Psychology Chapter 12

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Which of the following major anxiety disorders is CORRECTLY paired with a description?
A) phobic disorder - sense of impending doom, along with intense physiological arousal
B) generalized anxiety disorder - persistent, uncontrollable, free-floating worry
C) panic disorder - unwanted, intrusive thoughts, or urges to perform specific behaviors
D) obsessive-compulsive disorder - intense, irrational fear of a specific object or situation
E) None of these is correctly paired.

B) generalized anxiety disorder - persistent, uncontrollable, free-floating worry

Each of the following neurotransmitters seems to play a role in depression EXCEPT:
A) dopamine
B) serotonin
C) endorphins
D) norepinephrine

C) endorphins

Suzanne attempts to fabricate the symptoms of schizophrenia so that she may receive a disability payment each month. Josie inflicts cuts and bruises on herself to elicit sympathy and attention from others. Suzanne exemplifies _________. Josie illustrates ________.
A) Munchausen syndrome; factitious disorder
B) factitious disorder; Munchausen syndrome
C) factitious disorder; malingering
D) malingering; factitious disorder

D) malingering; factitious disorder

Women are _______ as likely to experience major depression as are men.
A) half
B) just
C) one-and-a-half
D) twice

D) twice

How does dissociative amnesia differ from amnesia in general?
A) Dissociative amnesia involves an actual loss of memory; in general, amnesia does not.
B) In general, there is a physiological basis for amnesia; in dissociative amnesia, there is not.
C) Dissociative amnesia is more severe than simple amnesia.
D) There is really no appreciable difference between the two forms of amnesia.

B) In general, there is a physiological basis for amnesia; in dissociative amnesia, there is not.

Obsession is to compulsion as _______ is to _______.
A) emotion; cognition
B) cognition; emotion
C) cognition; behavior
D) behavior; cognition

C) cognition; behavior

Which of the following pieces of evidence support the inclusion of a social component in a model of illness?
A) General declines in psychological functioning are seen during economic downturns.
B) African Americans are more likely than whites to be hospitalized involuntarily for psychological disorders.
C) Schizophrenia is diagnosed more frequently among lower SES individuals than among middle or high SES individuals.
D) All of these support the inclusion of a social component.

D) All of these support the inclusion of a social component.

Which of the following statements DOES NOT accurately describe a broad similarity between panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder?
A) Both involve long-term, persistent anxiety
B) Both involve a number of physical symptoms.
C) Neither one is triggered by a specific stimulus.
D) All these statements describe similarities between panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder.

A) Both involve long-term, persistent anxiety

Psychological disorders that take on physical symptoms in the absence of a medical cause are called ________ disorders.
A) dissociative
B) hypochondriacal
C) somatoform
D) mood

C) somatoform

Which of the following paraphilias is correctly defined?
A) sadism - arousal by observing an unsuspecting person
B) masochism - arousal by having sex with animals
C) frotteurism - arousal by rubbing up against an unsuspecting person
D) voyeurism - arousal by witnessing the suffering of another person

C) frotteurism - arousal by rubbing up against an unsuspecting person

With respect to potential gender differences in the prevalence of personality disorders, which of the following statements is true?
A) Both borderline personality disorder and antisocial personality disorder are seen just as often in one gender as they are in the other.
B) Both borderline personality disorder and antisocial personality disorder are most often seen in men.
C) Both borderline personality disorder and antisocial personality disorder are most often seen in women.
D) Borderline personality disorder is most often seen in women. Antisocial personality disorder is most often diagnosed in men.

D) Borderline personality disorder is most often seen in women. Antisocial personality disorder is most often diagnosed in men.

What do ADHD and autism have in common?
A) The two disorders have nothing in common.
B) ADHD and autism are both anxiety disorders.
C) The symptoms of both disorders appear in adulthood.
D) Both disorders are diagnosed more frequently than they were in the past.

D) Both disorders are diagnosed more frequently than they were in the past.

Alex has an intense, unwarranted fear of dogs. Bailey feels driven to wash her hands repeatedly. Callista is plagued by chronic, debilitating worry. Doran sometimes feels dizzy and short of breath; he feels as if he might die. Which of these individuals is CORRECTLY matched with the anxiety disorder he or she displays?
A) Alex - generalized anxiety disorder
B) Bailey - phobic disorder
C) Callista - obsessive-compulsive disorder
D) Doran - panic disorder

D) Doran - panic disorder

Which alternative correctly pairs a component of the bio-psycho-social model of illness with an example?
A) social - irrational thought patterns may be related to depression
B) biological - excesses of the neurotransmitter dopamine may be implicated in schizophrenia
C) psychological - schizophrenia is more common in low-SES communities
D) All of these are correctly paired.

B) biological - excesses of the neurotransmitter dopamine may be implicated in schizophrenia

When using the DSM-IV-TR's system of axes,
A) multiple types of information are gathered on a patient.
B) many alternative diagnoses are made for each patient.
C) different diagnostic criteria are used for different patients, depending on the specific case.
D) information on six different dimensions are multiplied to create a diagnosis.

A) multiple types of information are gathered on a patient.

Which of the following correctly defines an important symptom of antisocial personality disorder?
A) Exaggerated sense of self-importance
B) Little emotional empathy or remorse toward others
C) Reliance on relationships to define oneself
D) Extreme introversion and withdrawal

B) Little emotional empathy or remorse toward others

Which of the following is a negative symptom of schizophrenia?
A) delusions
B) hallucinations
C) inappropriate emotion
D) poor hygiene

D) poor hygiene

Paige has hypochondriasis. This means that:
A) she is faking physical symptoms to gain attention
B) she misinterprets minor sensations as evidence of a serious disease
C) she is experiencing physical symptoms that have no apparent cause
D) she is experiencing specific neurological symptoms that have no basis

B) she misinterprets minor sensations as evidence of a serious disease

Your text suggests that dissociative disorders generally occur as a result of:
A) chronic substance abuse
B) sudden brain injury
C) extremely stressful or traumatic episodes
D) neurotransmitter deficits

C) extremely stressful or traumatic episodes

Which of the following brain abnormalities is NOT associated with schizophrenia?
A) low levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine
B) low activity in the frontal lobe
C) reduced temporal lobe activity
D) enlarged cerebral ventricles

A) low levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine

Which of the following mood disorder terms is CORRECTLY paired with a description?
A) mania - a severe state impairing concentration, decision making, and sociability
B) bipolar disorder - a prolonged state of intense elation
C) major depression - alternating periods of depression and mania
D) None of these is correctly paired.

D) None of these is correctly

With respect to the DSM-IV-TR, Axis I is to Axis _____ as clinical disorders are to __________.
A) II; personality disorders
B) II; physical conditions
C) III; physical conditions
D) both A and C

D) both A and C

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