forgiveness; allow you to go through the process of coming into the law if you have been here since 1982
1970's strong nativists attitude
Nativists attitudes resurfaced
US economy was good
Americans worried about
Health of US economy
Severe oil shortage
Unsettling political events
Americans were held hostage for a year until the events were cleared
It is your country's embassy
A country Friendship
Americans were worried about decreasing immigration from what country?
There were debated issues about
culture and assimilation
Who did the US question about accommodating?
1981 report by US government committee- Select Commission on Immigration and Refugee Policy
Evaluated immigration policies and procedures on how to become an immigrant here
Legal Immigration Argued
We cannot worry about setting aside 20% of jobs for foreign workers if our citizens might need those Jobs. US could not afford to set aside 20% of new jobs for foreign workers without going a disservice for our own poor
1986 Immigration Reform Act
Revisions of existing policy as far as immigration
Legal and illegal Immigration in 1980's
Focused on illegal
Verified legal immigration by requiring employers to verify citizenship status
Employers (company) were fined if hired illegal workers
Allowed illegal aliens who have been in US since 1982 to apply for amnesty
Because of amnesty, how many people became legal?
Over 3 million
angry that aliens had to present proof of residency even if they have lived there for 4 years
Immigration Act 1990
raised annual immigration limit to 675,000
Created separate categories
How many legal immigrants left US in 1996
24 million legal immigrants which is 9% of the population
What were half the immigrants nationality
Mexico, Philippines, Vietnam, Dominican Republic, China, Taiwan, Korea, India
12% advanced college degrees
8% Native Born
33% had no high school diploma
Cities that Immigrants would go to
Miami, Chicago, New York, Huston, DC, San Fran, LA
In CA, how many people spoke little or no English?
How many people speak a non-English language at home in Miami?
3/4, 67% do not understand English
What percent is English not their first language?
What states have immigrants all over the state?
Florida, California and Texas
Issues with language and bilingual education, attending school in Spanish if Spanish was your first language
Deicides whether or not immigrants should receive government services including Medical and Educational Services and whether illegal immigrants could attend school or see doctors
Why did CA agree?
Their taxes were high because they were paying for illegal immigrants and illegal immigrants do not pay tax. Hoped to stop illegal immigrants come to CA
People Against Proposition
How can we punish illegal children by telling them that they can not attend school because it is not fair? If they can not see a doctor, will they spread diseases to everyone else in CA because they did not get medical attention
1998 Ruled Unconstitutional
Asserted that only federal government, not the states, can regulate immigration. Proposition only in effect for a few months
Welfare Reform Act
Illegal immigrants cannot receive welfare
Unemployment- government gives you checks every 2 weeks for 2 months
Food Stamps- to make sure they were not spending money on other things but food, in 1997 there was a cutback in food stamps
How long was the waiting period before you could qualify for welfare?
How to times effect look on immigration?
When times are hard, its blamed on immigration
When times are good, they welcome foreigners
Future Immigrant Views
prevailling prejudices and social and economic concerns of the time