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____ is leadership that creates a positive image of the future that motivates organizational members and provides direction for future planning and goal setting.

Visionary leadership

Which of the following approaches to implementing Fiedler's contingency theory in the workplace has proven effective?

accurately measuring and matching leaders to situations

Leaders who possess the trait of ____ are more decisive and assertive and more likely to gain others' confidence.

self-confidence

In terms of leadership behavior, the term ____ refers to the extent to which a leader is friendly, approachable, supportive, and shows concern for employees.

Consideration

Strategic leadership is defined as the ability to think strategically and create a strategic plan for an organization.

False

Directive leadership is a leadership style in which leaders set challenging goals, have high expectations of employees, and display confidence that employees will assume responsibility and put forth extraordinary effort.

False

Which of the following is the best leadership style for all situations?

none of these

Which of the following is a major concern of leaders (as opposed to managers)?

inspiring and motivating others

Which of the following is another term for considerate leadership behavior?

employee-centered leadership

Leadership is the process of influencing others to achieve group or organizational goals.

True

Which of the following statements about what makes a successful leader is true?

Successful leaders are confident about their ability to make long-term strategic decisions even if the decisions seem risky to others.

According to the path-goal theory, which of the following is an example of an environmental contingency?

the formal authority system

____is the process of influencing others to achieve group or organizational goals.

leadership

Transactional leaders ____.

reward followers for good behavior and punish followers for poor behavior

One of the differences between managers and leaders is that managers focus on visions, missions, goals, and objectives, and leaders focus solely on productivity and efficiency.

False

There is no such thing as a "best" leadership style for all situations and employees.

True

____ is the ability to anticipate, envision, maintain flexibility, think strategically, and work with others to initiate change that will create a positive future for the organization.

Strategic leadership

Which of the following is an example of a situational theory of leadership?

Fiedler's contingency theory

To save a company from bankruptcy, its CEO told its employees that he would eliminate 53 percent of the company's mechanics and reduce the compensation of the remaining mechanics by 26 percent. In terms of the normative decision theory, Steenland ____.

made autocratic decisions

Which of the following statements about leaders and managers is true?

Organizations need both leaders and managers.

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