The tendency of something or someone to act in a certain manner under given circumstances is called:
What ethical problem is created with the use of computers & patient databases in the modern medical office? (important patient info can be lost b/c of a lack of knowledge about the use of the computer; many patients believe that computers represent an impersonal way of conducting business; unauthorized individuals may gain access to confidential medical records; computers have increased the cost of providing medical care)
unauthorized individuals may gain access to confidential medical records
What is the strongest argument for the use of unique identifiers for patients with HIV? (to keep the identity of the patient confidential, to keep on record a list of the names of those who are HIV positive, to make processing insurance claims easier, or to ensure that patients receive proper care)
to keep the identity of the patient confidential
A(n) _______ is something done or said that serves as an example or rule to authorize or justify a subsequent act of the same kind.
In the allocation of health resources, the criterion (or criteria) should be which of the following? (likelihood of benefit, urgency of need, duration of benefit, or all of the above)
all of the above
Which statement best defines the practice known as "fee splitting"? (the unethical practice in which physicians are paid for referring patients, the unethical practice of basing the physician's fee on the success of the treatment, an appropriate method of allowing two physicians to work together in treating a patient, or the lowering of the physician's fee as a way to help poor patients)
the unethical practice in which physicians are paid for referring patients
Considered the most serious crime, an offense to overthrow the government is classified as a(n):
act of treason
The willful and unlawful use of force or violence on the person of another is called assault. (T or F)
Filing a false or intentionally inaccurate report is punishable by: (fines, criminal charges, loss of one's job, or all of the above)
all of the above
With regard to medical ethics, which term deals with the fair distribution of benefits and burdens among individuals or groups in society having legitimate claims? (veracity, beneficence, reparation, or justice)
When a person has wronged another person, the person in the wrong has the duty to: (express an opinion, make reparations, express fidelity, or become a surrogate)
Which of the following is NOT a standard of care that physicians are expected to uphold? (exercise reasonable skill and care; follow his or her best judgement in treating patients; use reasonable care, attention, and diligence; or take the advice of consulting physicians)
take the advice of consulting physicians
________ is an alternative to trial in which a third party hears evidence and makes decisions.
A list of questions from one party in a lawsuit to another party in the lawsuit is called a(n):
What is it called when a physician other than the one approved by the patient performs the surgery?
The most sacred trust that patients place in the physicians and their staff members is: (the ability to cure disease, the fairness of charges for services, confidentiality, or the competent treatment of symptoms)
Consent, usually written, that states understanding of what treatment is to be undertaken and the risks involved with such treatment, is called _________ consent.
When one party of a lawsuit is dissatisfied with a lower court's decision, it has the right to _________ to a higher court.
Criminal law governs violations of the law that are punishable as offenses against: (corporations, groups, the state or government, or individuals)
the state or government
With regard to ethical distress, what stands in the way of making an ethical choice? (concerns, ethics, morals, or barriers)
Certain kinds of news, such as births and deaths, are considered part of the public domain. (T or F)
If a person appears in the medical office with an official press badge, the MA must make info available. (T or F)
According to OSHA regulations, handicapped individuals must be able to enter and exit buildings easily and be able to travel from floor to floor in multistory buildings. (T or F)
Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding the human genome? (major healthcare agencies, such as the CDC, are involved in the genome project; the genome project formally began in 1890; the mapping of the human genome has raised questions about confidentiality; or experts need to educate Congress about the use of genetic info)
the genome project formally began in 1890
Which of the following does the CEJA not only consider ethical, but also encourages? (abortion, capital punishment, human cloning, or organ donation)
Licensure for physicians cannot be obtained through: (examination, endorsement, transfer, or reciprocity)
Adults who have been found by a court to be insane or incompetent can still consent to medical treatment in almost all cases. (T or F)
Which of the following are physicians required to do with regard to the opinions of the CEJA? (follow the opinions without any deviation, consider a different career if they cannot abide by the CEJA's opinions, operate their practice in accordance with all the opinions of the CEJA, or consider the opinions but operate their practice in accordance with their own belief system)
consider the opinions but operate their practice in accordance with their own belief system
Which of these sets of regulations contains the general duty clause? (OSHA, CLIA, HIPAA, or ADA)
A person who is shrewd in management of practical affairs is considered an arbitrator. (T or F)
Which of the following is NOT a type of civil law? (tort, misdemeanor, administrative, or contract)
A physician who discontinues his/her medical practice must return triplicate prescription forms to the DEA. (T or F)
Although attorneys often accept clients on a(n) _______ fee basis, it's unethical for a physician to do so.
The provision of care to medical colleagues or their families and staff is called __________.
The physician involved in caring for a patient should be an advocate for the family rather than for the patient. (T or F)
What is the opinion of the CEJA with regard to surrogate motherhood? (agrees fully, disagrees, agrees with stipulations, or has no opinion)
agrees with stipulations
Voluntary written consent must be obtained from patients who are to participate in clinical trials.
Which agency oversees and enforces the Controlled Substances Act (CSA)? (DEA, IRS, SWAT, or OSHA)
The document that expresses the wishes of patients in case of terminal illness or an accident after which patients cannot express their wishes is called a:
Which type of ethical problem is characterized by two or more courses of action, in which, regardless of the course taken, something of value will be lost? (ethical distress, ethical dilemma, distributive justice, or locus of authority)
Sexual abuse or assault of an adult usually is reported to the: (local police, local constable, state police, or local health department)
Which area of ethical question involves the development of new drugs and procedures? (clinical trials, quality of life, organ donation, or human cloning)
The benefits of HIPAA include: (increased revenue cycle time, higher administrative costs, lower administrative costs, or none of the above)
lower administrative costs
_______ damages are small awards that are token compensation for invasion of a legal right in which no actual injury was suffered.
The type of ethical problem in which two or more agents think that each knows what's best for the patient but only one agent can prevail is called: (ethical distress, an ethical dilemma, locus of authority, or distributive justice)
locus of authority
With regard to capital punishment, the CEJA agrees that a physician can ethically: (give the lethal injection, give the lethal injection and certify death, completely abstain from participation in capital punishment, or certify death)
A written defamatory statement or representation that conveys an unjustly unfavorable impression is called liable. (T or F)
Something that has significant and demonstrable bearing on the matter at hand is recourse. (T or F)
A physician committed to saving life and relieving suffering may sometimes find those two goals _________.
The first step in the 5-step process of ethical decision making is: (identifying the type of ethical problem, exploring the practical alternatives, gathering relevant information, or determining the ethical approach to use)
gathering relevant information
The term "medical professional liability" encompasses all possibly civil liability that can be incurred during the delivery of medical care. (T or F)
Which statement best describes the practice of physicians waiving co-payments required by insurance companies? (the practice is the best and most humane way to treat needy patients, the practice encourages patients to take advantage of the medical payment system, the practice is encouraged by insurance companies, or the practice may violate insurers' policies if done routinely)
the practice may violate insurers' policies if done routinely
When a physician withdraws medical care from a patient, a(n) ________ letter must be sent to notify the patient.
The Code of Federal Regulations delineates rules and regulations published in the Federal Register by the various departments and agencies of the federal government. (T or F)
A docket is a formal record of judicial _________ or a list of the legal cases to be tried.
Which of the following is NOT one of the four Ds of negligence? (duty, damages, dereliction, or deposition)
The drugs in schedule _____ are considered to have the highest potential for abuse. (I, IV, II, or III)
The pretrial disclosure of pertinent facts or documents by one or both parties in a legal action is called:
The prime objective of the medical profession is to: heal patients, make money, render service to humanity, or all of the above.
render service to humanity
_________ is a solemn declaration, usually made orally by a witness under oath in response to interrogation by a lawyer or an authorized public official.
Which of the following tests are exempt from CLIA standards for MAs? (urine pregnancy testing, spun hematocrit testing, dipstick urinalysis, or all of the above)
all of the above
If no jury is present and a judge decides the case, the proceeding is called a(n) _______ trial.
Special damages are injuries that are not a necessary consequence of a physician's negligent act or omission. (T or F)
The realm embracing property rights that belong to the community at large is called the ________.
Which of the following elements is necessary for informed consent? (patient's diagnosis, if known; alternative treatments; risks and benefits of the procedure or treatment; or all of the above)
all of the above
In most cases, convicted felons cannot vote, hold public office, or possess a firearm. (T or F)
Logically, the control of gametes should be left to the man and woman who produced them. (T or F)
A statement by a part to a legal action of what the party undertakes to prove is called assent. (T or F)