Death Battalion of 1917
All Women battalion fought in WWI for Russia. Created to encourage men to fight
Royal family that ruled Russia for over 300 years that was overthrown and killed by Lenin
young poet with Romantic view of the war who was finding his voice. commissioned as a 2nd lieutenant in the 2nd manchester regiment on the somme. came in the middle of winter. went to Craiglockart and made friends with Sassoon. went back to war and died in war
wrote "The Soldier" which focused on Great Britain idealism and nationalism
-WWI protest poet who suggested it could be in a soldiers benefit to self inflict a wound rather than fight in the trenches
Woodrow Wilson's 14 points
o "peace without victors"
o Freedom of seas
o International peace keeping organization
Social Democratic Party
German Party in late 1870s that were committed to a Marxist critique of capitalism and cooperation with other socialist parties internationally. Bismark saw them as threat to stability of Germany and outlawed the party, although candidates stood for election. Socialist strength steadily grew.
Fighting with trenches, mines, and barbed wire. Horrible living conditions, great slaughter, no gains, stalemate, used in WWI.
Weapons of WWI
tanks, machine guns, grenades, poisonous gas, artillary, airplanes
a battle in World War I (1916)
A five-month offensive between July and November 1916 in the Somme river area in France. It began with a massive week-long British artillery barrage that proved futile, since the Germans just sheltered in their dug-outs until the shelling stopped, then machine-gunned waves of British troops who were crossing no-man's land. On the first day alone the British lost 60,000 men. The battle ended in a stalemate, after torrential rain turned the trenches into a quagmire. There were more than 650,000 casualties on both sides, and although British had relieved the French at Verdun, they had only advanced about five miles.
ancient region and Roman province of the Iberian peninsula
March 1917. Sent from German Foreign Secretary, addressed to German minister in Mexico City. Mexico should attack the US if US goes to war with Germany (needed that advantage due to Mexico's promixity to the US). In return, Germany would give back Tex, NM, Arizona etc to Mexico.
Treaty of Versailles 1919
ended World War I; it was much harder on Germany than Wilson wanted but not as punitive as France and England desired. It was harsh enough, however, to set stage for Hitler's rise of power in Germany in 1930s.
Allowed Countries to Determine their type of government
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations