The technique used to track language back to its origin through comparing it to other similar languages.
British Revised Pronunciation (BRP)
The dialect of England associated with upper class British people living in the London area, and now considered a standard dialect in the UK.
theory of the diffusion of the Proto-Indo-European language into Europe through the speakers' overpowering of earlier inhabitants through warfare and technology
Language developed from the mixing of parent languages. Stems from the Portuguese "crioulo" and the Spanish "criollo" meaning to nourish or raise.
the behaviors and beliefs characteristic of a particularsocial, ethnic, or age group.
Technique using the vocabulary of an extinct language to re-create the language that proceeded the extinct language.
a particular form of language that is peculiar to a specific region, or social group.
a set of contiguous dialects in which the dialects nearest to each other at any place in the chain are most closely related
Theory which holds that the Indo-European languages that arose from Porto-Indo-European were first carried eastward into Southwest Asia, next around the Caspian Sean and then across the Russian-Ukrainian plains and on into the Balkans.
A distinctive dialect among African Americans brought from southern areas to segregated northern cities.
A language that is no longer spoken or read in daily activities by anyone in the world.
A term used by the French for English words than have entered the French language; a combination of francais and anglais, the French words for "French" and "English", respectively.
This language type constitutes a sub-branch of the Indo-European (IE) language family. The common ancestor of all of the languages in this branch is called Proto-Germanic (also known as Common Germanic), which was spoken in approximately the mid-1st millennium BC in Iron Age northern Europe. Proto-Germanic, along with all of its descendants, is characterized by a number of unique linguistic features, most famously the consonant change known as Grimm's law. Early varieties of Germanic enter history with the Germanic peoples moving south from northern Europe in the 2nd century BC, to settle in north-central Europe.
A language spoken internationally, which is learned by many people as a second language.
The system of writing used in China and other East Asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea or a concept rather than a specific sounds, as is the case with letter in English.
A boundary that seperates regions in which different language usages predominate.
A natural language with no demonstrable genetic relationship with other languages.
The method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way
When a language branches off from its origin and makes a new one.
When a language breaks into dialects due to a lack of spatial interaction among speakers of a language, and continued isolation causes new languages to be formed.
collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history
A group of languages related through descent from a common ancestor, called the proto- language of that family.
A language systematically used to make communication possible between people not sharing a mother tongue, in particular when it is a third language, distinct from both mother tongues.
A language that is written as well as spoken
Countries with only one official language.
Countries in which more than one language is spoken.
The ability of two people to understand each other when speaking
A hypothetical phylum of languages of which the principal members are the Indo-European, Semitic, Altaic, and Dravidian families.
A language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.
A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communications among speakers of two different languages.
A specific point on Earth distinguished by a particular character.
Linguistic hypothesis proposing the existence of an ancestral Indo-European language that is the hearth of ancient Latin, Greek and Sanskrit languages which hearth would link modern languages from Scandinavia to North Africa and from North American through parts of Asia to Australia.
Theory developed by a British scholar wherein he proposed that three area in and near the first agricultural hearth, the Fertile Crescent, gave rise to three language families.
The group of languages derived from Latin.
French, Spanish, Italian, Romanian, and Portuguese that lie in the areas that were once controlled by the Roman Empire but were not subsequently overwhelmed.
A gradual alteration or series of alterations in the pronunciation of a set of sounds, esp of vowels
A combination of Spanish and English
The variant of a language hat a country's political and intellectual elite seek to promote as the norm for use in schools, government, and is recognized by other states.
The name given to a portion of Earth's surface.
The Latin that people in provinces taken over by the Roman Empire. It wasn't the standard literary form but a spoken form of Latin.