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What years are the Baroque Period?

1600-1750

Who is the King of Ragtime?

Scott Joplin

Who is the King of Swing?

Benny Goodman

Who is a Dixieland artist that invented Scat singing?

Louis Armstrong

Fantastic Symphony

Berlioz's Idefixee

Concerto Grosso

Large group of players- baroque era

Beat

Regular current pulsation that divides music into periods of time

Dates of Middle Ages

1066- 1300

Dates of Classical period

1750-1820

Dates of Romantic Period

1820-1900

Dates of Renaissance period?

1300-1650

Dates of 20th Century?

1900-present

Music

An art based on the organization of sounds in time

Four main properties of musical sounds

pitch, dynamics, tone color, duration

Dynamics

degrees of loudness and softness

Italian dynamic markings used to indicate very soft, soft and very loud

pianissimo, piano, fortissimo

It is more difficult to sing than speak because

singing demands greater air supply and control, vowels sounds are held longer in singing then speaking, wider ranges of pitch and volume are used

Rhythm

The element of music defined as the ordered flow of music through time, or the particular arrangement of not lengths in a piece of music

Melody

A series of single notes which add up to a recognizable whole

Harmony

The musical element that refers to the way chords are constructed and how they follow each other

Musical texture

how many different layers of sound are heard at the same time, what kind of layers of sound are heard, and how layers of sound are related to each other

Gregorian Chant

Conveys a calm, other worldly quality, its rhythm is flexible without meter, the melodies tend to move by step within narrow range of pitches, monophonic

The early church frowned on instruments because of their

earlier role in pagan rites

In Middle Ages, most musicians were

Priest or monks

Renaissance music

Texture is polyphonic, sometimes called " the golden age" of acappella choral music, used word painting, a musical representation of specific poetic images.

The movement of Renaissance is

Humanism

During Renaissance every educated person was expected to

Read musical notation, play a musical instrument, and be skilled at dance

Indefinite pitch

Produced by irregular vibrations

4 major sections of symphony orchestra

String, Woodwind, Brass, Percussion

A baroque musical compositions usually expresses

One basic mood

Terraced dynamics

The sudden alteration from one dynamic level to another

The most characteristic feature of baroque music is its use of

The basso continuo

The position of the composer during the baroque period was a

High class servant with few personal rights

Aria

A song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment

The firse opera house in Europe to offer entry with the price of admission opened in 1637 in

Venice

Bach was recognized as the most eminent?

Organist

Oratorio differs from opera because it has no

Acting, Scenery, or costumes

The basso continuo was gradually abandoned during

Classical period

Composers were influenced by folk and popular music in what period?

In the Classical period

The typical orchestra of the classical period consisted of?

Strings, pairs of woodwinds, horns, trumpets, and timpani

Sonata form consists of what three main sections?

Exposition, development, and recapitulation

The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is

fast, slow, dance-related, fast

A classical concerto is a three-movement work for

instrumental soloist and orchestra

The classical string quartet is a musical composition for

Two violins, viola, and cello

Classical chamber music is designed for

The intimate setting of a small room

3 main composers in classical era

Beethoven, Mozart, Haydn

Drawing creative inspiration from cultures of lands foreign to the composer is known as

Exoticism

A romantic composer who earned his living as a touring virtuosos was

Franz Liszt

Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene, popular during romantic period is called?

Program Music

The deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composer's own homeland is known as

Nationalism

The orchestra in the romantic period

Was larger and more varied in tone color then the classical orchestra.

A slight slowing down or speeding up of the tempo

Rubato

The composer whose career was a model for many romantic composers was

Beethoven

The mood of an art song set by a brief piano introduction and summed up at the end by a piano section is called?

Postlude

Chopin expressed his connection with his native country of Poland by composing

Mazurkas

Berlioz influenced a whole generation of musicians as one of the first great

Orchestral Conductors

Polychord

The combination of two traditional chords sounding together

Who was the most important impressionist composer?

Debussy

An early expressive kind of declamation midway between song and speech, introduced during expressionist period is?

Sprechstimme

In music, the early 20th century was a time of

Revolt and change

Characteristics of Jazz

Improvisation, Syncopated rhythm, steady beat, call and response

What is the Backbone of jazz?

Rhythm section (piano, bass, or drums). Can be compared to basso continuo

Main Jazz solo instruments?

Trumpet, trombone, saxophone, clarinet, piano

Bebop

Meant for listening, not dancing. 4-6 players, advanced harmonies, unpredicted rhythms

George Gershwin

Frequently blended 3 different styles into one single style, also cowrote with brother Ira

Romeo and Juliet

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