← Biology- Photosynthesis, Energy, and Respiration Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All What does ATP do? It transfers energy from the breakdown of food molecules to cell processes. What is ATP made of? Three phosphate groups. ADP Lower energy molecule that results when the third phosphate group is removed from ATP. How many ATP result in the breakdown of glucose? 36 Chemosynthesis A process by which organisms use chemical energy to make energy-storing carbon-based molecules. What are some types of sunlight? ultraviolet, microwaves, and visible light. Chlorophyll Molecule in chloroplasts that absorbs energy in visible light. How many types of chlorophyll are there? a, b, green Grana Stacks of thylakoids. Stroma Liquid that engulfs the grand. Thylakoids Small coin-shaped, membrane-enclosed compartments. Light Dependent Reactions -Capture energy form sunlight. -Reactions take place within the membrane of thylakoids. -Water and sunlight are needed for this stage Light Independent Reactions -These reactions occur in the stroma. -CO2 are needed during this stage. -CO2 is added to buid larger molecules. Photosystem A process in photosynthesis in which light is absorbed to perform processes. ATP & NADPH Energy processes. Electron Transport Chain A series of proteins in the membrane of a thylakoid. ATP Synthase The protein channel in which enzymes flow through. Calvin Cycle Uses carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and the energy carried by the ATP and NADPH to make simple sugars. Cellular Respiration Releases chemical energy from sugars and other carbon-based molecules to make ATP when oxygen is present. Aerobic Takes place in the mitochondria. Glycolysis Splits glucose into 2 3-carbon molecules and makes 2 molecules of ATP.