 4

Created by jeslynngreen 

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adaptation

inherited charateristic that increases an organisms chance of survival

amniotic egg

egg composed of shell and membranes that create a protected enviorment in wich the embryo can develop out of the water

anthropoid

humanlike primate

binocular vision

ability to merge visual images from both eyes, wich provides depth perception and a three-dimensional veiw of the world

bipedal

term used to refer to two-footed locomotion

camouflage

the act of concealing the identity of something by modifying its appearance

carapace

in crustaceans, the part of the exoskeleton that covers the cephalothorax

cerebral cortex

outer layer of the cerebrum of a mammal's brain

crop

in earthworms, part of the digestive system in wich food can be stored

diversity

difference, variety; a condition of having many different types of forms

ectotherm

animal that relies on interactions with the enviorment to help it control body temperature

endotherm

animal that generates its own body heat and controls its body temperature

gizzard

in earthworms, part of the digestive system in wich food is ground into smaller peices

hibernation

cessation from or slowing of activity during the winter

hominid

primate that walks upright, has opposable thumbs and possesses a large brain

hominoid

member of a group of primates that includes apes and humans

locomotion

self-propelled movement

mammals

vertebrates that live on land, fur or hair covers body, live birth, warm blooded

mammary gland

gland in mammals that produces milk to nourish the young

marsupial

mammal wich bears live young that complete their development in an external pouch

migration

periodic movement and return of animals from one place to another

mimicry

the resemblance of an animal species to another species or to natural objects

monotreme

egg-laying mammal

opposable thumb

thumb that enabels grasping objects and using tools

placenta

organ in placmental mammals through wich nutrients, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and waste are exchanged between embryo and mother

plastron

ventral part of a turtle's or tortoise's shell

prosimians

with few execeptions, small, nocturnal primate that has large eyes for seeing in the dark

reptiles

any vertabrate that has dry scaly skin, lungs, and terrestrial eggs with several protective membranes

subcutaneous fat

layer of fat cells beneath the skin

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