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final

Which of the following is not a function of the family?
a. sexual regulation
b. reproduction
c. religious placement
d. socialization
e. social placement

c

Crime differs from deviance because crime
a. is always more serious than deviance.
b. is always less serious than deviance.
c. involves a larger share of the population.
d. violates written laws.
e. violates rules about behavior that is seen as sinful or immoral.

d

Larry completed a project at work two days earlier than he originally planned. Larry's boss congratulated him and his co-workers gave him "high fives" when they saw him. Larry was experiencing
a. informal social controls.
b. formal social controls.
c. external sanctions.
d. positive sanctions.
e. negative sanctions.

d

Communists are an example of a/n
a. alternative social movement.
b. reformative social movement.
c. redemptive social movement.
d. resistance social movement.
e. revolutionary social movement.

e

Hank lives in northern Michigan and participates in a paramilitary group. They oppose the federal government and plan to replace it with their own form of government. According to Merton, Hank is a/n
a. conformist.
b. innovator.
c. ritualist.
d. retreatist.
e. rebel.

e

Which two symbolic interaction theories are among the best known in explaining crime and deviance?
a. feminist theories and differential association
b. labeling and differential association
c. labeling and feminist theories
d. strain and labeling
e. differential association and strain

b

Those who support a(n) ____ model believe that crime rates increase when offenders don't fear punishment.
a. crime control
b. sanction
c. strain
d. prevention
e. outreach

a

A ____ is a large, organized activity to promote or resist some particular social change in society.
a. collective
b. public
c. craze
d. riot
e. social movement

e

"The family controls who has intimate relationships with whom and under what circumstances." This statement represents which function of the family?
a. sexual regulation
b. reproduction and socialization
c. social placement
d. economic security
e. emotional support

a

For sociologists, age is a
a. social construction.
b. purely biological phenomenon.
c. psychological state.
d. legal definition.
e. none of these

a

Victimless crimes include
a. drug use and prostitution.
b. arson and burglary.
c. child pornography and kidnapping.
d. homicide and manslaughter.
e. none of these

a

____ is a socially approved mating relationship.
a. Marriage
b. A wedding
c. A nuptial
d. Cohabitation
e. Dating

a

____ deviance is the deviant behavior that emerges as the result of others' responses.
a. Major
b. Minor
c. Primary
d. Secondary
e. Tertiary

d

Mothers Against Drunk Driving is an example of a/n
a. alternative social movement.
b. reformative social movement.
c. redemptive social movement.
d. resistance social movement.
e. revolutionary social movement.

b

A ____ is a highly emotional and disorderly crowd that uses force or violence against a specific target.
a. crowd
b. craze
c. mob
d. riot
e. public

c

Born-again Christians are an example of a/n
a. alternative social movement.
b. reformative social movement.
c. redemptive social movement.
d. resistance social movement.
e. revolutionary social movement.

c

Dalton works at a local retail store. He is paid for a 40-hour week, but frequently works overtime without pay and calls on the weekends to "check in." Which form of deviance is Dalton exhibiting?
a. criminal deviance
b. primary deviance
c. secondary deviance
d. positive deviance
e. negative deviance

d

The majority of people arrested in the United States are
a. white.
b. black.
c. American Indian or Asian American.
d. Latino.
e. The arrest rates are similar across all racial and ethnic groups.

a

____ is/are stories that supposedly happened to someone else.
a. Rumors
b. Gossip
c. Urban legends
d. Fashions
e. Fads

c

Americans are postponing marriage because singles are spending more time in higher education. This statement illustrates a/n ____ factor.
a. developmental
b. individual-level
c. demographic
d. intrapersonal
e. macro-level

c

"Having children contributes to a country's population." This statement represents which function of the family?
a. sexual regulation
b. reproduction and socialization
c. social placement
d. economic security
e. emotional support

b

Which of the following statements about crime and arrests is true?
a. There are more arrests for victimless crimes than for property crimes.
b. There are more arrests for property crimes than for violent crimes.
c. There are more arrests for violent crimes than for victimless crimes.
d. There are more arrests for violent crimes than for property crimes.
e. There are more arrests for victimless crimes than for violent crimes.

b

A/n ____ is a negative label that devalues a person and disqualifies him/her from full social acceptance.
a. sanction
b. anomie
c. stigma
d. strain
e. shame

c

____ is behavior that violates expected rules or norms.
a. Crime
b. Deviance
c. Stigma
d. Social control
e. Sanction

b

A ____ is unfounded information that people spread quickly.
a. fad
b. fashion
c. gossip
d. rumor
e. mob

d

The ____ is a set of cultural norms that dictate sexual relationships between blood relatives.
a. family sexual rule
b. blood sexual taboo
c. incest taboo
d. family ban
e. incest norm

c

____ refers to a situation in which people are unsure of how to behave because of absent, conflicting, or confusing social norms.
a. Sanction
b. Anomie
c. Social control
d. Deviance
e. Strain

b

The police, courts, and prison system make up the
a. criminology suite.
b. rehabilitation system.
c. community outreach system.
d. criminal justice system.
e. penal system.

d

Which of the following is not one of the major differences between homosexual families and heterosexual families?
a. Homosexual parents receive less social support from their families.
b. Homosexual parents face added burdens of raising children who may experience discrimination.
c. Homosexual couples earn less money than heterosexual couples because of discrimination.
d. Homosexual parents do not experience the legal benefits of marriage.
e. All of these characterize gay parents.

c

As a child, Jeanne was constantly punished by her parents for not following directions and for disobeying the house rules. Jeanne experienced
a. informal social controls.
b. formal social controls.
c. external sanctions.
d. positive sanctions.
e. negative sanctions.

e

The average length of time people of the same age will live is termed
a. multigenerational.
b. life expectancy.
c. a mortality rate.
d. global graying.
e. a death rate.

b

Conflict theorists often focus on which type of crime?
a. violent crime
b. property crime
c. white collar crime
d. organized crime
e. victimless crime

a

Harold started using drugs when he was 17. By the time Harold turned 20 he was living on the streets. According to Merton, Henry is a/n
a. conformist.
b. innovator.
c. ritualist.
d. retreatist.
e. rebel.

d

In ____, a woman has multiple spouses.
a. monogamy
b. serial monogamy
c. polygamy
d. polygyny
e. polyandry

e

"Families are sources of social inequality." This statement represents which sociological theoretical perspective?
a. functionalist theory
b. symbolic interactionist theory
c. conflict theory
d. feminist theory
e. exchange theory

c

Americans are postponing marriage because singles enjoy their autonomy. This statement illustrates a/n ____ factor.
a. developmental
b. individual-level
c. demographic
d. structural
e. macro-level

b

"Families provide food and shelter and other material goods for its members." This statement represents which function of the family?
a. sexual regulation
b. reproduction and socialization
c. social placement
d. economic security
e. emotional support

d

White supremacy groups are an example of a/n
a. alternative social movement.
b. reformative social movement.
c. redemptive social movement.
d. resistance social movement.
e. revolutionary social movement.

d

According to Merton, Americans are taught to strive towards the "American Dream" of economic success. He called these aspirations
a. institutionalized goals.
b. institutionalized means.
c. cultural strain.
d. cultural means.
e. cultural goals.

a

____ is the spontaneous and unstructured behavior of a large number of people.
a. A social movement
b. Collective behavior
c. Mass hysteria
d. Panic
e. A riot

b

____ are illegal activities that are conducted online.
a. Cybercrimes
b. Occupational crimes
c. Corporate crimes
d. Organized crimes
e. Industrial crimes

a

____ is/are the act of spreading news about other people's personal lives.
a. Rumors
b. Urban legends
c. Gossip
d. Hearsay
e. Tattling

c

____ ask why some deviant acts are defined as criminal while others are not.
a. Functionalists
b. Conflict theorists
c. Feminist theorists
d. Symbolic interactionists
e. Strain theorists

b

Which one of these assertions about deviance and crime is false?
a. Social class affects crime rates.
b. Crime rates are higher in low-income areas than in wealthy suburbs.
c. Poor people are more deviant than those at the higher end of the socioeconomic ladder.
d. Poor people are the most likely to engage in intellectual property theft.
e. Most offenders have never been arrested.

d

____ deviance is the initial violation of a norm or law and can range from relatively minor offenses to serious offenses.
a. Major
b. Minor
c. Primary
d. Secondary
e. Tertiary

c

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