Post Classical China and Japan

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Which of the following statements concerning urbanization in china during the Tang-Song era is most accurate?

chinese urbanization mushroomed during the tang-song era with higher proportion of the population living in cites

the dynastnythat ended political chaos after the fall of the Qin-Han was

sui

what made possible the rapid revel of empirer under the tang?

the rebuilding og the imperial bureaucreacy using confucian ideas

the man responsible for the creation of the sui dynasty is

wendi

which kingdom was conquered by wendi in 589?

chen

what made the reunification of china under the first sui emperor possible?

the support of the nomadic warrior elite

what was thprimary reform enacted during the reign of the first sui emperor?

the creation of granaries to relieve the threat of famine

unlike his father, the second sui emporer favord

the confucian scolar-gentry class

what led to the downfall of the sui dynasty?

unsuccessful military campaigns

who was the founder of the tang dynasty?

li yuan

which of the following statements concerning the extent of the tang empire is most accurat?

the tang built an empire that was far larger than the han, and empire whos bondaries in many directions extended beyond the borders of modern china

what was the attitude of the tang emperors toward the confucian scholar-gentry?

the tang suported the rebirth of the confucian scholar-gentry, often at the expense of the aristocracy

what ministry of the central imperial government was responsible for the administration of the examination system?

rites

the tital of the jinshi was reserved for those who

passed the most difficult exams on chinease lititure

which of the following statements concernign entry into the chinese bureaucracy is most accurate?

birth and family connections continued to be important in securing high office

members of the elit class of china were more attracted to what variant of buddism?

chan

which of the following descriptions of pure land buddism is not accurate?

it appealed to uper class chinese

what tang ruler acully attempted to have buddism reconized as a state religon?

empress wu

what proved to be the most damaging attack on buddism's poularity with the people during the early tang dynasty?

the confusians succsesful compain to convince the emporer that the buddist moastic astablishment represented an economic threat

in what decade did open persecution of buddism occur in china?

840's

what was the result of the imperial attemempt by the tang to supress buddhism within the chinese empire?

buddhism survived the repression, but in a reduced state without the political influence of the early tang earys

what was the impact on confucianism of the tang repression of the buddhists?

confucianism emerged as the central ideology of chinese civilization untill the 20th centry

which empores reign marked the high point in the tang power?

Xuanzong

which of the following was not a problem during the last years of the tang dynasty?

a buddist rebelion in southern china

who was the founder of the song dynasty?

zhao kuangyin

the first song emperor restored the unity of chima except for what northern dynasty?

the laio

how did the song empire compair to the tang?

the song empire was smaller in territorial extent than the tang empire

which of the following most accureatly describes the position of the scholar-gentry under the song dynasty?

the domination of the scholar-gentryover its arcristic and buddhisd rivals were fully secured in the song era

who was the most prominate of the neo-confucians during the song-era?

Zhu Xi

which of the following was not eventual impact of the development of neo-confusician schools of though?

destruction of the manderins

Wang Anshi, a prim minister in the 1070s and the 1080s attempted to reform the song government on the basis of what confucian school of thought?

legalism

which of the following was not one of the reforms introduched by wang anshi in the face of conservitive opposition?

the end of tribute patyments to nomadic dynasties on the northern border

what caused the flight of the song dynasty from its capital in northern china?

the invasions of the jurchens who had formed the qin kingdom

why was th construction of the grand canal nessisary?

the yangtze river was becoming the major food-producing reigon of china in the late tang era

which of the following was not an econimic development during the period of commercial expansion during the tang song dynasties

military domination over the seas

which of the following was not a reasult of the agricultureral policies of the sui and tang empories?

the scholar-gentry were removed as landlords

whatwas the primary diffrence between marrages familys and households of the upper and lower classes in tang song china?

extended family households were more commen in upperclass households than in lower class ones

which of the following statements concerning the staues of women in the tang song era is most accurate?

the assertion of male dominance within the family was espeshely pronoced in the thinking of the neo-confucian philosophers

which of the following statements about chinease landscape painting is most accurate?

members of the ruling political elit in china produced many of the paitnings in the song era

in what in what way did foot-binding serve to diminish the independence of chinese women by the end of th song era?

foot binding sufficiently crippled women to effectivly confine their mobility to their household

which of the following was not a technological inovation of the tang song era?

paper

which of the following intellectual school was responsible for the production of most literary and artistic works during the tang song era?

confucian

what artistan was responsible for the development of movable type?

Bi Sheng

the outstanding poet of the tang era was

Li Bo

During the song dynasty the intrest of confucian intellectuals in nature was most apparent in their production of

landscape paintings

what group was responsible for the fall of the southern song dynasty in 1279?

mongles

what reigons of asia were most drwn to chinese culture and political models

the agrarian societies in the east and south

what is the name of the nature spirits of japan?

kamie

when did chines influence japan peak?

7th and 8th century

what religon played a key role in the transmission of chinese civilizationto japan?

buddhism

in which of the following japanese periods was chines cultural influence most signifagant?

Taika

what were the reforms enacted in646 that intended to thoroughly incoperate chinese culture and political structure into japanese societ?

taika

what was the central purpos of the reformes of 646 in Japan?

to remake the japanese monarch into an absoulute chines-style emperor

what group threatend the security of the japanese imperial court in the 8th century that the imperial family moved to heian?

buddhist monks

what was the immedieat impact of the imperial move to heian?

the aristocracy was restored to conterbalanceto the power of the buddist monasteries amd took over most of the positios in the central government

what was the military organization of the heian government in japan?

local member of the aristocraciy were ordered to organize milita forces

life in the imperial court at hein was describe in wich japanese novel?

tale of genji

what appears to have been the primary concerns at the imperial japanese court at heian?

social interaction and status

by the middle of the 9th century what aristocratien family exerted exeptional influence over imperial affais at the japanese court at heian?

fujiwara

warrior leaders in the 10th century who controlled proveincal areas and ruled from small fortresses in the countryside were called

bushi

which of the following statements concerning the relationship of the imperial court to the proveincial military elite is most accurate?

in the absent of an imperial court to the provincal military elite is most accurate?

mounted troops owing loyalty to the military elite were called

samurai

which of the following state,ents concerning the relationship of the imperial court to the provincal military eliets is most accurtate?

in the absence of an imperial military force, law and ordear broke down, leading bothe the emperor and high officals to hire provincal lords and their military retainers

which of the following statements concerning the nature of warfare among the bushi is most accurate?

battles hinged on man to man duels of great championship typical of the heroic stage of warfare

what was the impact of the rise of the sammurai on the peasntry on japan?

japanese peasents were reduced to the status of serfs bound to the land they worked

by the 11th and 12th centier, what was the status of the japanes court aristocracy?

aristocat familys at the court depended on alliences whit th provincial warrior elite in ordeaer to exercise any power

between the 1180 and 1185 the struggle between the two major provincal families the taira and the minamoto was decided in what wars

gempei

the victory of the minamoto in 1185 led to the creation of

the bakufu, or military government at kamakura

the victory of the minamoto marks the begining of what period in japanese history

the feudal age

the developement of reigonal power bases in japan among the warrior elites of th countryside corsponded to what events in china?

the declin of the tang dynasty

in what year did the japanes ceas to send militar offical embasies to the chines emporer?

838

what title was given to the military leader of the bakufu at kamakura?

shogun

following the death of yoritomo what family dominated the military government?

hojo

which of the followin statments most accuratly decribedes the nature of the japanese government followin the deat of yoritomo?

real power rested in the hojo family who manipulatd the minamoto shoguns, who in turn claimed to rule in the name of the emporer at kyoto

what government replaced the kamakura regime in the early 14 centry in japan?

ashikaga shogunate

what was the relationship between the ashikaga shogunate and the emporer?

the ashikaga shoguns fought the emporer at kyoto who refused to reconize their athourity

what japanese ruling was destroyed by the full scale civil was that raged from 1467 to 1477

the ashikaga

what was the political result of the wars that destroyed the ashikaga shogunate

division of japaninto 300 little staes under the daimyos

how did the principles of warfare change under the daimyos?

warfare based on spying timle assulted wise command and organization of massive armies replace heroic combat

which of the following statemnets concerning society and economyt of the war loard or shogun era in japanese hiistry is most accurate?

despite political chaos improvements in agricultural teqniquies and incentives led to occupation of previously uncultiated areas

which of the following staements concerning the status of woman during the era of the daimyos is most accurate?

women wereexcluded from inheritance and treated as defensless appendeges of their warrior fathers or husbands

durinig the daimyo period what was the facotr that led to the revival of chines influece on the cultural level?

zen buddhism

what kingdom was successful in establishing a unified and independent government in korea?

silla

which of the following statements concernign the korean bureaucracy under the influence of china is most accuert?

korea established a confusian examinationsystermon the chinese modal but admission to burecracy was almost determend exclusivly by birth

what was the religous prefrence of the korean elite?

buddhism

which of th following statements concerning the nature of korean society is most accurate?

because of the monopolization of all things chines by the tiny korean elite neither a merchant nor an artistant class developed in korea

which of the following was not a diffrence between viet and chinese cultures prior to thier conquest by the han empires?

viet tendeancy to extend families and clan groups

what was thpolitical result of tthe veitamese drive to conquer regions south of the red river basin?

the division of the vietnames into two kingdomes with captins hue and hanoi

which of the following was a critical factor in the failor of the chinease to conquer or assimulate the vietnamese?

the vienamese resistance to chinese crossed both class and gender barriers

following the asssertion of vientnames independence from china in the tenth century what aspects of chinese culture were retained by vientanamese rulers?

the chinese administrative system based on confucian examination system

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