Program started by the BIOS that loads the Linux kernel into memory from a hard disk partition inside the computer
In Linux, what is used to accept input from the user and pass input to the kernel for processing?
To find all of the commands that have the word list in their name or description, you would type what?
man -k list
Because you need to document so many pieces of hardware and software information, you should create a ______ that contains all important installation information as well as hardware information.
If you type enough unique letters of a directory and press the _____ key, the BASH shell will find the intended file or directory being specified and fill in the appropriate information.
Most files on a Linux system that contain configuration information are what kind of files?
The ____ regular expression metacharacter matches 0 or more occurrences of the previous character.
What key combination, commonly used in the vi editor command mode, displays current line statistics?
ctrl + g
The ____ can be used with LISP artificial intelligence programming language and supports hundreds of keyboard functions like the vi editor.
Identifies a channel that passes information from one process in memory to another, and in some cases can be mediated by fiels on the hard drive
A file that represents a device on the system, such as a hard disk or serial port
Special device file
A file that allows a process on another computer to write to a file on the local computer while another process reads from that file
What command takes a list of arguments specifying the absolute or relative pathnames of files to remove?
The fastest method to search for files in the Linux Directory tree is to use what command?
You can see the contents of a certain variable in memory by using the ____ metacharacter with the echo command
The ____ section of a filesystem is the section that contains information about the filesystem in general.
In a file's mode, if a permission is unavailable, a ____ character replaces its position in the mode
If a user has _____ permission for a file, they can open. read, and edit the contents of a file
When using the chmod command for a specific file, the ______ argument would add read permissin and remove write permission for the group persmission
To set all of the special permission on a certain file or directory, you can use the command _____, where name is the name of the file or directory.
chmod 7777 name
Special variable on the system used to take away permissions on new files and directories immediately after they are created.
Devices that transfer data in a character-by-character fashion are referred to as______devices.
The ____ device file represents the first primary partition on the second IDE hard disk drive (primary slave).
To format a filesystem with a specified filesystem type, you can use the ____ option with the mkfs command.
To mount all filesystems in the /etc/fstab file that are intended to mount at boot time, you can simply type the ____ command.
Errors on a filesystem are often referred to as filesytem ____ and are common on most filesystems.
To check a filesystem for errors, you can use the _____ command, which can check filesystems of many different types.
File that contains a list of devices that are currently used on the filesystem and their major numbers
In Fedora Linux, a ____ file is a script file that speifies the choices that you would normally choose when you install the operating system
If a Linux installaion ends abnormally and the screen displays a "fatal signal _____" error message, it indicates an error known as a segmentation fault.
Some installation fail to place a boot loader on the hard disk properly; this is often the case with large hard disk drives that have over ____ cylinders.
The ____ file in the /proc directory contains a list of memory address ranges reserved for device use.
File that contains a lists of packages that were installed as well as a list of those that were not installed
A unique identifier for each devie attached to any given node in a SCSI chain
Logical Unit Number (LUN)
File that lists all of the system events that occurred during the installation, such as the creation of user and group accounts
A type of RAID level 0 in which an individual file is divided into sections and saved concurrently on multiple disks.
The situation in which a program has accessed an area of RAM that was not assigned
You can ue the BASH shell to redirect standard output and standard error from the terminal screen to a file on the filesystem using the ___ shell metacharacter followed by the absolute or relative pathname of the file
You can send the standard output of one command to another command as standard input using the ____ shell metacharacter.
The ____ command can be used to extract, manipulate, and format text using pattern-action statements
To see a list of the environmental variables and their current values on a system, you can use the ____ command
The _____ command could be used to view the contents of the environment variable that represents the BASH shell prompt.
To see a list of all exported environment and user-defined variables in the shell, you can use the ____ command
The _____ environment fiel is always executed immediately after login for all users on the system, and sets most environment variables, such as HOME and PATH.
If you have _____ permission to a shell script, you cn execute the shell script like any other executable program on the system.
read and execute
Shell variables that are typically set by the system and contain information that the system and programs access regularly
Files that are typically used to create custom programs that perform administrative tasks on Linux systems.
The first line in a shell script, which specifies the pathname to the shell that interprets the contents of the shell script
Constructs that alter the flow of a program based on whether a command in the program completed successfully or based on a decision that the uer makes given a question posed by the program
a decision construct
A filter command that takes information from standard input and sends that information to a file, as well as to standard output.
To create an encrypted password for use in the /boot/grub/grub.conf, you can use the ____ command
In the /etc/lilo.conf file, the ____ keyword specifies the absolute pathname to the Linux kernel.
In the /etc/lilo.conf file, the ____ keyword specifies the file that contains the physical layout of the disk drive.
A Linux system in runlevel ___ is a system that has no daemons active in memory and is ready to be powered off
After the entries in /etc/inittab have been executed, the ____ file is executed to perform tasks that must occur after system startup.
You can use the ____ command to start, stop, or restart any daemons listed within the /etc/rc.d/init.d directory.
Which utility can be used to modify runtime configuration files so that they start and stop daemons when entering a particular runlevel?
If your system uses the X.org implementation of X Windows, the mouse, keyboard, monitor, and video adapter card information is stored in the ____ file in text format
To configure your keyboard, you can use the _____ command from either a GUI or terminal environment and restart X Windows
After configuring X Windows, you can fine-tune the vsync and hsync of the video card using the ____ utility withing the desktop environment.
A LILO version available for Intel Pentium and Itanium computers that use Extensible Firmware Interface (EFI).
A system process tha performs useful tasks, such as printing, scheduling, and operating system maintenance