Sikhism

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Adi Granth

first book,
primary Sikh scripture,
aka Guru Granth Sahib

Amrit-dhari

a Sikh, who has received Amrit (nectar)

Amritser

location of Golden temple,
aka ramdaspur

Baisakhi

Spring festival w tent of 10th Guru Gobind Singh,
five willing to give their lives for Sikhism became "5 Beloved", also foundation of the Khalsa,
baptized- drank Amrit,
took on 5 distinguishing marks

Bala

Guru Nanek's Hindu companion,
never became Sikh

Dasam Granth

the writings of 10th Guru Gobind Singh,
secondary scripture to Adi Granth

Guru

spiritual leader,
only one Guru, God, inner voice,
on earth, Guru's arise making it divine

Guru Arjan Dev

5th Guru!
compiled Adi Granth bc bro was writing "holy" poems and hymns, trying to pass them off as Guru Nanak's,
Adi Granth includes Hindu and Muslim wise men writings,
Emperor Jehangir liked Muslims, not sikhs, turned this Guru over to torturer who tried to force him to change the Granth,
known as builder of the golden temple

Guru Gobind Singh

10th Guru,
wrote Dasam Granth,
started Khalsa during Spring festival Baisakhi

Guru Granth Sahib

honorific name of Adi Granth + writings from 9th Guru Tegh Behadur= this title,
last Guru

Guru Hargobind

6th Guru,
more agressive due to Guru Arjan Dev's death,
wore 2 swords:
1.Miri- secular power(shakti)
2.Piri-devotional sword (bhakti)
saints into soldiers,
trained arms and horsemanship,
won over Emperor Jehangirs, by saving his life from a tiger

Guru Tegh Bahadur

9th Guru,
change in Emperors meant Hindus were hated,
went to seek relief for Hindus,
Emperor beheaded him

Gurdwara

center of worship,
a Sikh temple

Haumai

overcoming self-ego

Kachh

1 of 5 Ks, taken on by baptized Sikhs
chastity,
symbol of sexual purity

Kanga

1 of 5 Ks, taken on by baptized Sikhs
comb worn in hair,
symbol of mental discipline

Kara

1 of 5 Ks, taken on by baptized Sikhs
steel bracelet,
symbol of action

Kaur

name given to baptized woman,
add at the end of their name

Kesh

1 of 5 Ks, taken on by baptized Sikhs
long, uncut hair,
symbol of spirituality and living out God's purposes and will naturally

Kes-dhari

not baptized Sikhs but have long hair

Khalsa

sik order,
"pure ones"

Kirpan

1 of 5 Ks, taken on by baptized Sikhs
short dagger or sword,
symbol of defending own faith as well as others

Langar

communal meal

Mardana

Guru Nanak's ministrel, muslim companion,
never joined Sikhism

Miri

sword worn by Guru Hargobind,
represents secular power

Mukti

release

Nanak

founder of Sikhism,
1469 CE-1538 CE,
"there is neither Hindu nor Muslim"
True Name or Vahiguru "wonderful sovereign"

Nath

Hindu tradition looking within in search for God

Piri

sword worn by Guru Hargobind,
represents devotion

Ramdaspur

aka Amritser today,
founded by 3rd Guru,
location of GoldenTemple

Sahaj-dhari

a person adopted into Sikhism

Samsara

rounds of rebirth

Sanghat

Sikh community

Sant

Hindu tradition believing in devotion to God, who is formless

Seva

service

sikh

follower of Nanak,
word meaning disciple

Simran

meditation

Singh

male members of Khalsa,
add this name to end of name

True Name

one sovereign God

Punjab Region

where Sikhs live,
bread basket of INdia,
freat garmers,

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