Colonial African storytelling circle
Colonial African storytellers
a hybrid of Precolonial and Western forms, encouraging nationalism and glorifying Africa's customs, rituals, and traditional cultures, while it sometimes calls for political and social change
Nigerian playwright who became in 1968 first African to win Nobel Prize for Literature
encyclopedic book of Indian theatre practice and a treatise on dramatic theory and philosophy
Indian theatre involving stylized gestures used to convey fancies, sentiments, sweet poetry, heroism, mythological forces, love stories
Righteousness and virtue triumph (holy theatre)
Dramatized versions of the great Hindu epic poems
-more heroic, muscular and violent than Sanskrit Drama, but emphasize peace over war, courage over weakness, righteousness over evil
means "story play"
Most famous traditional Chinese theatre form; it includes chanting, dancing, and symbolic pantomime and acrobatics to tell ancient stories with stylized acting and stock characters
Oldest, most revered and holy, most cerebral traditional Japanese theatre
Highly ceremonially, mysterious and tragic in tone
Emphasizes supernatural evens and characters
Noh character who is questioned, prompted, challenged by a secondary character, the Waki
Noh character who prompts or challenges the Shite. -always living male humans, wear no masks
following the Noh play, a Short comic play, often a farcical counterpoint to the Noh play
Parady with lowest form of humor
Kyoto shrine maiden who invented Kabuki Theatre
Japanese theatre created in Shakespeares time, and reached a huge popularity level in late 1600s
-divided into histories, domestic, and dance drama
greatest Kabuki writer who wrote mostly domestic plays, often ending in suicide or double-suicide
("flower way") Kabuki runway that extends from stage right to back of audience; many important dramatic moments are staged there.
In Kabuki, the raised music room at stage right with a slatted front wall.
banjo-like primary Kabuki instrument
Kabuki women-type roles
Kabuki style of the outlandish exaggeration of the samurai warrior
Kabuki "soft" style often used in domestic plays to represent males
In Kabuki, a sudden, grotesque, contorted "freeze" in which (usually an aragoto actor) concludes a violent dance movement in a key moment of the play by crossing their eyes, pointing their toes, accompanied by musical crescendo.
Elaborate Japanese Puppet Theatre with several puppeteers on each characters in full view
Theatre became condemned when the people became more and more realistic
Islamic religious rituals as theatre
City Dionysian Festival
a springtime ritual in Athens with wine and religious ceremonies
The first actor
Theatre of Dionysus
Outdoor amphitheater built into a natural hillside off the Acropolis that hosted the annual City Dionysian Festival
"listening place" in Theatre of Dionysus
prologue, parados, episode, stasimon, exodus
Structure of Greek tragedies
Greek scenic piece with 3 sided pivoting flats
Greek scenic piece: large crane that could fly in actors (usually playing gods) over the Skene; source of term "deus ex machina"
Greek scenic piece: rolling platform that was pushed out of skene usually holding a tragic tableau
Aristotle's character who is elevated: royalty, nobility, a god
Aristotle's "tragic flaw"
excessive pride, type of hamartia
Oedipus the King
Seen as the perfect tragedy
occurs when the tragic hero experiences a radical reversal of fortune
an epiphany, occurs when the tragic hero goes through self-examination and recognizes their true identity
a purging of pity and fear that ennobles them
"Father of Tragedy"
Great, decorated soldier: veteran of legenday battles at Marathon and Salamis
Greek playwright whos plays are more psychological, tightly constructed, more about character and situation than profound speeches
-name means "honored one"
Fearless Greek playwright who always spoke his mind and wrote some of the foriest, most grotesque and difficult tragedies
Founder of Greek comedy
Most popular "New Comedy" Greek playwright
the Greek raised stage
Greek "hearing place"
Greek "entrance tunnel leading to stage"
Greek "mask or masked person"
Roman playwright whose plays are adaptations of Greek stories, characters and "New Comedy" plays
Wrote about 32 plays; 19 are extant; years unknown
Former African slave, freed by his owner
Wrote 6 comedies, all based on Greek plays, and all extant
Less coarse, more elegant than Plautus
Roman utor of Roman emperor Nero
Forced to commit suicide after conviction in a conspiracy case against Nero, of which he may have been innocent
Wrote 9 tragedies, all based on Greek plays
His tragedies were likely "closet drama" but very influential for centuries.