Chapter 5

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11 terms

Athens

Acropolis; trade and education; beginning of democracy; Draconian rule- harsh

Solon the Archon

Archon means ruler; outlawed slavery for debt; direct democracy

Cliesthenes

reconstructed society; ten groups based on where they lived; allowed citizens to submit laws for debate; council of 500; emphasized education; democracy

Sparta

military; on the Peloponnesus

Helot

slave owned by the state

Persian wars

Greeks vs. Persians Battle were- Marathon; Thermopylae where Spartans defeated by the persians by betrayal; and Salamis was the great naval battle where Xerxes was defeated

Result of Persian

Athens leads Delian league and emeregs as dominant in Greece; Athens golden age

Peloponnesian War

a war in which Athens and its allies were defeated by the league centered on Sparta; End of Athens golden age

Division of Persian Empire

Ptomely took egypt; Antigonus took Macedonia and Greece; Selucid tok most of the old Persian Empire

Hellenistic culture

Persian, Egpytian and indian influnce

Alexandria

Foremost center of Commerce and Hellenistic Civilization

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