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Himalaya Mountains

mountain range that separates India from China that includes the tallest mountain in the world, Mt. Everest

Ganges River

river that flows through northern India into the Bay of Bengal and is considered sacred by Hindus

Gobi Desert

desert in Western China that is in the rain shadow of the Himalaya Mountains

orographic precipitation

rain that is caused by mountain ranges

monsoon

wind pattern that brings rain to parts of Asia

ring of fire

area around the Pacific Ocean where many tectonic plates meet causing more earthquakes and active volcanoes

cyclone

a tropical storm in Asia similar to a Hurricane and also called a typhoon

rainforest

forest that grows in a tropical wet climate zone and has broadleaf trees

steppe

dry grassland near deserts

archipelago

chain of islands such as the Japanese Islands and the Philippines

Hinduism

major religion in India that is polytheistic, believes in reincarnation and karma, and the idea that everyone as a soul called atman

Buddhism

major religion in Southeast Asia that believes in reincarnation, karma, and nirvana, founded by Siddhartha

Shintoism

ethnic religion in Japan that believes in nature spirits called kami

Confucianism

philosophy in China that developed an intricate system of ethics

Taoism

religion that developed in China that believes in balance and action through inaction

reincarnation

the idea that when a person dies their spirit will be reborn

karma

the idea that when someone does something good or bad it will come back to them

nirvana

the Buddhist concept of heaven but it is more closely associated with release from suffering or the attainment of enlightenment

atman

soul in Hinduism

caste system

system of social organization in India

brahman

people at the top of the caste system in India, also known as priests or teachers

ancestor worship

the idea that when a family member dies their spirit can help bring you good fortune in this life

command economy

an economy in which the government owns the means of production

free market economy

an economy in which the means of production are owned by the people and it operates on supply and demand

mixed economy

an economy where the government owns some major industries

megalopolis

highly urbanized areas where major cities are connected by urban sprawl

deforestation

when trees are cut down faster than they can grow back

agricultural terracing

the practice of creating flat areas in the mountains in order to farm

yurt

a tent used by nomads in Mongolia

pagoda

a building with a distinctive curved roof that is common in Asia and can be used for a shrine or religious temple

ASEAN

economic organization of countries in Southeast Asia

OPEC

economic organization that controls the price and production of oil in the world

Kashmir

region located between India and Pakistan that both countries claim

mosque

place where Muslims worship

green revolution

period in the 1950s when better types of rice were introduced into Asia

batik

a type of cloth in Indonesia

ideogram

type of writing in China

loess

wind blown dirt that is common in China

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