What constitutes perhaps the biggest single activity in Western classical music today?
What four types of performing forces might one hear in a concert of Western classical music?
symphony orchestras, choral societies, chamber ensembles, solo voice or instrument
Of what do instrumental compositions in Western classical music typically consist?
Multiple smaller compositions, called movements, of contrasting moods, meters, modes, and tempos
What kinds of compositions will one typically hear in a symphony orchestra concert?
symphony, concerto, overture, tone poem, suit
What kinds of compositions will one typically hear in a choral society concert?
oratorio, mass, anthem
What kinds of compositions will one typically hear in a solo piano recital?
sonatas, character pieces, variations
Of what do concerto movements consist?
alterations between orchestra and soloist
What is a cadenza, as found in a typical instrumental concerto?
a flashy elaboration by the soloist on the 6/4 chord just before the final orchestral section of a fast movement
For what instruments or voices is the typical oratorio written?
vocal soloists, orchestra, and chorus
What is an oratorio?
a dramatic narrative for orchestra and chorus
Whence do the stories of oratorios typically come?
one of the books from the Old Testament
Of what do oratorios typically consist
recitatives, arias, and choruses
What is the source for the libretto for Handel's Messiah?
Bible verses organized by Charles Jennens
What are the subjects of the three parts of Handel's Messiah?
the prophecy and birth of Jesus as Messiah; the passion resurrection, ascension, and message of Christ; Christ's victory over death and sin
When and where was Messiah premiered?