World Civ 1

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100 questions for the final

9th century aranian math mathematician created?

Algebra and a map

It can be said that Islamic society is how?

Relied heavily on religious doctrine

What did Mohammed teach about the religion?

Islam was not just a religion it was the culture, and the civilization based on faith.

Mohammad was what?

Allah's Prophet

What is Islam?

Monotheistic-means submission

What was the jihad?

Holy Wars-striving in the way of the lord a practice which grew out of the bedouin traditions.

According to Islamic belief, what did Allah give mohammad?

final revelation submission to the will of Allah

What was the kaaba?

Sacred shrine of Islam-A massive black meteorite housed in a central shrine.

What is the Koran?

Ethical guidebook, code of law, political theory and was derivd verbally from Gabriel-Mohammad's revelations, scribes

The ruling member of a bedwin tribe was called what?

Skeikh

What was African culture noted for?

Bardes who kept communal history and religious beliefs

Slavery in Africa went back to ancient times long before the arrival of what people?

Europeans

Where do we find the great iron working culture of northern Iberia?

Nok culture

The Sahara desert was

area that was green and flourished w life

The ancient Ethiopian civ adopted what form of Christianity?

Coptic Christianity

Name of the ancient civ of what today is known as Ethiopia?

Axum

What about the vast grass lands of the Sahara desert?

Savanahs

What geographical obstacle divides Africa from the rest of the continent?

Sahara desert

What is the great river that dominates the hump of Africa?

Niger River

What is the greatest desert on earth?

Sahara desert

Carved stone pillars that were used to mark tombs as kings wat r they called?

The Stele

The lowest and most basic african social grouping?

The nuclear family unit

In rural India what was a major crop grown?

A great deal of cotton

In medieval India, what were the major exports?

Rice, spices, fruits, sugarcane, cotton

Muslim rule in India reserved most of the high posts in the central government and the provinces for what group of people?

Government officials, artisans, or merchants catering to the needs of the court.

India classical age was?

Gupta

The Indian sea route used by Romans to ship silk back to Rome expanded when and for what reason?

1st Century C.E., the patterns of the monsoon winds in the Indian Ocean

Who were the first migrants in Southeast Asia in 1st millennium of the Common Era?

Burmese, Thai

What is Sikhism?

Tried to blend Islam and Hinduism

Major differences between China and late medieval Europe were that the Chinese made many technological advances such as the compass and block printing, but were less interested

In scientific inquiry

Of the 3 philosophies was competed in china which won?

Confucianism triumphed because it adhered to the Chinese social need to support the concepts of hard work and filial piety

In terms of its relation with neighboring powers, song what did they?

Met their ultimate demise at the hands of the Mongols.

As a result of tang rule what happened w Buddhist influence?

It helped produce a blossoming at the hands of the Mongols

The Sui dynasty completed what?

The new Grand Canal system connecting the yellow to the Yangtze River valleys

After the fall of the Han dynasty and before Sui dynasty what happened in china?

Chinese literature was stimulated by the invention of paper

Japanese poetry? What did it express?

Themes in simple forms designed to create a general mood

The earliest inhabitants of Japan were who?

Joman

The Japanese haiku focused on images from where?

Nature

Meaning pot scenery the Japanese many atour plant is called

bonsai.

Japans people r a mixture of what people?

From various parts of Asia and beyond.

Agriculture in japan was changed by the intro of what?

Rice cultivation about 400 B.C.E.

Who r the genin?

Were landless laborers who could be bought and sold by owners of the land.

What is the bakafu system?

Was the centralized government under the shogun.

What was the name of the Japanese military officials who were supposed to protect patrons and their property?

Samurai

Way of the warrior's street code was called what name?

The strict code of the Japanese retainer was called bushido

The essence of the Shogunate system was that government power became centralized under the Shogun

while the emperor ruled in name only.

The Japanese word for divine wind?

Kamikaze

Who are the samurai?

Were similar to the medieval European knights.

What is Shinto?

Involves the performance of rituals acts usually performed at a shrine.

The Buddhist sec that taught devotion and enlightenment was called what?

Pure land

The Japanese Zen term for enlightenment what?

Satori

The religious figure martyred in his own cathedral?

Abbot Suger

The Slavs were divided into two religious groups. What were they?

Western and Eastern Slavs

The medieval religious order noted for living among common people and administering to the poor?

Franciscans

The first gothic church was constructed where?

Paris

What Viking discovered Greenland?

Erik the red

Who was the pope who authorized the first crusade?

Pope Urban II

The 4th crusade resulted in the fall of what?

Byzantine or Palestine

In 800 Charlemagne was crowned?

Charles the Great

The early medieval church in the west was what monk that developed a more organized monastic structure?

saint Benedict

What did christen monasteries serve as?

Centers for learning

Monotheism in medieval Europe included who?

women

The Asian people defeated at ledge field est the kingdom of hungry?

Magyars

Why was the Scandinavian Viking successful at going to other parts of Europe?

Had best ships

The element of feudalism was symbolized in relationship involving who?

Lord and Vessel

The piece of land that provided the feudal vassal's economic support was what?

Fief

How did vassals generate there income?

The land-Fief

13th century the institusionalation of the english parliament what did it do? System of power shared by whom?

The 2 Knights and 2 burgessess

The dynasty that restored byzantine 9th cen power was who?

Macedonian

Iconoclasm outlawed what?

The use of Icons

In the aftermath of the 4th crusade the former Byzantine Empire was what?

Latin Empire of Constantinople

In 1453 the Byzantine Empire fell to who?

Ottoman turks

Advantage that the Ottoman had against Constantinople

was gun powder.

As a result of the Black Death increase in what?

Anti-Semitism and social unrest

Black Death spread by what?

Fleas carrying Yersiniapelstis

The Mongols spread the plague w trade where?

The silk road

By end 100 years French gained victory because of what?

Cannon and gun powder

Boniface the 8th was forced to do what?

Flee in the face of a French take over

The great schism saw 2 people claiming to be what?

Pope

The divine beauty of the sealing figures of the 16 chapels is reflection of the Neo-Platonism painted by

Michael Angelo

Michael Angelo also sculpted the statue of

David.

The painter famous for Madonna was who?

Raphael

In the 15th century the Roman Empire consisted of

100 ind states largely independent.

The Orthodox Church had its greatest missionary success with

the Russians.

The Renaissance began in

Italy.

What revolutionized warfare in the early middle Ages?

The stirrups

Korea adopted Chinese institutions in order to

facilitate political centralization.

Another Japanese cultural contribution representing a fusion of Zen and aesthetics is the

tea ceremony.

In the early Hainan court, Japanese poetry was

the means of communication between lovers.

The class of hereditary slaves who performed degrading occupations was the

eta.

_________ are subject to violent earthquakes because of the nearness to the Asian and Pacific tectonic plates.

The Japanese islands

Identify the four Japanese Islands.

Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku

Buddhism was brought to China by merchants from

India.

The most effective expression of literature from the Tang to the Ming dynasties was in the form of

poetry.

The founder of the Mongol empire was

Genghis Khan.

What are the two major geographic components of Southeast Asia?

A mainland region extending southward from the Chinese border down to the tip of the Malay peninsula and an extensive archipelago, most of which is part of present day Indonesia and the Philippines.

It could be said of the medieval Indian culture what were their most important artistic contributions?

Buddhist cave temples and monasteries

What factor served as the most significant and potent inhibitor of commercial development in medieval India was what?

Class systems

Justinian's most lasting accomplishment was?

Code of law

7th century greatest danger came from who?

Byzantine Empire

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