a lower risk of disease
Abstinence can lead to..
physcial, mental/emotional, and social health
The three elements of health
what influence on health cannot be changed?
affect your friends and family
What can your personal behavior do?
the combination of physical, mental/emotional, and social well-being.
practicing health and safety habits to remain free of disease and injury
the sum of your surroundings
an overall state of well-being
all the traits that were biologically passed on to you from your parents
avoiding harmful behaviors
What is a lifestyle factor that promotes good health?
tobacco use, not wearing safety belts, and physical inactivity
3 person risk behaviors are..
it is constantly changing
the dynamic nature of our health means that..
burn more calories
during exercise what do you do?
what does being physically fit do?
the ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to provide fuel and oxygen to the cells of the body during long period of vigorous activity is called..
the ratio of body fat to lean body tissue
what does energy come from?
when designing an activity that is beneficial to the heart and lungs, it is LEAST important for the activity to be..
an example of an anaerobic exercise
units of heat that measure the energy value of food
quick, jerky movement
while stretching you should avoid..
during exercise, what does your metabolic rate do?
concerns the range of motion
what does flexibility do?
Exercise should be done at least three times a week for how long?
The target heart rate is what percent of the maximum heart rate?
a possible effect of muscle cramps
taking in fluids so that the body functions properly
what is a sprain an injury to?
fat soluble vitamins
What are vitamins A, D, E, and K?
fat should account for no more than what percent of the calories you eat each day?
this is not digested
on a label, the first item listed is usually the greatest by what?
what is simple sugar absorbed by the blood?
solid or semisolid
at room temperature, what state are saturated fats?
these add color
the bodys preferred source of food energy
the most important meal of the day
the nutrient that supplies the most energy
9 calories per gram
how much does fat supply?
4 calories per gram
how many calories do proteins have?
what are allergens usually?
units to measure energy
what are carbohydrates stored in the form of?
organisms that cause disease
a physical need for food
the nutrient that makes up the greatest percentage of the body
fats are a type of..
females in their teens and 20s
most anorexics are how old?
high carbohydrates, low fat, and protein
a good pregame meal for athletes
very large amounts of dietary supplements
increase your calorie intake
a strategy for healthy weight gain
it prevents an electrolyte imbalance
why is it important to keep hydrated?
excessive fat tissue is a sign of this..
purge themselves by vomiting
people with bulimia often do this
foods high in nutrients but low in calories
the best fluid replacement during exercise
how much does 3,500 calories equal?
being above normal weight
an eating disorder marks by vomitng and the use of laxatives
a smart weight control plan involves not losing more than how much weight per week?
the fear of being fat
both anorexia nervosa and bulimia are this
what is not a good idea on how to lose weight?
avoiding food for periods of time
your bodys response to stress engages both the nervous system and this system.
the kind of fatigue that can result from constant worry, boredom, or isolation
identify the cause
the first step in dealing effectively with stress
a prolonged feeling of helplessness, hopelessness, and sadness
a way that most people deal with stress, but it is not an affective way
personal behavior stressor
negative reactions in the body and mind caused by using tobacco, alcohol, or other drugs
another name for the body's alarm response
another name for pink eye
increased pressure in the eyeball
the sticky, colorless film that acts with sugar to destroy tooth enamel and irritate gums
an infection cause by bacteria in the gland of the eye
a person who cannot see distant objects clearly
a hearing loss caused by overexposure to loud noise
the clouding of a lens
spots that contain extra melanin
a condition that leads to permanent loss of vision
forms when a hair follicle becomes infected with bacteria
occurs when the bacteria in plaque produces acids that destroy tooth enamel
high blood pressure
a cause of tinnitus
what percent of adult smokers started when they were teens?
3 times more likely
the children of smokers are how much more likely to smoke?
what does the tar contained in tobacco smoke do?
acts as a stimulant, the addictive drug in cigarettes
tobacco that is held in the mouth
the smoke a smoker blows off
what does smoking do to blood vessels?
the destruction of air sacs through which oxygen is absorbed
how many cancer causing chemicals does tobacco smoke contain?
a colorless, odorless, poisonous gas in cigarettes
smoke that comes from the burning tobacco
alcoholism has how many clearly defined stages?
drinking five or more alcoholic drinks at a sitting
the process by which the body breaks down substances
becoming intoxicated regularly
the first stage of alcoholism
a severe and potentially fatal physical reaction to an alcohol overdose
the main type of alcohol in beer, wine, and liquor
a chemical need
occurs when scar tissue forms
a life out of control
stage three of alcoholism
produce more urine
alcohol causes the kidneys to do what?
children born with fetal alcohol syndrome tend to be what?
the multiplier effect
when alcohol affects the action of another drug or medicine being taken
to avoid peer pressure
the most common reason teens choose to drink
physical and psychological dependance on alcohol
slows it down
what does alcohol do to the brain?
the most common medicines used today
the effects that occur when a person stops taking medicine on which they have become dependent on
when the body become used to the effects of a medicine and requires larger doses to produce the same effect
when medicines work together in a positive way
blood fluids that contain antibodies and act more quickly than vaccines
the interaction of two or more medicines resulting in a greater effect than any medicine taken independently
when the effect of one medicine is weakened or canceled by another medicine
the antibiotic that kills a wide variety of bacteria
medicines that kill or reduce harmful bacteria
medicines that can be bought without a doctors prescription
the federal agency that regulated the use of medicine
used to treat fungi
a disease caused by aspirin
drugs that slow the central nervous system
the smokable form of cocaine
drugs that alter moods, thoughts, and senses. do not have a medical use
drugs that affect the central nervous system, causing mental or behavioral changes
a drug with a very painful withdrawal
a drug that causes aggressiveness and baldness
the type of drug heroin is
gasoline and glues are examples of this
speed the central nervous system
a drug that interferes with the immune system and testosterone levels
synthetic substances similar to the male hormone testosterone
a stimulant that can cause heart attacks
synthetic substances made to imitate the effects of hallucinogens
a depressant better known as the date rape drug
an anesthetic used for medical purses, mostly in treating animals
a combination stimulant and hallucinogen
proteins that act against specific antigens
kills invading pathogens
rocky mountain spotted fever is caused by this
polio is prevented by administering this
inactive toxins used as a vaccine
causes changes in lymphosytes
single-celled organisms that are longer and more complex than bacteria, malaria and african sleeping sickness are caused by this
pieces of genetic material, colds and the flu are caused by this
a specialized white blood cell
lymphocytes that produce antibodies are..
natural resistance to disease
one- celled microscopic organisms
a substance that kills cells and interferes with their functions
during the immune response, certain types of white blood cells react to these
killer T cells
a type of lymphocyte that attacks and destroys infected body cells
four weeks to six months
how long does it take for most people to form HIV antibodies?
fever and body aches
the first symptoms of HIV infection
the virus continues to grow and can be transmitted to other during this stage of HIV
increasing in teens
in the US, the rate of new aids cases is..
enter the bloodstream
to infect a person, what must HIV do?
a test for HIV
a test for HIV infection
where are white blood cells made?
effects the heart and blood vessels
pain in a joint, one of the most common medical problems in the world
the force of blood against the walls of the blood vessels
a tissue mass
food is changed to this in the body
the spread of cancer
thickening of the arteries, when fatty deposits line the artery walls
after age 40
type II diabetes usually occurs at what age?
the most common form of arthritis
a heart attack
when blood flow to the heart is restricted, what occurs?
cancer hat affects the blood-forming organs
the leading cause of blindness in adults
the removal of a small piece of tissue for examination
shortness of breath, chest tightness, or wheezing can signal..
the bronchial tubes of people with asthma are sensitive to these certain substances