A songlike poem (originally played on the lyre)
a story poem
demonstrates a conflict, often using the third-person voice
references to people, objects, or events outside the poem
to put what the poem means into your own words
a song or lyric poem lamenting the arrival of dawn to separate two lovers (Romeo and Juliet, Troilus and Criseyde, Penelope and Odysseus)
a word whose sound imitates its meaning; sound is meaning
a word or phrase that has become dull from overuse
repeating an initial consonant sound
first sound in the word repeats (Peter Piper picked a peck...)
repeating a consonant sound (within a word)
e.g. rollrock, highroad, roaring"
repeating a vowel sound
flowing and pleasing sound without disruption (vowels and smooth consonants like the letters l, m, n, y, w)
a group of harsh sounds
a poem's entire word choice, the selection taken from the poet's whole knowledge of language
a word description of any sense impression, not necessarily the visual
definite and particular items can be understood through the senses, can be felt, seen, smelled, etc.
words that are general and which refer to qualities and ideas (truth, hot)
aims to replicate in words the object or experience -- realistically, without comparing it to anything else
likens an object or experience to something else
comparison using the words "like" or "as"
stating the comparison by calling the thing, idea, etc. something else
e.g. My mother is home. The man is a pig.
one sensory perception expressed in terms of a different sense
e.g. "I know the seven fragrances of the rainbow."
an emotion or something inhuman (e.g. mountain, love, tree) is given human qualities
contrary words right next to each other
a bold and/or extended simile or metaphor
an image or action that stands for more than itself
images that have universal meaning
e.g. the connection between spring and renewal
allows a poet to speak through the voices of others rather than a personal "I"
a poem spoken by a persona who tells someone else a story or an event of significance
a poem written as a letter
another special use of "I"
a character is debating an action, not telling about an event - private, used in plays to let the audience in on the inner thoughts of an actor (Hamlet's "to be, or not to be")
public voice poem
a poem that uses "we" to speak for a group of believers or participants in a common situation
a moral lesson is intended