An Introduction to Human Geography: The Cultural Landscape (Rubenstein): chapter 13 vocabulary terms

25 terms by sfurcron 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Annexation

process of legally adding land area to a city.

Concentric zone model

model created by EW Burgess in 1923, which explains that a city grows outward from a central area in a series of concentric rings, like the growth rings on a tree.

Density gradient

density change in an urban area.

Edge city

city around a beltway that is a node of consumer and business services

Filtering

process of subdivision of houses and occupancy by successive waves of lower-income people.

Gentrification

process by which middle-class people move into deteriorated inner-city neighborhoods and renovate the housing.

Greenbelts

rings of open space. New housing is built in the older suburbs within the rings and planned extensions, small towns, and new towns are built beyond the rings.

Megalopolis

Greek word for "great city." Region described as an MSA that may overlap and cause several large metropolitan areas to come so close together that they form one continuous urban complex.

MSA (metropolitan statistical area)

area studied using a method created by the US Bureau of the Census that measures the functional area of a city.

MSA (micropolitan statistical area)

smaller urban areas that the census has designated to include in part of their measure.

Multiple nuclei model

model created by CD Harris and EL Ullman in 1945, which explains that a city is a complex structure that includes more than one center around which activities revolve.

Peripheral model

model created by Chauncey Harris, which describes how an urban area consists of an inner city surrounded by large suburban residential and business areas tied together by a beltway or ring road.

Public housing

housing provided to low-income households, who pay 30% of their income as rent for the housing.

Redlining

drawing of lines on a map to identify areas in which banks will refuse to loan money.

Renovated housing

housing maintained as result of the alternative to demolishing houses.

Sector model

theory developed by land economist Homer Hoyt in 1939, which explains that a city develops in a series of sectors rather than rings.

Smart growth

legislation and regulations to limit suburban sprawl and preserve farmland.

Sprawl

what US suburbs are characterized by; the progressive spread of development over the landscape.

Squatter settlement

settlement where a large percentage of poor immigrants to urban areas in LDCs live because of a housing shortage.

Underclass

what inner-city residents are frequently referred to because they are trapped in an unending cycle of economic and social problems.

Urban renewal

something under which cities identify blighted inner-city neighborhoods, acquire the properties from private owners, relocate the residents and businesses, clear the site, and build new roads and utilities.

Zone in transition

name given to the second ring of the concentric zone model, which surrounds the CBD, in the concentric zone model. This place typically contains industry and poor-quality housing.

Zoning ordinances

rules developed in Europe and North America in the 20th century that encouraged spatial separation. They also prevented mixing of land uses within the same district.

Galactic city

mini edge city that is connected to another city by beltways or highways.

Scattered site

site in which dwellings are dispersed throughout the city rather than clustered in a large project.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set