Civilization in Eastern Europe: Byzantium and Orthodox Europe: AP World History Chapter 9

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The 2 Major Civilizations in Eastern Europe

Byzantium and Western Europe

What religion was Byzantium?

Orthodox Christianity

What religion was Western Europe?

Catholicism

What were the similarities between Byzantium and Western Europe?

1. Influenced by Islam
2. Civilizations spread northward
3. Polytheism gave way to monotheism
a. Some syncretism - old religious beliefs maintained
4. Northern areas struggled for political definition
5. New trading activities
6. Looked back to Greco-Roman past - borrowed

What were the differences between Byzantium and Western Europe?

1. Different, sometimes hostile versions of Christianity
2. Little mutual contact
a. Trade didn't go east/west
3. East more advanced politically, culturally, economically

What was the origin of Byzantium?

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