Religion: the 46 books of the Old Testament

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heres a description of each book we have to know.

Genesis

means "beginning". this contains stories of prehistory and stories of the patriarchs.

Exodus

a central book of the Old Testament. it tells of the Isrealites' enslavement in Egypt, freedom by God, and their wandering in the desert

leviticus

this examines the particulars of the law. it deals with the theme of holiness in all aspects of life.

numbers

tells the story of when the Jews traveled to the Promised Land. it stresses the need for Israel to be totally dedicated and commited to God if it is to succeed as a nation

Deuteronomy

means "second law." it repeats much of the 3 previous books in the form of sermons delivered by Moses. it appeals to obedience and loyalty to God.

Joshua

this book contains a pattern of judgement on Israel that was first introduced in Deuteronomy.

Judges

tells the story of the Israleites worshiping false gods, the Lord allows an enemy to conquer, God helps by sending judges.

Ruth

a short story centering on the lives of Naomi and Ruth. it shows how God can work things for the best even in the midst of suffering.

1 & 2 Samuel

tells the story of the people requesting for a human leader even though they were assured that God is the only leader. Saul becomes king (he is a bad leader) and then David becomes king (he is looked at as the ideal ruler)

1 & 2 Kings

tells the story of David's death and the reign of his son, Solomon.

1 & 2 Chronicles

retell the stories of Samuel and Kings, but from a priestly perspective

Ezra and Nehemiah

these were once a single book. these books tell the story of the Chosen people after they returned from exile in Babylon.

Tobit, Judith, and Esther

these were written as 3 short novels. 1: God works in people's lives to further his plans. God rewards people who remain faithful 2: God cared for Israel. 3: God works through the actions of humans to preserve the chosen people when they were threatened with destruction in a hostile world.

1 & 2 Maccabees

these trace the history of the Jews up to the second century BC. when greeks tried to stamp out Jewish identity, this man rebelled. he and his brothers' efforts led to religious and political freedom

job

teaches the important lesson that God's ways are not our ways. this tells of the trial of an innocent man and raises the question of why bad things happen to good people.

Psalms

a collection of 5 books of poetry/ song lyrics. they praise and thank God.

Proverbs

lists short sayings of rules or lessons for moral living. they educate the reader on how to live a good life.

Ecclesistes

means "someone who calls an assembly." teach lessons on how to live. the important lesson to learn is that only God is eternal, so we should put our faith and hope in him.

Song of Songs

a poem that celebrates the ideal of romantic love between a woman and man. stresses the importance of marriage.

Wisdom

encourages Jews living in Egypt to remain faithful to their heritage. it clearly states the belief in an afterlife where those who live a good life will be rewarded.

Sirach

this recounts many wise sayings and maxims. it is the only book of the Old Testament whose author is identified.

Jeremiah

a prophet who wrote that God would make a new covenant in the future

Ezekiel

a prophet who used symbolic images to spread his message of God's presence and power and the need to take personal responsibility for one's actions

Daniel

a prophet who used apocalyptic writing to encourage persecuted people that God would be faithful and rescue them.

Minor prophets

Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zachariah, Malachi

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