Yes we keep talking about these blasted things. The goal was to keep the colonists from trading with anyone but Great Britian. They weren't really enforced until after the FrenchIndian/Seven Years war (it's the same thing just different names) and then Great Britain was broke.
Proclamation of 1763
measure taken by GB: colonists were not allowed to settle West of Appalachians. Applies retroactively, so people who were already settled were required to move back. This reaaaally annoyed the settlers.
(1764) Banned the production of paper money, because Virginia had started printing large amounts of paper money to get itself out of debt, which hugely increased inflation.
Taxation without representation
Also known as "virtual representation", it actually meant that a governing body chooses to tax a large group of people who lack physical, elected representation in that government. Was actually the rallying cry for the revolutionaries because they were kind of fudgy on the whole concept of what virtual representation actually meant and how it worked and felt gipped because of all the new taxes GB was imposing on them.
(1733) Legislation that taxed all molasses, rum, and sugar imported from any non-GB affiliated location. It was ignored by the awesomely fast Rumrunners in the Caribbean, as well as merchants who didn't like paying extra taxes to Great Britain, so it was eventually replaced by the Sugar Act. The purpose was to, as always, earn money to pay Great Britain back after they saved our butts in the FrenchIndian/7 year war.
A British opposition party that was hyper conscious of any possible infraction on their liberty and rights. They wanted to reverse growth of governmental power.
(1764) no more smuggling, so the British eliminate the molasses act, but input a sugar act, but the tax is lower, so the colonists don't flip out and start smuggling everything again. Downside is that its actually enforced this time, as opposed to the Molasses Act, which was pretty loosely policed. It made it illegal to trade with non-British Caribbean colonies.
(1736-1799) Member of Virginia house of Burgesses. Gave speeches against British government. 1775- "Give me liberty or give me death". Governor of Virginia from 1776-1779, 1784-1786 and was instrumental in getting the Bill of Rights passed.
British secretary of state during 7 years/FrenchIndian War; tight control of the army, drafted colonists which led to riots. He opposed the stamp act, which he saw as a failed act.
Textile industry and women's role
women finally joined in the war effort, because in order to resist the british, women were needed to weave/make cloth, and to make clothes so men were freed from the home, and so America wasn't dependant on British goods.
Unlucky chap who was PM of GB in the years following the FrenchIndian/7 years war. He tried to impose strict imperialism by imposing the : currency act (no paper money), sugar act (an act that lowered but enforced a tax on sugar and made colonists buy from GB and other colonies), and the stamp act (in short, a tax on paper used for official things and gambling(hehe funny how that works out)).
(March, 1765) Required that all legal/official documents used in colonies written on fancypants British paper were stamped (this includes cards and dice). This continues to raise money to pay the British government back after the French/Indian war. Riots ensued, so it was repealed in 1766.
(1722-1803) Colonist (radical) patriot. Helped organize the Sons of Liberty & the Boston tea part. He also established a committee of Correspondence. He served in the Continental Congress and was governor of Massachusetts from 1794-1797. He was a major leader in team colonies.
(1743-1826) Patriot and 3rd president of the US. He wrote the Declaration of Independence. He is such a brilliant, brilliant man because he blamed the revolt on George III rather than on Parliament. He linked individual liberty, popular sovereignty, republican government and independence. He was also a fervent believer in government by the people, and believed in State power over the power of the central government. He was the original advocate of the self educated "little farmer".
(1774) Expanded the City into US territory and recognized Roman-Catholocism. Alarmed the US (who saw it as another example of Parliament deliberately messing with them.) The purpose was to limit colonial expansion, and keep the colonies under control.
Battles of Lexington and Concord
(April 19th, 1774) General Gave ordered to arrest Sam Adams & John Hancock. Brits marched on Lexington because they believed that there were hidden caches of weapons there. Colonists tried to stop them , and were warned of his arrival by Paul Revere + William Dawes. Brits get to Concord to grab Hancock + Adams and are engaged by the American militia. They retreat to Boston, and lost battles because of American guerilla attacks. Important because it was the first battle of the Revolutionary war.
Stamp Act Congress
(Oct 7th - 24th) 1765. 9 colonies met and drew up the Declaration of Rights and Grievances, a petition against the Stamp act. It included: only colonial assemblies could tax colonies, that trial by jury was a right, that colonists possessed full rights like all other Englishmen, and NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION.
Sons of Liberty
Radicals who got together after the passage of the Stamp act. They rioted and burned customs houses. Even after Stamp act died, they stayed active. They ended up becoming parts of committees of correspondence.
(1766) passed at the same time as the Stamp Act died. Said that Parliament could tax the colonies whenever they wanted & controlled their local legislatures (they already could, but this was basically saying "I own you and you can't do squat about it.)
(1767) Imposed duties on paper, paint, glass, and tea imported to the US. Colonies were so mad that they boycotted British goods until it was (mainly) repealed. Townshend had wanted to replace English land taxes, which had skyrocketed, so he wanted to tax non-brits.
a representative of a government body is not elected by constituents, but resembles them in beliefs and goals. There were no colonists in Parliament to truly express their needs, so they believed that they weren't being treated fairly.
first man to die in the Boston Massacre. He became a martyr and a huge symbol for the patriots.
Committee of Correspondence
Groups of private citizens in New England. It circulated info about opposition to British trade measures. 1st gov-organized one in Massachusetts in 1764.
(1773) Kept British E India Co from paying taxes on tea it exported to the colonies. It made British tea cheap, encouraging patriots to buy it (and thus pay the Townshend duty) It also made buying foreign tea illegal.
Boston Tea Party
(1773) Colonials in Boston (led by Sam Adams) snuck onto a merchant ship in Boston and chucked the tea overboard. Boston had boycotted tea in response to the Tea Act, and wouldn't let tea ashore. The ships refused to leave until the tea was unloaded. Thus, they reached an impasse.
Two; 1765: Required colonists to provide food, lodging, and supplies for British troops. 1774; one of the coercive acts. Same effect as above. This pissed off the colonists because it drained their resources and they didn't even want the soldiers there.
Writs of assistance
search warrants issued by Great Britain. Applicable to anyone at any time against colonies by Officials (and loyalists, the irritating little prats). No reasonable cause was needed. This reaaaally ticked off the colonists. The purpose was to catch smugglers, but mostly just irritated the heck out of people.
(1774) 4 acts passed by Parliament in response to the Boston Tea party. 1) Boston Port act: closed Boston harbor. 2) MA Government Act: Disbanded the Boston Assembly (though it soon reinstated itself). 3) Quartering Act: required colony to provide provisions for British soldiers. 4) Administration of Justice Act: prohibited colonial courts form arresting royal officers. The purpose was to beat the colonists into submission.
First Continental Congress
(1774) Called in response to the coercive acts. They discussed & rejected a plan for unified colonial government. Passed a Declaration of Rights that demanded a repeal of the Coercive acts and passed a non-importation agreement against GB, which led them to declare the colonies as in rebellion.
Patriots chucked rocks at soldiers, who fired on them. Five civilians were killed. Soldiers had been chilling in Boston, upholding the Townshend Acts, which pissed Boston off. Tensions rose, patriots flipped. This was seen as a beginning of the violent stuff in the Revolutionary war.
Americans that supported British rule in the colonies. They worried rebellion/resistance would destroy respect for political institutions (knee-benders), didn't want to support the rebel cause (cowards) and saw the rebels as criminals (morons). They comprised about 20% of the Colonial population.